主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1003-305X CN 11-1349/R

Table of Content

    30 July 2020, Volume 39 Issue 4 Previous Issue    Next Issue
    Survey of online learning in TCM colleges and universities based on learners' experience during COVID-19 outbreak
    Yuan Na, Zhai Shuangqing, Jiao Nan, Wu Yue, Gu Xiaohong
    2020, 39 (4):  1-6.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.199
    Abstract ( 296 )   PDF (1155KB) ( 181 )   Save
    This paper aims at gathering information and identifying problems of online learning from students' experience in TCM colleges and universities during COVID-19 outbreak. During the first two weeks teaching, we conducted nationwide online questionnaires covering 24 TCM colleges and universities as well as several in-depth telephone interviews. We collected 135,598 valid questionnaires and 16 in-depth telephone interviews. The findings show that the dimension of students' emotional cognition scored the highest, while other dimensions like learning motivation, learning behavior, learning experience and learning satisfaction scored higher than the theoretical averages. Nevertheless, the dimension of students' past online learning experience scored the lowest, not reaching the theoretical average. The paper points out that the overall online learning in TCM colleges and universities is quite satisfactory. However, further improvements should be made in online-teaching design from the perspectives of providing learning sources, promoting teacher-student interactions, to improving autonomous learning. More efforts should also be made to adopt blended teaching mode thus promoting the implementation of teaching and education reform.
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    Strategies of online teaching in colleges and universities COVID-19 outbreak*
    Chen Chutao, He Qinghu, Huang Qiaoling, Liu Xianju, Luo Hongdan, Wei Yiwei, Li Tielang
    2020, 39 (4):  7-9.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.078
    Abstract ( 210 )   PDF (1048KB) ( 171 )   Save
    The outbreak of COVID-19 has exerted serous impact on epidemic prevention and control as well as teaching of colleges and universities. It is a great challenge for educators to carry out teaching as planned in responding to the call of “non-stopping teaching and learning” by the Ministry of Education. However, higher education institutions are confronted with the fact that large-scale online teaching and learning are still lack of practice and experience. This paper first discussed the feasibility of online teaching under the epidemic. It then identified the following problems: there are too many online platforms and some of them have design defects; the platform systems are not running smoothly and online teaching are often conducted on peak hours; teaching concepts are traditional and learning is inactive; curricula need redesigning and classroom management is loosely regulated; formative assessments are rigid and feedbacks are not received timely. It also put forward some corresponding countermeasures to cope with the above problems. The paper provides some reference of online teaching for other colleges and universities.
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    Blended teaching during COVID-19 outbreak: Taking the teaching of Chinese Materia Medica as an example*
    Zhang Xiaodong, Liu Min, Hang Aiwu, Ma Li, Gu Junfei, Tang Decai
    2020, 39 (4):  10-13.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.084
    Abstract ( 269 )   PDF (1061KB) ( 120 )   Save
    The COVID-19 epidemic is both a crisis and an opportunity. It has changed the normal teaching yet put forward new propositions in teaching. This paper analyzed online blended teaching during epidemic outbreak. The authors discussed the two forms of blended online teaching: face-to-face online teaching and autonomous learning. They also pointed out that these two ways of teaching should be coordinated to offline teaching once the normal teaching is resumed. Taking the course of Chinese Materia Medica as an example, the authors discussed the construction of blended online teaching from the following six aspects: student analysis, teaching form, learning methods, teaching methods, teaching strategies and assessment The authors proposed an implementation plan based on the BOPPPS model. It is hoped to promote reflection on. teaching and enhance further improvement of online and offline blended teaching after the epidemic.
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    Strategies of educating students in online teaching during COVID-19 containment: Taking Basic Immunology and Pathogen Biology as an example*
    Chen Liling, Lu Fangguo, Wei Ke, Ning Yi, Gao Qiang, Li Shan, Xiong Tao, Hu Jue
    2020, 39 (4):  14-17.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.170
    Abstract ( 172 )   PDF (1061KB) ( 69 )   Save
    Under the outbreak of COVID-19, the Ministry of Education announced the delay the opening of the spring semester and called for “non-stopping teaching and learning” with the aid of online teaching to prevent the spread of the epidemic. The new teaching mode has posed a challenge: how to fulfill the tasks of both imparting knowledge and cultivating students under the epidemic outbreak and make full use of the situations. This paper introduced the practice of online teaching of Basic Immunology and Pathogen Biology and proposed strategies of cultivating students from the following four aspects: identifying cultivating elements during COVID-19 outbreak, cultivating students' spirit of dedication by learning from anti-epidemic heroes and heroines, enhancing students' ability to apply theory into practice by adjusting teaching contents, and guiding students by strengthening teacher-student interactions. The practice and strategies may provide reference for the teaching of other TCM colleges and universities.
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    Practice of online flipped classroom teaching during COVID-19 outbreak: Taking Medicine Marketing as an example*
    Shen Qun, Dai Jiaojiao, Zhang Chunhui
    2020, 39 (4):  18-21.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.104
    Abstract ( 185 )   PDF (1057KB) ( 47 )   Save
    This paper puts forward online flipped classroom teaching methods during the outbreak of COVID-19 when face-to-face classroom teaching cannot be conducted. Without changing teaching objectives and reducing the amount of teaching hours, the new teaching highlights the features of online flipped classroom and makes full use of other forms of teaching and learning. For online flipped classroom, students can learn autonomously anytime and anywhere with their own learning pace. For video conference, teachers can teach and communicate with students face-to-face online. The paper points out that the blended teaching can achieve desirable learning outcomes and lend itself to the special situations.
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    Application of online teaching during COVID-19 outbreak: Taking MOOC as an example*
    Lyu Lijiang, Ma Ruijie, Qiu Weiguo, Wang Xiaodong, Niu Hongshe, Gao Xiangfu
    2020, 39 (4):  22-24.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.031
    Abstract ( 226 )   PDF (1051KB) ( 76 )   Save
    The outbreak of COVID-19 has exerted huge impact on the normal teaching of colleges and universities. Online teaching has demonstrated its unique strengths under the critical situation. The implementation of MOOC in online teaching makes it possible to realize off-campus teaching and non-stopping teaching, which is very critical in achieving the dual objective of teaching and prevention. In the practice of MOOC, teachers should make preparations well in advance, facilitate students in learning, supplement practice teaching, and conduct teaching assessment. Teachers should avoid attaching too much importance on online teaching because learning can not happen without teachers' facilitation, and teaching live alone cannot make students obtain professional knowledge without teachers' involvement.
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    Construction and application of asynchronous SPOC teaching assisted by Tencent Meeting during COVID-19 outbreak
    Li Xiaowei, Zhang Ming, Qu Lei
    2020, 39 (4):  25-27.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.095
    Abstract ( 210 )   PDF (1051KB) ( 58 )   Save
    Confronted with the challenge of non-stopping teaching during COVID-19 outbreak, teachers in Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine have taken prompt and effective countermeasures to implement online teaching and learning. We selected high-quality teaching and learning resources available on network teaching platforms as the main source of asynchronous SPOC (Small Private Online Course), conducted live broadcasting assisted by Tencent Meeting Application to create virtual learning community similar to physical classroom. The Tencent Meet plus SPOC teaching allows students to have a sense of belongings as well as enhancing interactions at different levels: students to students, students to teachers, an individual student to the whole class, and teachers and students to the university. This paper analyzes the benefits of SPOC, provides methods to construct suitable live broadcasting+SPOC teaching mode by taking Medical Computer Foundation for TCM students as an example. It also evaluates the teaching effects. The practice of this new teaching mode will provide reference for university teachers to construct asynchronous SPOC teaching in line with their own classroom needs.
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    Promoting curricula construction of postgraduates with online teaching mode
    Mo Jie, Li Lei, Cheng Fan, Zhao Chen, Zhang Liping
    2020, 39 (4):  28-30.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.159
    Abstract ( 190 )   PDF (1047KB) ( 53 )   Save
    As an important part of postgraduate education, curricula construction, which needs new ideas and approaches, has always been a difficult problem. In response to the COVID-19 epidemic, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (BUCM) has comprehensively implemented online teaching of postgraduate courses. In this process, we find that the online teaching mode has certain advantages in promoting innovation, integrating resources, improving ability and facilitating management, all of which can play a role in teaching of theories, reforming of teaching assessment mode, enhancing ideological and political education and teaching supervision. The online teaching will further promote the construction of postgraduate courses.
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    TCM college students' understanding and coping strategies towards COVID-19: A case study of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
    Gao Peng, Wu Fengzhi, Zhao Baixiao, Li Feng, Zhao Jianlei, Han Xue, Yu Huan, Yan Xiaoxue, Bai Minghua, Li Tenghui, Ding Xia
    2020, 39 (4):  31-33.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.142
    Abstract ( 236 )   PDF (1053KB) ( 88 )   Save
    An online questionnaire survey was conducted to investigate the understanding and coping strategies of COVID-19 for students from Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (BUCM). The questions were designed by a team composed of undergraduates, postgraduates, Ph.D. students as well as experts from different areas of TCM. 1,674 students participated in this survey, including 1,113 undergraduates and 561 graduate students. Among them, there were 1,428 medical majors, 127 pharmaceutical majors and 119 non-medical majors (including students from management and humanities schools). SPSS 20.0 statistical software was used for data analysis. The results showed that college students in BUCM could basically master the knowledge of COVID-19 prevention and control, but there were differences between undergraduate and postgraduate students in terms of knowledge level. Therefore, multi-level training, clinic-oriented practice and teaching of TCM classics can be implemented to all to achieve the integration of knowledge and practice.
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    Research and reflection on cultivating applied TCM talents based on the service of economic and social development
    Shi Yan, Liu Zhengqing, Jia Lianqun
    2020, 39 (4):  34-36.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.350
    Abstract ( 171 )   PDF (1048KB) ( 40 )   Save
    Based on the guidance and orientation of the state for applied talents and the demand of economic and social development for applied TCM talents, and combined with the regional economic development and the actual situation of Liaoning Province, this paper summarized the experience of cultivating applied TCM talents from the following aspects: deepening cooperative education, promoting curricula construction, strengthening practical education and strengthening quality assurance. In response to the demand of the new era for applied TCM talents, it is suggested that the cultivation should be demand-oriented, standard-oriented and feature-oriented. In addition, it advocates innovative ideas of cultivation from four dimensions, namely, the education of TCM culture, the education of TCM classics, the education of TCM IT, and the education of TCM international standardization. It provides experience of cultivation mode of applied TCM talents for TCM colleges and universities.
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    Exploration and practice on constructing a new training mode of medical innovation and entrepreneurship talents based on national incubator
    Guo Jiao, Li Jincheng, Chen Gang, Ji Shengguo, Li Xiaojing
    2020, 39 (4):  37-40.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.334
    Abstract ( 174 )   PDF (1228KB) ( 56 )   Save
    Training medical talents with solid professional knowledge and technical ability, as well as innovative consciousness and entrepreneurship, is an urgent requirement of “mass entrepreneurship and innovation” in the new era and the key to the reform of medical education. Aiming at the problems in the cultivation, a multi-dimensional training model of medical innovation and entrepreneurship talents based on the platform of national incubator was constructed, which gave full play to the characteristics and advantages. In the past 10 years, it has effectively promoted the organic connection of pharmaceutical education chain, talent chain, industrial chain and innovation chain. Students' innovation spirit, entrepreneurship consciousness and innovation and entrepreneurship practice ability have been greatly improved. A large number of high-quality medical talents have been trained and a group of excellent innovation and entrepreneurship teams have been developed. The above achievements have brought good social benefits and provided reference for innovation and entrepreneurship education in other medical schools.
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    Systematic review and meta-analysis on evaluating the effectiveness of PBL teaching mode for acupuncture courses in medical schools in China*
    Cao Huijuan, Yan Yonghong, Yu Changhe, Yuan Yi, Yang Xiaoming, Fei Yutong, Li Duoduo
    2020, 39 (4):  41-49.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.198
    Abstract ( 194 )   PDF (3363KB) ( 71 )   Save
    Objective To systematically evaluate the impact of the problem-based teaching model (PBL) and the lecture-based teaching model (LBL) on the learning outcomes of acupuncture courses. Methods A randomized controlled study compared PBL and LBL in acupuncture course in China was searched by PubMed, EMBASE, The Cochrane Library, VIP, WanFang and China National Knowledge Infrastruction databases. The searching was ended by March 31, 2020. Two reviewers independently screened the literature, extracted the data, and evaluated the risk of bias of the included studies. Meta-analysis was performed using RevMan 5.3 software according to the statistical heterogeneity among studies. Results A total of 21 studies were included, all were assessed as having a high risk of bias. The meta-analysis showed potential better effect of PBL model on increasing the final test scores (standard mean difference 1.30, 95% confidence interval 1.10-1.49, I2=44%, 15 studies, 921 students) and the students' satisfactory (risk ratio 1.25, 95% confidence interval 1.12-1.40, I2=16%, 6 studies, 328 students). Subgroup meta-analysis also showed the effectiveness of PBL model may be even better for students during clinical practicing and training. Conclusion It suggests that the PBL teaching mode for acupuncture courses is better than LBL mode to enhance students self-learning and practical ability.
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    Survey and analysis of study status of TCM classics courses*
    Liu Tiegang, Bai Chen, Yu He, Liu Guo, Zhao Yansong, Gu Xiaohong
    2020, 39 (4):  50-52.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.412
    Abstract ( 209 )   PDF (1050KB) ( 51 )   Save
    As the core of TCM teaching and education, TCM classics courses have played an indispensable role in cultivating students' theoretical knowledge and TCM thinking. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine conducted a survey to investigate students' study status and identify current problems in the teaching of these TCM classics. The findings show that students attach due importance to the study of TCM classics, however, there do exist the following problems: students' actual command of the TCM classics is inadequate; students are lack of interests in learning TCM classics, students' learning methods are not proper and efficient, most students have not read the original texts of TCM Classics; and they find it difficult to apply TCM classics into clinical practices. The findings indicate that the teaching of TCM classics should accommodate students in adjusting teaching content and improving teaching methods, more specifically, reinforcing the reciting and analyzing the original texts, emphasizing the application of TCM classics into clinical practices, offering more cases and stimulating students' interests.
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    Analysis of the development of clinical medicine in China based on factual data*
    Li Yuan, Li Yu, Wang Danfeng, Deng Yanan
    2020, 39 (4):  53-60.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.189
    Abstract ( 167 )   PDF (1181KB) ( 42 )   Save
    The basis and core of discipline planning and construction is to master the factual data and trends of discipline development. With the development of bibliometrics, ESI database or InCites are used comprehensively to evaluate scientific research performances, providing a new approach and method for scientific evaluation of discipline construction. By analyzing the data of clinical medicine in ESI and InCites database, this paper explains the development status of clinical medicine in China in detail. By analyzing the key information and data of the competitiveness of clinical medicine discipline, this paper summarizes the development trend and global level of clinical medicine discipline in China, and evaluates the development speed and influence of the discipline, international cooperation and other scientific research status. We hope to provide multi-analysis of academic achievements for science and technology policy makers, scientific research managers, information analysis experts and researchers, and provide development suggestions and reference for the construction of clinical medicine disciplines in China.
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    Questionnaire and analysis on curriculum design of master degree program of TCM clinical medicine for international students of Western medicine: A case study of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine*
    Wang Hongmei, Zhang Liping, Zhao Cuifang
    2020, 39 (4):  61-64.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.261
    Abstract ( 158 )   PDF (1062KB) ( 23 )   Save
    For master degree program of TCM clinical medicine for international students of Western medicine, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (BUCM) has been actively exploring the teaching mode and content of clinical teaching. We conducted a thorough investigation of TCM clinical courses offered in various countries. We also conducted a questionnaire survey towards teachers and international students on course modules, clinical curriculum setting modes, organization of teaching and learning, curriculum structures as well as program duration, length of internship, and the teaching of new courses. On the basis of the above investigation, we developed measures of adjustment and improved the curriculum system so as to effectively promote the successful implementation and development of the program. It is hoped to enhance the curriculum system of master degree program of TCM clinical medicine for international students of Western medicine.
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    Research on the teaching of cultivation narrative ability in TCM translation*
    Gao Yun
    2020, 39 (4):  65-68.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.310
    Abstract ( 168 )   PDF (1062KB) ( 41 )   Save
    Aiming to improve students' narrative ability of TCM translation, a task-oriented translation teaching is carried out based on the parallel text corpus of TCM translation. During a 14-week term, students are expected to learn to choose translation strategies flexibly according to the text function, target audience, translation purpose and other factors. As revealed in students' translation coursework and interview performed after the teaching practice, this course can help students master flexible translation strategies like transedition, modification, selective translation creation, thus improve the quality and communication of their translation text. In addition, students can improve their ability of independent learning, critical thinking, interpersonal and cross-cultural communication, as well as team cooperation at the same time.
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    Approaches of strengthening confidence of TCM culture in TCM colleges and universities*
    Li Lei, Nie Haiyang
    2020, 39 (4):  69-72.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.155
    Abstract ( 186 )   PDF (1058KB) ( 73 )   Save
    Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), a treasure of ancient Chinese science, is rooted in traditional Chinese culture. It is the key to the treasure house of Chinese civilization. Confidence of TCM culture is the premise and foundation of inheriting, developing, and making the best use of TCM. Therefore, how to strengthen the confidence of TCM culture is a theoretical and practical question to be answered by all. TCM colleges and universities play an important and irreplaceable role in TCM developments. TCM colleges and universities should accomplish and strengthen the confidence of TCM culture from the following five functional dimensions: cultivating outstanding TCM talents, innovating TCM, providing high-quality TCM services, disseminating TCM culture, and promoting international exchange of TCM.
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    Promoting effects of integrating ideological and political elements into the teaching of TCM*
    Jiang Weiyan, Xue Yuxin, Li Xinyue, Zhao Yansong
    2020, 39 (4):  73-77.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.316
    Abstract ( 195 )   PDF (1066KB) ( 81 )   Save
    Ideological and political education, which guides students to establish correct world outlook, view of life and values, is an important part of teaching content as well as an important way for university students to develop a correct understanding of themselves and the society. However, with the progress of society and the development of science and technology, there are more channels for students to acquire knowledge and the content is getting richer. Therefore, the single teaching mode can no longer meet the ideological and political education needs, and it is time to reform the methods of ideological and political teaching. The integration of ideological and political elements into TCM courses can not only guide students in their lives but also stimulate students' motivation and enthusiasm in their studies. From the perspective of students, this paper puts forward some thoughts and discussions on the purpose, mode, significance and influence of integrating ideological and political elements into TCM teaching. It also discusses ways to enrich the teaching content.
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    Exploration on the experimental teaching of analog electronic    technology in TCM colleges and universities*
    Wen Junling, Xu Gang, Li Shaoxiong, Zhang Ke, Gao Ming
    2020, 39 (4):  78-81.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.315
    Abstract ( 191 )   PDF (2288KB) ( 73 )   Save
    High quality practice teaching plays an irreplaceable role in cultivating the comprehensive quality of talents. In order to cultivate the innovative spirit and engineering practical ability of Biomedical Engineering students, this paper first focuses on existing problems of analog electronic technology like old experiment contents, single experiment type, students' inadequate knowledge of physics as well as lacking of interest for current teaching mode. Then it introduces a two-week training session with circuit designing, simulation, wiring, welding and debugging skills training. The reform indicates that students' engineering practice and innovation have been enhanced and teaching quality has been improved.
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    Application of mind mapping in the teaching of Doctrines of Different Schools in Traditional Chinese Medicine*
    Tang Qiaoling, Song Jia, Sun Lingzhi, He Juan
    2020, 39 (4):  82-85.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.04.241
    Abstract ( 208 )   PDF (2436KB) ( 98 )   Save
    Mind mapping, an effective visualized tool to display divergent thinking, has been widely used in education home and abroad. Doctrines of Different Schools in TCM encompasses many TCM doctors from various schools with different academic thoughts. The application of mind mapping can enable students to construct a net work linking scattered information, yet there are no reports on the application of this method.By introducing mind mapping into teaching, we find that it helps students to build a knowledge framework, and improves their learning efficiency. Mind mapping also helps teachers to guide teaching and learning outcomes of students. It indicates that the use of mind mapping in the teaching of Doctrines of Different Schools in TCM is effective and worth applying to other courses.
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