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主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1003-305X CN 11-1349/R

Table of Content

    30 May 2020, Volume 39 Issue 3 Previous Issue    Next Issue
    Cogitation on the disciplinary construction of Infectious Diseases during COVID-19 pandemic*
    Gu Xiaohong
    2020, 39 (3):  1-3.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.224
    Abstract ( 232 )   PDF (625KB) ( 28 )   Save
    This paper identified the existing problems and causes of TCM treatment and prevention against infectious diseases during COVID-19 outbreak. The author pointed out that the disciplinary construction of Infectious Diseases integrating both TCM and Western medicine should be at the top of the agenda. The construction should alse be problem-based and goals-oriented with long-term planning. Confronted with current challenges, the author put forward the following countermeasures in disciplinary construction of Infectious Diseases: raising the political awareness and strengthening cultural confidence; reinforcing interdisciplinary and cross-boundary corporations to construct integrative discipline of Infectious Diseases; improving clinical treatment capacity by integrating TCM with Western medicine; inheriting TCM essences by attaching great importance to TCM classics and experiences of eminent TCM doctors; raising the level of scientific research by platform construction; enhancing the construction of talent team; and establishing the long-term mechanism. The reinforcing of the disciplinary construction of Infectious Diseases integrating both TCM and Western medicine will give full play to the advantages of TCM in preventing and treating infectious diseases, and it is also of great significance to the inheritance and innovation of TCM.
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    Learning by doing, innovating by inheriting: Implications of COVID-19 to the development of the discipline of Warm Diseases*
    Zhao Yansong
    2020, 39 (3):  4-8.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.057
    Abstract ( 219 )   PDF (925KB) ( 22 )   Save
    Warm Diseases is the major discipline of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for the study of treatment of epidemic diseases, and it is now the main TCM reference to combat COVID-19. According to the clinical reports of COVID-19 infected patients in Wuhan, Hubei province since December 2019, the author reviewed the name, etiology, pathogenesis, location and transmission of thisvirus at different stages. The findings and analysis can complement the content of Warm Diseases in TCM textbooks. The author also put forward the following suggestions in the learning and researching of Warm Diseases: understanding classics of Warm Diseases to lay a solid foundation of TCM knowledge; observing epidemic diseases objectively and gathering information based on facts; having a sense a social responsibility and fullfilling the doctor’s mission to spare patients from sickness and pain with benevolence.
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    Exploration of cloud-assisted employment mode during COVID-19 outbreak in TCM colleges and universities from the perspective of enhancing career competency
    Tian Runping, Xu Jing, Li Yang, Wang Shuo, Shao Yue, Zhai Shuangqing
    2020, 39 (3):  9-12.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.072
    Abstract ( 220 )   PDF (815KB) ( 38 )   Save
    This paper aims at exploring cloud-assisted employment mode in TCM colleges and universities during COVID-19 outbreak to meet the requirements of “postponing the start of the spring semester but not suspending teaching and online employment service guidance” issued by the Ministry of Education (EOM). Guided by the principle of enhancing TCM graduates’ career competency, this mode creatively applies cloud technology to deal with the current employment challenges via cloud-services, cloud-recruitment, and cloud-class. Additionally, this mode allows TCM graduates to better adapt themselves to the new employment situations by enhancing the efficiency of career education in the development of their professional confidence, professional skills, creative thinking, employment skills, comprehensive competence as well as the establishment of correct view of world, life and values.
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    Teaching strategies of “non-stoppin teaching and learning” during COVID-19 pandemic: Taking Immunology Basis and Pathogenic Biology as an example*
    Wei Ke, He Qinghu, Lu Fangguo, Chen Lingli, Hu Jue
    2020, 39 (3):  13-15.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.067
    Abstract ( 232 )   PDF (558KB) ( 41 )   Save
    The Ministry of Education (MOE) postponed the start of the spring semester to prevent the spreading of COVID-19, and MOE also deployed “non-stopping teaching and learning” scheme to counteract the suspension of teaching. This paper reviewed the teaching reform of Immunology Basis and Pathogenic Biology in Hunan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and summarized the following five strategies: using information technology to explore online teaching and learning resources; organizing teachers to reinforce online tutorials; improving teaching methods to arouse student’s interests; integrating related parts of the teaching content to enhance students’ ability to fight epidemics, and emphasizing the sense of mission to cultivate the spirit of dedication. The reform proved practical by applying online teaching and learning platform and provided reference for the future online teaching of Immunology Basis and Pathogenic Biology.
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    Practice and implications of teaching reform of Clinical Chinese Materia Medica during COVID-19 pandemic*
    Zhang Xiaomeng, Lin Zhijian, Zhang Bing, Liu Xin, Wu Qing
    2020, 39 (3):  16-18.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.071
    Abstract ( 224 )   PDF (512KB) ( 43 )   Save
    During the outbreak of COVID-19, the Ministry of Education (MOE) postponed the start of the spring semester and deployed “non-stopping teaching and learning” scheme to counteract the suspension of teaching. The teaching team of Clinical Chinese Materia Medica of Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine has actively responded to the call and taken certain measures to meet the current challenges. Multiple teaching strategies, namely, online-guidance of famous teachers, integration of high quality resources, and flexible distance learning, have been implemented in this teaching reform to ensure the quality of teaching. The curricula of some major courses such as Chinese Materia Medica, Adverse Drug Reaction and Pharmacovigilance of Chinese Materia Medica, have been redesigned to tailor the teaching reform. In addition, online teaching and learning platforms such as China University MOOC platform, Chaoxing platform, BB platform and Qingxin classroom on campus have been optimized and supplemented to enrich the teaching and learning resources. The assessment system has also been adjusted to provide adequate feedbacks on the reform of online teaching.
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    Countermeasures of psychological impacts of COVID-19 on TCM college students*
    Li Xiuyan, Wang Yanhong, Lv Shaowa, Guan Qingxia, Wang Qiuying, Zang Lingling, Wang Boyan, Li Yongji
    2020, 39 (3):  19-22.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.080
    Abstract ( 237 )   PDF (729KB) ( 36 )   Save
    During the outbreak of COVID-19, colleges students are required to stay at home and learn online. This new situation has imposed such challenges to college students as information overload, trauma stress, psychological changes, crisis of trust, safety of going abroad, and employment. This paper provides the understanding of epidemic situations and information of the major events during the epidemic periods from the perspective of TCM specialists. Together with the past experiences of epidemic psychological impacts on college students, this paper highlights the outstanding contributions of medical staff in fighting against epidemics, emphasizes the party’s strong leadership and the unity of the people during the epidemic outbreak, and stresses the significant role TCM in battling the epidemic. Guided by the above principles, colleges students are facilitated to adjust their attitudes, re-identify their goals, reconstruct their habits to get rid of negative emotions. Besides, stories of those dedicated people and their bravery deeds should be gathered, designed into course cases in combination with TCM knowledge. The author believes that the implementation of well-designed courses will not only enhance students’ enthusiasm for TCM, sense of national pride, and their self-esteem, but also stabilize their state of mind, as well as restoring their optimistic and positive learning state.
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    Emergency management mode of college students during COVID-19 outbreak: Taking Beijing University of Chinese Medicine as an example
    Li Wei, Zhao Na, Ai Hua, Wang Yaoxian
    2020, 39 (3):  23-26.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.086
    Abstract ( 238 )   PDF (677KB) ( 55 )   Save
    Confronted with “postponing the start of school but not suspending education” during COVID-19 outbreak, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine has taken the following countermeasures: conducting a thorough screening for detailed information of 7805 students, setting up a database for their daily activities, establishing an emergency prevention-control team; and working out an emergency plan. During the sudden epidemic outbreak, we implemented the multi-dimensional management mode in terms of time, space, people and events. The management mode has achieved desirable outcomes in both successful prevention and control the spread of COVID-19, and also innovative exploration of classified management of students.
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    Quality control of online TCM teaching and learning during the fight against COVID-19
    Xiang Leyuan, Wang Lin, Hu Hongyi, Mao Huan, Wang Yimin, Zha Jianlin, Shen Yuhong, Jin Yong, Shu Jing
    2020, 39 (3):  27-31.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.087
    Abstract ( 222 )   PDF (798KB) ( 53 )   Save
    Online teaching not only provides us opportunities to adopt new teaching methods, but also imposes us challenges to conduct quality control of online teaching and learning during COVID-19 pandemic. How to enhance online teaching and learning is a pressing issue currently. The research conducted a survey on student analysis in 12 TCM colleges and universities. Guided by the principles of in-depth learning, together with the findings of the survey, this paper put forward standards of quality control for online TCM teaching and learning, identifying learning objectives, increasing the challenge degree of online tasks, reinforcing effective interaction between teachers and students, enhancing mutual supporting among teachers, and implementing supervision of teaching and learning. It offers effective reference for the design, implementation and evaluation of online TCM teaching and learning.
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    Reflections and countermeasures of admission doctoral students during COVID-19 pandemic: Taking the discipline of TCM as an example*
    Jiang Youming, Zhang Liping, Fan Lu, Zhang Qian, Zhang Hong
    2020, 39 (3):  32-35.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.119
    Abstract ( 219 )   PDF (636KB) ( 15 )   Save
    Since December 2019, the epidemic spread of COVID-19 has brought great challenges to the 2020 enrollment of doctoral candidates. If the traditional onsite exams cannot be organized due to COVID-19 outbreak, the impending challenge the Ministry of Education (MOE) confronted with is to optimize and improve an assessment system to construct a scientific, standardized and feasible enrollment mode, thus guaranteeing the safety of candidates and teaching staff as well and ensuring the fairness, impartiality and openness of the admission. Based on the current investigations and surveys, this paper summarizes the experimental practice of “application-admission assessment system” of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, clarifies major problems where the accommodation with the new enrollment is necessary, and puts forward countermeasures and suggestions to solve the problems. It is expected to provide other high education institutions with some references in decision-making and solutions to the doctoral-student enrollment under the current circumstance, and in the long run, contribute new ways to further optimize and comprehensively implement the “application-admission assessment system”.
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    Orientation return of management in TCM colleges and universities
    Zuo Zhengyun, Xiao Xiaofei, Jian Hui, Zhong Lingyun, Ye Yaohui
    2020, 39 (3):  36-38.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.344
    Abstract ( 192 )   PDF (527KB) ( 13 )   Save
    San Yi Zhi Yi, which literally means the diagnosis and treatment in accordance with time, place and individuality, is a traditional humanistic concept and has always been the value pursuit of TCM. We should advocate the concept of San Yi Zhi Yi and the orientation return of the concept of “humanistic value” in the management in TCM colleges and universities. We promote the teaching reform, teacher development and management reform in the new era from the three aspects: multiple approach to cultivate students, individualized approach to promote teachers, and once-for-all approach to improve administrative efficiency.
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    Study on the new mode of TCM inheritance teaching of undergraduates: Taking Zhejiang Chinese Medical University as an example
    Li Junwei, Chen Jian, Zhang Yizhou, Wu Jiannong, Lu Jianhua, Ding Xi
    2020, 39 (3):  39-41.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.327
    Abstract ( 225 )   PDF (1090KB) ( 34 )   Save
    Teaching not closely associated with clinical practices has been the problem of current TCM undergraduate teaching. Under the threefold guidance of “studying the TCM classics-learning from the eminent TCM physicians-training in clinical practices”, Zhejing Chinese Medical University innovated a TCM inheritance teaching mode of undergraduates by making fully use of the high-quality facilities and resources of the affiliated and teaching hospitals as well as the Internet technology. Guided by eminent TCM physicians, students have broadened their horizons, made closer, more in-depth and comprehensive study in clinical practices, thus improved their TCM clinical competence.
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    A visualized analysis of hot research topics of Education of Chinese Medicine in the past 25 years
    Wang Xiaoxuan, Jiao Nan, Yuan Na, Wu Yue, Zhai Shuangqing
    2020, 39 (3):  42-46.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.030
    Abstract ( 219 )   PDF (1145KB) ( 24 )   Save
    This paper first retrieves the articles of Education of Chinese Medicine from Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) between 1995 and 2019, analyzing them according to numbers of papers published, citation frequency, downloads, and hot research topics, and then visualizes the data by CiteSpace. Based on these data, altogether 4,373 articles are collected, each with 2.87 average citation frequency and 112.65 average downloads. These articles indicate that the main research focuses are teaching reform, talents cultivation, teaching methods, TCM colleges and universities, etc. The identified research focuses are closely related to the national education reforms and developments, and the papers published have provided corresponding references for the research of Chinese medicine education.
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    Research on the constrnction of teachers’ teaching-quality evaluation system*
    Zhang Cong, Zhang Mengpei, Zhang Haoxiang, Wang Zhiheng, Zhu Wentao
    2020, 39 (3):  47-50.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.023
    Abstract ( 206 )   PDF (635KB) ( 22 )   Save
    Objectives This paper aims at constructing a comprehensive evaluation index system of teachers’ teaching quality in line with the characteristics of Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (BUCM), and improving the scientific and normative evaluation of teachers’ comprehensive teaching quality. Methods The index pool and index framework are determined by literature research method and expert consultation method, and the evaluation index and its weight are determined by Delphi method and analytic hierarchy process. Results Through two rounds of Delphi consultations with 20 experts, a comprehensive evaluation index system for the teaching quality of BUCM teachers, including 4 first-level indicators and 20 second-level indicators, was constructed, and the index weights at all levels were assigned. Conclusion The experts participating in this research are well-represented, highly motivated, and highly authoritative. Expert opinions from all levels of index entries are concentrated, and the research results are highly credible. The index system constructed reflects the characteristics of education and teaching at BUCM and can provide reference for teachers’ teaching quality evaluation.
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    Approaches to translating TCM pathological terms: Implications of translation practice and teaching*
    Xie Yufei, Zhang Ziling, Li Xiaoli, Wu Qing
    2020, 39 (3):  51-54.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.015
    Abstract ( 183 )   PDF (690KB) ( 18 )   Save
    Pathological terms are very important components of TCM terminology, most of them, however, do not have the corresponding counterparts in Western medicine semantically. These terms are rich in connotation with profound cultural backgrounds. The translation of these pathological terms have already been undertaken while the research on the translation approaches has hardly been explored so far. From the perspective of “faithfulness” and guided by criteria of optimal approximation in translation, this paper takes “duanxie” from Synopsis of Golden Chamber as an example, analyzing its connotation and differentiating all the existing English translation versions to discuss translation approaches and provide translation suggestions. This paper also discusses how the translation approaches of TCM terms could be used in further translation practice and teaching by applying 3W teaching mode.
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    Exploration and implementation of integrating ideological and political elements into the teaching of Chinese Materia Medica*
    Liu Yu, Hao Lei, Shi Cheng, Wang Xi, Han Xue, Lu Aiyangzi, Zhang Yixin
    2020, 39 (3):  55-58.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.360
    Abstract ( 233 )   PDF (816KB) ( 41 )   Save
    Integration of ideological and political elements into the teaching of Chinese Materia Medica should be guided by the following teaching principles: teaching should be based on the needs of students; desirable learning outcomes are achieved by thorough and comprehensive teaching; proper cases should be provided and analyzed in depth; teaching content and teaching methods should stimulate students’ interests; emotional factors should be taken into consideration; and teaching should integrate moral values throughout. In terms of teaching content, we integrate traditional Chinese cultures, Chinese national spirits, and Chinese Dreams to expand the width and breadth of the teaching in order to embody the core socialist values. In terms of teaching methods, we employ multiple ways to enrich the teaching forms in order to integrate both ideological and political education and knowledge education. The above explorations will enhance the level of teaching comprehensively.
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    Exploration and introspection on integrating ideological and political elements into basic courses of Chinese Meteria Medica: Taking Inorganic Chemistry as an example
    Hu Xiao, Lin Ya, Sha Mei, Wang Yinghao, Xu Wei, Chen Li
    2020, 39 (3):  59-62.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.044
    Abstract ( 207 )   PDF (739KB) ( 18 )   Save
    In order to achieve the dual goal of “imparting knowledge” and “educating people”, as well as exploring the educational functions of basic courses in more depth, this paper explores the teaching mode of integrating ideological and political elements into basic courses from the following aspects: identifying ideological and political elements from the basic courses, re-designing teaching by integrating ideological and political elements, reinforcing the political awareness and improving teaching ability of teachers, and evaluating from the perspective of students and teachers respectively. The results show that Inorganic Chemistry integrated with ideological and political elements not only promotes students’understanding of the course, cultivates students’morality, enhances their professional confidence, but also plays a certain role in guiding students to establish a positive attitude towards life. At the same time, this integration has also improved teachers’ comprehensive quality and the ability of ideological and political education.
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    Practice of ideological and political education in Medicinal Botany based on Rain Classroom*
    Liu Changli, Wu Xiaoyi, Gao Wei
    2020, 39 (3):  63-66.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.388
    Abstract ( 199 )   PDF (704KB) ( 20 )   Save
    In order to achieve the educational goal of establishing the correct ideas and developing good moral character, the ideological and political ideas and resources should be implicitly integrated into the explicit professional knowledge. As students in the new era are characterized by Net natives who are familiar with the Internet, teachers should make the best use of this feature and apply Rain Classroom mode to facilitate students’ autonomous learning rather than dictating their learning. Teachers should cultivate students’ TCM thinking and research innovation by telling students stories of TCM masters, enlighten them to understand the meaning of life by appreciation lives of herbs, and enhance students’ confidence in TCM culture by quoting Xi Jinping’s speeches on herbs, traditional Chinese medicine and the youth.After two years of exploration in Medicinal Botany, we constructed an ideological and political mode based on Rain Classroom. This mode promoted culture construction of this course in pursuit of the truth and understanding the law of nature. It also helped students to form an idea of healthy growth.
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    Exploration and practice of integrating ideological and political elements into the teaching of Pharmaceutical Botany*
    Zhu Yun, Liu Qingguang, Liao Kai, Zhang Ke, Wang Xiangfei, Liu Wenxia, Tang Hui
    2020, 39 (3):  67-69.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.347
    Abstract ( 281 )   PDF (543KB) ( 47 )   Save
    Pharmaceutical Botany, one of the core courses of TCM Pharmacy, plays a very significant role for the subsequent study and research of TCM students. Guided by Number 6 Document issued by the Ministry of Education (MOE) on integrating ideological and political elements into the entire cultivation, Pharmaceutical Botany integrated worldviews and methodologies of dialectical materialism; and then identified the connections between Pharmaceutical Botany and the values and methodologies of dialectical materialism. The teaching aims at constructing a course embodying knowledge, competence, and value to cultivate TCM talents with both political integrity and talent in line with the needs of the society.
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    Application of integrating effective combination of acupuncture-moxibustion techniques into teaching materials*
    Ji Laixi, Cheng Yanting
    2020, 39 (3):  70-72.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.216
    Abstract ( 188 )   PDF (558KB) ( 16 )   Save
    The selection of acupoints and application of acupuncture-moxibustion techniques are the two fundamental factors. However, in acupuncture-moxibustion teaching materials, there is more emphasis on acupoints techniques. Based on the advantage of effective combination of acupuncture-moxibustion techniques, this paper put forward that the combined techniques should be implemented in the teaching, and acupuncture-moxibustion prescriptions should be modified. This teaching reform will benefit students and clinical practitioners in grasping and applying acupuncture-moxibustion techniques in practice.
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    Practice and effect analysis of significant event analysis teaching method in Dermatology*
    Zhang Huimin, He Xufeng, He Xiang, Yang Lili
    2020, 39 (3):  73-77.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.367
    Abstract ( 193 )   PDF (744KB) ( 19 )   Save
    Objectives This research aims to identify the difficulties resident doctors encountered during standardized clinical training in Dermatology department by applying significant event analysis (SEA) teaching method, and determine the impact of SEA method on students’ coping ability in clinical practice. Method Using SEA questionnaire survey, students described the impressive events in the practice of Dermatology department, reflected on the actions taken to deal with the situations, then discussed the solutions that can be provided. Teachers determined the rationality of students’ solutions before and after SEA reflections and statistically analyzed the results. Results Questionnaire survey showed the common problems encountered by medical students in Dermatology clinical practice were “difficulties in explaining informed consent”, “methods to gain patients’ trust and to improve compliance”, “difficulties in handling the elderly and child patients”, “gaps between theories and practices in clinical situations”. After SEA reflection, the proportion of students with more reasonable management plans against the problems was significantly increased. Conclusion SEA teaching method is helpful for students to acquire professional skills through in-depth reflection on their clinical experiences.
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    Construction of medical English writing courses in TCM colleges and universities*
    Shi Yulan
    2020, 39 (3):  78-81.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.196
    Abstract ( 205 )   PDF (626KB) ( 16 )   Save
    In order to improve students’ performance in medical English writing and perfect medical English writing courses construction in TCM colleges and universities, the research group conducted students’ needs analysis, teachers’ needs analysis and doctors’ needs analysis by questionnaire and interviews. We found that all subjects think it highly necessary to foster the medical English writing ability. Thus, the paper focuses on the description of medical English writing objectives, curricula,teaching methods and faculty training. We try to put forward a scientific and reasonable idea of medical English writing courses construction.
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    Reflections on the teaching reform of Classical Chinese for postgraduates of Chinese Medical History and Literature*
    Fu Jiangping, Fu Jiangying
    2020, 39 (3):  82-85.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.024
    Abstract ( 195 )   PDF (618KB) ( 27 )   Save
    Chinese Medical History and Literature is characterized by its own uniqueness and requirements apart from the general characteristics of Classical Chinese. Therefore, the teaching should consider both the general and particular features, that is, the teaching should integrate the generality of Classical Chinese to the particularity of Chinese Medical History and Literature. In terms of teaching content, we should not only retain the advantage of three-combined elements: selective readings, general theories and basic knowledge, and commonly used words, but also integrate classics of Chinese Medical History and Literature. Teaching methods should also be multiple to facilitate students’ ability to solve problems.
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