主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1003-305X CN 11-1349/R

Table of Content

    30 March 2020, Volume 39 Issue 2 Previous Issue    Next Issue
    Pursuit of Excellence: Construction cultivating mode of top innovative TCM talents*
    Jiao Nan, Zhai Shuangqing, Yan Yonghong, Yuan Na, Gu Xiaohong
    2020, 39 (2):  1-4.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.185
    Abstract ( 293 )   PDF (635KB) ( 66 )   Save
    To meet the needs of cultivating top TCM innovative talents and challenges of lacking of TCM leading figures, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine has been adhering to “Pursuit of Excellence” to fulfill the university’s mission and social responsibility in the past sixty years. Centering on the two key questions: “What are top TCM innovative talents?” and “How to cultivate top TCM innovative talents?”, the school has persistently explored and innovated the cultivating mode with the efforts of several generations. A consensus on the cultivating mode has been reached in the following aspects: identification of the concept and connotation of “top TCM innovative talents” to fulfill cultivating Objectives, construction of five-dimensional system to ensure the unity of cultivation, and application of multi-channel model. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine has played a leading role and demonstrated the practice and research of the cultivation of top TCM innovative talents.
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    Exploration and reflection on development mode of innovative TCM research teams in higher education institutions*
    Liang Xiaodong, Wang Jiafeng, Bao Xia, Shao Yumeng, Li Xiaoli, Mao Jinlong, Zhang Lei, Liu Weidong, Tang Yingxue
    2020, 39 (2):  5-7.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.261
    Abstract ( 224 )   PDF (516KB) ( 36 )   Save
    Enhancing innovative TCM research teams is an important strategy to promote the quality of research and teaching in TCM colleges and universities. Based on the practice of construction innovative TCM research team, this paper explored and summarized the following five modes: “clinical-basic-clinical” research mode, “teaching-assisting-guiding” talent cultivating mode, multi-disciplinary knowledge structure mode, autonomous management and learning mode, and fair, scientific system of assessment.
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    Bibliometric analysis of teaching methods of acupuncture and moxibustion courses*
    Hua Fanghui, Xiong Jun, Xiang jie, Huang Shouqiang
    2020, 39 (2):  8-11.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.145
    Abstract ( 186 )   PDF (785KB) ( 28 )   Save
    Objective This paper aims at conducting a bibliometric study on the teaching methods of acupuncture and moxibustion courses to provide suggestions and solutions to the teaching in the future. Methods The literature was retrieved from four databases (China National Knowledge Infrastructure, China Biomedicine Database Disc, VIP and Wanfang Data from 2001 to 2019. The main searching terms were “acupuncturology”, “meridians and acupoints”,“subject of acupuncture and moxibustion technique”, “acupuncture andmoxibustion therapy”, “experimental acupuncture and moxibustion”, and “teaching method”. By using Note Express software, we collected the relevant information according to the following categories, publication time, region, journal publication, courses involved, teaching methods, literature research types, etc. The composition ratio was calculated by statistical literature frequency, and the data of each item and its “number of publications” and “composition ratio” were included in the table. Results A total of 90 articles were included, involving 5 acupuncture courses. The main focuses of the research are PBL teaching method (84.4%), multimedia teaching method (10%) and flipped classroom (6.67%). Since 2001, the number of studies has been growing unsteadily in TCM colleges and universities especially in Liaoning, Guangzhou and Jiangxi. Most of the published journals were non-core journals (15.56%), and 32.22% were randomized controlled trial papers. Conclusion Acupuncture and moxibustion teaching methods are diverse, but teaching should be enhanced by implementing three-dimensional teaching mode, and teachers should improve the quality of their academic publications, and randomization principles should be applied in the teaching of research.
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    National survey of the current status of the discipline of Huangdi Neijing
    Lu Ying, Tang Qiaoling, Hao Yu, He Juan
    2020, 39 (2):  12-15.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.170
    Abstract ( 194 )   PDF (897KB) ( 30 )   Save
    Huangdi Neijing (Yellow Emperor’s Internal Classic), the first classic of TCM, not only makes great contributions to the development of TCM, but also plays an important role in the new medical health system. The current situation of the discipline of Huangdi Neijing, however, is not optimistic due to the shrinking of the talent team, the decline of the discipline, and the reduction of education. This national survey was conducted on the current status of the discipline of Huangdi Neijing in twenty-four TCM colleges and universities by the Neijing Branch of China Association of Chinese Medicine to investigate the impending challenges. The findings revealed the problems from five aspects, and put forward the following six corresponding solutions: attaching great importance to cultural values, enhancing discipline development, constructing talent team, improving teaching, enhancing scientific research, and establishing necessary institutions.
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    Research approach and theoretical value of “grounded theory” in theoretical construction of Warm Diseases*
    Tu Yanjie, Fang Zhaoqin, Guo Yongjie, Yang Aidong
    2020, 39 (2):  16-19.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.177
    Abstract ( 193 )   PDF (696KB) ( 40 )   Save
    Based on the analysis of the current status of theoretical developments, teaching and clinical applications of Warm Diseases, this paper pointed out that the depth and breadth of literature research on Warm Diseases was quite inadequate and should be explored in more depth. “Grounded theory” is a qualitative research methodology widely used in social sciences research. This paper introduced the research method of grounded theory, discussed the research mode and feasibility of applying it into the theoretical construction of Warm Diseases, and further identified the theoretical value and application prospect of the method. It also analyzed the problems that may appear in conducting “ground theory” research.
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    Current status, problems and solutions to the doctoral education of Mongolian medicine in China*
    Chen Luyao, Tong Haiying, Xie Hua, Hu Rilebagen, Cui Jingwen, Mi Jiu, Zhang Lin, Chen Shaohong, Wang Chun, Yang Xiuyan, Chen Chaoguang, Zhao Huihui
    2020, 39 (2):  20-23.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.114
    Abstract ( 210 )   PDF (595KB) ( 26 )   Save
    The doctoral education of Mongolian medicine is still at its preliminary stage, and a full-fledged education system has not yet been established. This paper identified the current status of the doctoral education of Mongolian medicine, analyzed such problems as lack of degree education, incoherent curriculum, inadequate teaching methods, and inadequate teaching staff. It also put forward corresponding countermeasures to improve the cultivation of high-level and innovative talents for the development of Mongolian medicine.
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    Exploration and practice of ideological and political teaching by integrating TCM culture and craftsmanship into Processing of Chinese Medicinals
    Pan Yingjie, Jin Ce, Huang Zhen, Chen Hongxi, Liang Zehua
    2020, 39 (2):  24-27.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.167
    Abstract ( 227 )   PDF (853KB) ( 36 )   Save
    Based on the concept of “people-oriented cultivating and virtue-oriented teaching” , this paper explored the practice of integrating ideological and political elements into the course processing of Chinese medicinals by setting both professional and ideological-political Objectives, utilizing ideological and political resources and integrating such factors as TCM culture and craftsmanship. Various teaching methods such as case study, discussion and PBL were adopted to enhance a comprehensive unity of teaching in knowledge, value and culture.
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    Exploration of integrating ideological and political education into Organic Chemistry for TCM majors*
    Zhang Wei, Su Jin, Yang Shuzhen, Zhang Yuanyuan
    2020, 39 (2):  28-31.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.358
    Abstract ( 236 )   PDF (686KB) ( 34 )   Save
    Integrating ideological and political education into the teaching of courses is the new requirement in higher education currently. Organic Chemistry is a very important basic course for TCM majors. This paper explored the integrating of ideological and political education into Organic Chemistry course by identifying the ideological and political elements and designing ideological and political teaching cases. This exploration combined ideological and political elements with professional knowledge, fulfilled the unity of teaching and cultivating TCM talents, and also provided experiences for further teaching reforms.
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    Approach and practice of integrating ideological and political elements into Processing of Chinese Materia Medica*
    Tang Peng, Du Hong, Li Xiangri, Hu Bing, Li Fei
    2020, 39 (2):  32-35.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.302
    Abstract ( 216 )   PDF (619KB) ( 41 )   Save
    Processing of Chinese Materia Medica, a featured course of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) enjoying independent intellectual property rights (IPR), is one of the key courses of Chinese Materia Medica. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine is one of the first TCM colleges and universities integrating ideological and political elements into courses in which students’ ideals and conviction are emphasized, cultural confidence is reinforced, and integrity of current times is promoted. Being one of the main nurtured courses to integrate ideological and political elements, this course has done some teaching reforms and this paper summarized the approaches in practice.
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    Teaching design of integrating ideological and political elements into Chinese Materia Medica under the concept of cultural confidence
    Wang Yinghao, Huang Meixia, Chu Kedan
    2020, 39 (2):  36-39.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.363
    Abstract ( 230 )   PDF (686KB) ( 31 )   Save
    This paper introduced the teaching design of integrating ideological and political elements into Chinese Meteria Medica under the concept of cultural confidence and based on TCM characteristics. On the basis of TCM background knowledge and the concept of cultural confidence, the teaching design aimed to make full use of class teaching to cultivating students. Taking Pinellia Ternata as an example, the teaching provided opportunities for students to get to know Pinellia Ternata from folklore culture, to identify it by local culture, and to have a good command of it by TCM culture. The teaching also encompassed various cases, questions for discussion, and scientific findings to arouse students’ interest in Chinese medicinals and promote their participation and interaction in class linguistically, cognitively and emotionally. This teaching design not only advanced traditional Chinese cultures and enhanced the sense of national self-confidence and pride, but also guided students to establish a correct professional ethics and social responsibility.
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    “Analogical thinking” and its application in the teaching of Basic Theories of TCM*
    Li Dingxiang, Peng Xun, Guo Rui, Liu Qin, Deng Yihui
    2020, 39 (2):  40-43.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.193
    Abstract ( 210 )   PDF (762KB) ( 43 )   Save
    “Analogical thinking”, the core thinking pattern of TCM, originated from ancient Chinese philosophies and traditional cultures is very important for beginners of TCM. TCM teachers should facilitate learners to understand the essence of analogism accurately and grasp its characteristics. Teachers also need to integrate analogical thinking into the teaching of Basic Theories of TCM from different perspectives to help students form the habit of thinking in analogism. This paper illustrated how to develop analogical thinking in teaching by two aspects: one is analogical thinking in Chinese characters, and the other is analogical thinking in the concept of harmony between man and nature. The exploration and practice of applying analogical thinking in Basic Theories of TCM will provide a teaching example for more TCM teachers.
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    Macro-structure of bilingual traditional Chinese medicine dictionaries under systematic principle of lexicography*
    Jin Huan, Fang Tingyu, Du Lilan
    2020, 39 (2):  44-49.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.376
    Abstract ( 177 )   PDF (765KB) ( 30 )   Save
    Based on the systematic principle, the primary principle of dictionary compilation, this paper analyzed the macro-structure of eight representative bilingual traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) dictionaries in terms of entries, arrangement of entries and indexes from the perspectives of TCM knowledge and lexicography system. The findings showed the following existing problems: unsystematic entries due to various standardizations of entry quantity, source, proportion and level; inconvenient searching and inefficient learning due to phonetic/shape order arrangement; lack of adequate searching approaches due to improper index locations and inadequate indexes. A well-structured bilingual TCM dictionary firstly should be TCM terminology-oriented with reliable entries sources, balanced types and proper proportion. Also, it should incorporate terms, phrases and sentences to characterize its TCM feature. Finally, sematic arrangement of entries is recommended to guarantee best productive searching outcomes possible and various types of indexes should be offered at the end of the dictionary.
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    Construction and practice of MOOC of Diagnostics of TCM (Part I)*
    Wang Tianfang, Wu Xiuyan, Xue Xiaolin, Zhao Yan, Song Yuehan, Guan Jing, Ma Jie, Yang Yiling, Li Ning, Zhao Lihong
    2020, 39 (2):  50-52.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.231
    Abstract ( 204 )   PDF (558KB) ( 32 )   Save
    Based on main content of Diagnostics of TCM, the construction and practice of MOOC of Diagnostics of TCM consists of MOOC of Four Diagnoses (Part Ⅰ) and MOOC of Pattern Differentiation (Part Ⅱ). Guided by the advanced concepts of blended learning and inquiry learning, as well as the teaching Objectives and content characteristics of the four diagnostic methods, the content of MOOC of Four Diagnoses, including the introduction and four diagnostic methods, is re-designed into 118 components and then produced into 118 short lecture videos correspondingly. Non-video content such as assignments, discussions, and exams, etc. is also re-organized to facilitate MOOC teaching and learning. So far the first part of MOOC (Four Diagnoses) has been offered free for eight rounds on the MOOC platform of Chinese universities, with more than 170,000 students selecting the course. The course makes it possible for teachers and learners to share and use the resources on and off campuses, to promote the sharing of high-quality teaching resources, and to provide a platform for the overall implementation of flipped classroom teaching in the future.
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    Advantages and disadvantages of the construction of online course Synopsis of the Golden Chamber*
    Dai Mintao, Zhang Rui
    2020, 39 (2):  53-55.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.229
    Abstract ( 192 )   PDF (533KB) ( 31 )   Save
    This paper summarized the construction of online course Synopsis of the Golden Chamber. The advantages incorporated the following aspects: flexible learning time promoting longer interaction, active participation promoting higher learning efficiency, online communication promoting more information sharing, and active thinking promoting wiser minds. However, students’ initiatives have been reduced due to decreased classroom teaching. This paper also provided some solutions to the existing problems and proposed to construct a more balanced unity with both online and offline teaching.
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    Approach and practice of undertaking Inheriting Experiences of Eminent Veteran TCM Physicians in libraries of TCM colleges and universities:A case study of the library of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine*
    Yan Juntang, Liu Xiaoqian, Li Changxiang, Liu Min, Huang Yinghua, Zou Huiqin, Wang Limin
    2020, 39 (2):  56-59.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.262
    Abstract ( 217 )   PDF (717KB) ( 28 )   Save
    The library is an important place for cultural construction and publicity. With solid research platform, rich academic resources, and comprehensive discipline teams, TCM libraries are respolsible for undertaking Inheriting Experiences of Eminent Veteran TCM Physicians from the following aspects: teasing out the experiences systematically, bringing forth new ideas innovatively, and exploring ways to promote their experiences effectively. This paper, taking the library of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine for example, introduced the library’s practice and operating model in inheriting the experiences, and further put forward the following suggestions: talent-team construction is an important guarantee, digitalization is an effective means, and innovative research method is a breakthrough.
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    Tracking survey and analysis of nursing undergraduates’ teaching quality from multiple aspects*
    Peng Ke, Guo Liqun, Wang Ruiting, Li Jiaqi, Zhou Xiaoyue, Li Xiaohua
    2020, 39 (2):  60-63.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.158
    Abstract ( 178 )   PDF (559KB) ( 18 )   Save
    Objective This paper aims at conducting a questionnaire on college nursing graduates to collect information about their clinical developments and actual ability as well as their feedbacks and their employers’ feedbacks on teaching reform of nursing education in Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. Methods A questionnaire was conducted on 215 nursing undergraduates from Grade 2015 to 2017, and 72 employers from 18 hospitals. Results Among the first four abilities emphasized by employers, the nursing graduates are doing well in the first three, which accounts for 3/4 of the proportion. However, their ability for research and innovation is relatively inadequate. The average of the first-level indicators of self-assessment of graduates’ clinical ability is distributed at 7.42-8.28, which is medium indicating a satisfactory result. Conclusion Both nursing graduates themselves as well as their employers are satisfied with the clinical performances, and the quality of nursing education is recognized. Also, the tracking survey is helpful in guiding the reform of nursing education and teaching.
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    Cross-culture adaptation survey on TCM international students: A case study of Gansu University of Chinese Medicine*
    Mu Xiurong, Li Yingdong, Qin Xiaoguang, Yao Xiaoqiang, Du Hongwei, Wang Shijie
    2020, 39 (2):  64-67.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.026
    Abstract ( 210 )   PDF (637KB) ( 39 )   Save
    This paper aims at investigating the current status of TCM international students in terms of cross-culture adaptation via online questionnaire and interview. The findings showed that psychological adaptation of TCM international students was satisfactory, yet their social adaptation should be improved, and their understanding of TCM was insufficient before they came to China. The paper also analyzed the existing problems of cross-culture adaptation in terms of psychological adaptation, social culture adaptation, individual differences, understanding of TCM, and personalized guidance of cross-culture adaptation for TCM international students. Finally, the paper put forward some solutions to the problems from the five aspects accordingly.
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    Standardized teaching system of Adverse Drug Reaction and Pharmacovigilance of TCM*
    Zhang Xiaomeng, Zhang Bing, Wu Qing, Lin Zhijian, Liu Xin
    2020, 39 (2):  68-70.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.184
    Abstract ( 199 )   PDF (538KB) ( 26 )   Save
    The course of Adverse Drug Reaction and Pharmacovigilance of TCM, first established by Beijing University of Chinese Medicine in 1999, is a featured course relating with drug reaction and has been awarded national quality course for years of efforts. The course has gradually formed the standardized teaching system through the following four stages: featured teaching content, quality teaching materials, flipped-classroom teaching, and diversified assessment system. The course not only meets the teaching Objectives, but also gradually develops its own teaching characteristics enhancing to cultivate the talents with the awareness of drug use safety.
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    Application of integrative teaching in Formulas of TCM
    Liu Hongyan, Zhou Zhihuan, Fu Shufei
    2020, 39 (2):  71-73.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.162
    Abstract ( 196 )   PDF (503KB) ( 26 )   Save
    Formulas of TCM teaching should enhance students’ ability to integrate TCM knowledge with actual learning. This paper explored a comprehensive teaching of Formulas of TCM under the guidance of yin-yang theory, five elements theory, zang-fu theory, qi and blood theory, meridian and collateral theory as well as etiology and pathogenesis, emphasizing the systematicness of TCM knowledge. The integrative teaching is helpful for students to foster a basic knowledge system of TCM, and lay a solid foundation for the study of the clinical courses.
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    Research and practice of online resources-based flipped classroom teaching in Basic Theories of TCM*
    Wang Yilan, Wang Tong
    2020, 39 (2):  74-76.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.130
    Abstract ( 191 )   PDF (529KB) ( 26 )   Save
    Basic theories of TCM is an introduction course for TCM majors. The teaching adopted flipped classroom with shared online teaching resources not only helps students to learn and grasp TCM theories and methodologies better, but also enhances their learning ability. The teaching model included the following phases: assigning active, autonomous and open activities before class, presenting teaching outcomes at different stages by reporting and presentations, applying multiple assessments to evaluate teaching effects and further enhancing teaching and learning.
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    Application of PBL teaching in General Surgery
    Zhang Jiakui, Li Yongshuang
    2020, 39 (2):  77-79.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.156
    Abstract ( 207 )   PDF (512KB) ( 42 )   Save
    Problem-based learning (PBL) model in the teaching of General Surgery arms at enhancing students’ knowledge and clinical ability in general surgery as well as team spirit. The author selected 80 students from 2016 clinical department according to the test results. The experimental group (Group A) and control group (Group B) adopted “problem-based learning model (PBL)” and “lecture-based traditional education model (Lecture-based learning, LBL)” respectively. Students’examination results and questionnaires were used to evaluate both teachings. The findings showed that Group A’s final examination scores are significantly different from those of Group B (P<0.05), the average scores of Group A in multiple choices, definitions, short-answer questions as well as case discussions are higher than those of Group B. Additionally, Group A’s team corporation and clinical thinking ability are better and their satisfaction with teaching is higher compared with those of Group B (P<0.05). This paper summarized that PBL teaching model can not only promote students to master the basic knowledge of general surgery, but also are significantly superior to the traditional teaching model in cultivating students’clinical thinking and other comprehensive qualities.
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    Exploration of identifying and implementing ideological and political elements in Formulas of TCM
    Zhang Lin, Wang Liangbin, Gao Lin, Wang Tan, Wu Xiaodan
    2020, 39 (2):  80-82.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.259
    Abstract ( 312 )   PDF (726KB) ( 44 )   Save
    Integrating ideological and political elements into courses in higher education aims at fulfilling the Objective of cultivating people with knowledge and morality. This paper identified the following four ideological and political elements from Formulas of TCM: social responsibilities based on people and life, medical expertise and ethics, traditional cultural identification, and pragmatic and innovative spirits. The implementing of the integration included curriculum design, presentations in class, and interaction among students. The reform is very significant in promoting students’ morality and cultivating them into TCM talents with integrity and ability.
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    Exploration of integrating ideological and political teaching into Warm Diseases*
    Liu Guo, Zhao Yansong, Yu He, Liu Tiegang, Gu Xiaohong
    2020, 39 (2):  83-85.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.02.149
    Abstract ( 228 )   PDF (581KB) ( 33 )   Save
    Based on the academic connotation, inheritance and specialized characteristics of Warm Diseases, the teaching highlights patriotism, social responsibilities, and cultural confidence by exemplifying historical stories of fighting against infectious diseases. Those achievements of the eminent doctors in combating febrile diseases can be distilled into core values and integrated into vividly and effectively. Students are guided to realize that the development of TCM is closely related to the rise and fall of the Chinese nation. The teaching of Warm Diseases integrated with ideological and political elements will further inspire students’ patriotism in contributing to the cause of China’s great rejuvenation.
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