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    Investigation on major selection among undergraduates of TCM colleges and universities with corresponding strategies
    HU LI-wei, LUO Wei-ming
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2016, 35 (6): 48-51.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2016.06.198
    Abstract437)      PDF(pc) (994KB)(2834)       Save
    Development trend of higher education requires that students’ subjectivity should be respected to increase degree of educational satisfaction. Selecting and learning in a satisfactory major will have direct influence on one’s whole life. Questionnaire survey and interview were conducted in 5 TCM colleges and universities to understand present situation and problems in college students’ major selection. Main influence factors and degree of satisfaction about major selection were analyzed. Zhejiang provincial conception of “educational selection” was used for reference to offer proposals from three aspects of the society, colleges and universities, and middle schools.
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    Reflection on problems, significance and measures for campus culture construction in new campus——A case study of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
    BAI Jun-jie, JIAO Nan, WU Yu-feng, ZHANG Xiao-yong, CHEN Zi-jie, ZHAI Shuang-qing
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2016, 35 (6): 4-6.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2016.06.038
    Abstract472)      PDF(pc) (985KB)(1780)       Save
    With rapid development of China’s higher education since 1990s, many universities have constructed their new campuses. This not only helps enlarge school-running space and scale, but also satisfy public need of higher education. However, the absence of campus maternal culture becomes a common problem among new campuses. Aiming at this phenomenon, this paper takes Beijing University of Chinese Medicine as an example to systematically analyze existing problems in new campus construction in order to emphasize the significance of campus maternal culture.
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    Preserving characteristics of Lingnan medicine and deepening international cooperation to promote higher education reform of TCM
    XU Neng-gui
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2016, 35 (5): 1-3.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2016.05.065
    Abstract454)      PDF(pc) (976KB)(1602)       Save
    The most common problems existing in higher education of TCM are homogenization and localization. Aiming at requirement and tendency of modem education reform and development in higher education of TCM, the author summarized the teaching characteristics and effects of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, and proposed new ideas of TCM talent training by “inheriting characteristics of Lingnan medicine and deepening international cooperation”, in order to deepen the reform of TCM higher education by using experience abroad for reference and “stressing study of classic and emphasizing clinical practice.”
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    Cultivating TCM graduate students’ executive force in scientific research
    LIU Qi, XING Wen-wen, DU Ping, ZHANG Cheng-shun, LV Peng, WU Qiao-feng, YIN Hai-yan, LU Sheng-feng, TANG Yong, YU Shu-guang
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (4): 39-41.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.04.484
    Abstract518)      PDF(pc) (1936KB)(940)       Save
    Postgraduate students have become an important force of scientific research in colleges and universities. TCM graduate students are faced with many challenges such as insufficient modern biological technologies and scientific research platforms. Their team members are changing every year, so it is hard to form a research team that is of stable scientific research executive force. On the basis of many years experience, this paper tried to explore ways to train scientific research team that has stable executive force in colleges and universities. Cultivating team culture, stimulating initiatives, and forming motivation systems were discussed.
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    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (4): 75-77.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.04.140
    Abstract464)      PDF(pc) (1035KB)(903)       Save
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    Unified TCM textbooks for higher education from the first to the fourth version
    LI You-bai, ZHU Liang, BU Da, SUN Sun
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2017, 36 (1): 74-76.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2017.01.241
    Abstract291)      PDF(pc) (963KB)(831)       Save
    This article introduces the background of compiling unified TCM textbooks for higher education from the 1st to 4th edition; briefly analyzes basic publishing information about the bibliography, publication date, word number, format and publisher; and summarizes the characteristics of each edition of uniform textbooks in respects of content, compiling style, textbook system and general feature. By introducing and exploring the above matters, the meaning of studies on early uniform textbooks to the construction of current uniform textbook is emphasized.
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    Cited: Baidu(1)
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2014, 33 (6): 80-82.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2014.06.125
    Abstract548)      PDF(pc) (971KB)(828)       Save
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    Culturing talents on base of cultural connotation: ideological and political education on teaching of Chinese materia medica course
    Yuan Ying, Zhu Guofu, Yang Baican, Wang Haiying, Pan Yingyi, He Shimin, Zhang Guibiao, Wang Youwen, Jin Su’an
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2018, 37 (4): 27-30.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2018.04.057
    Abstract385)      PDF(pc) (1020KB)(788)       Save
    The traditional ideological and political education is combined with specialty coursed to reach all-dimensional reform target of training students with culture. The moral education is infused in teaching of Chinese materia medica course for implementing training students with course. The resource of ideological and political education is excavated, course system is perfected, and map of ideological and political education is drawn based on Chinese excellent traditional culture. Through diversification blending, the warm classroom is built for improving autonomous learning and setting-up self-confidence in student. The teachers need to change ideas, break traditional model of separating specialty courses and ideological and political education, and promote moral and cultural quality. The spiritual guidance of ideal and faith is integrated skillfully with professional knowledge for improving experience, feeling, comprehension and sublimation in students.
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    Practical exploration on textbook-teaching-network platform mode of reform
    ZHU Zhen, ZHANG Shi-qin, ZHOU Xue-ping, JIN Gui-lan, ZHAO Xin-hua
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (4): 30-32.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.04.610
    Abstract514)      PDF(pc) (1049KB)(695)       Save
    With the increasing requirements from the society for modern medical students, colleges and universities are faced with big challenge to set higher standard on teaching TCM courses and cultivating students’ TCM clinical thinking ability. This paper took teaching TCM rheumatology as an example to conduct teaching reform from three parts: reforming textbook, applying case study teaching method, and making use of network platform. The purpose was to improve clinical course teaching quality through this comprehensive teaching reform.
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    On training of English majored talents in higher institutions of TCM
    CAO Jun, LI Jing, WU Qing, XU Fang
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (6): 29-32.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.06.372
    Abstract434)      PDF(pc) (1055KB)(656)       Save
    This paper conducted an investigation of language practice status among English majored students in our university. From the questionnaire survey among senior students and the graduates, practice teaching and specialty building achievements were reviewed. Existing problems were dealt with. Consideration and discussion were given to optimizing course offering, adjusting teaching contents, and enhancing practice teaching management so as to provide reference for training English majored talents in higher institutions of TCM.
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    Brief remarks on imagery thinking in teaching TCM diagnostics
    CHE Zhi-ying,YAO Tao,MA Jie,HE Lei,LI Feng
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (5): 26-28.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.05.155
    Abstract631)      PDF(pc) (1021KB)(655)       Save
    Imagery thinking in TCM is not only a kind of continuation of visual thinking, but also inheritance of medical concept. This paper attempts to elaborate it on four aspects, which includes the origin and interpretation of imagery thinking, its embodiment in TCM culture and performance in TCM diagnostics, and our reflection on imagery thinking. The focus is on expounding imagery thinking as a typical performance of TCM thinking mode, and on how to get it run through the teaching of TCM diagnostics.
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    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (5): 65-67.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.05.236
    Abstract428)      PDF(pc) (1018KB)(649)       Save
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    Consideration on compiling the 13 th Five-Year Plan Textbook of the Treatise on Febrile Diseases based on “two emphases” and “four combinations”
    LIU Min,WANG Qing-guo
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (5): 68-70.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.05.220
    Abstract476)      PDF(pc) (1018KB)(646)       Save
    The textbook of Treatise on Febrile Diseases will be innovated and improved during the 13 th Five-Year Period. The guiding principle for new textbook compilation will put equal emphasis to both inheritance and innovation, and knowledge transference and ability training. Conflicts between pre-clinic and clinic, ancient and modern concept, theory and practice, and universalization and individuation will be duly handled to form an organic combination. The revised parts will be embodied in the following: 1. Two chapters of medical school of the Han dynasty and classical prescriptions and their application will be added to the overview section; 2. Contents of modified classical prescriptions and their clinical application will be added; 3. Contents of latest modern research achievements will be added; Zhizichi Decoction syndrome, Baihu Jia Renshen Decoction syndrome and Zhuling Decoction syndrome will be moved from the heat syndrome section to the deteriorated case section. 5. Arrangement order of the Song dynasty text will be added to the appendix section.
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    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (4): 73-74.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.04.603
    Abstract444)      PDF(pc) (1020KB)(640)       Save
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    DOPS based effective feedback method for clinical noviciate of TCM internal medicine
    XIAO Yong-hua, REN Chuan-yun, WANG Shi-dong, SUN Hui-yi, ZHU Li, CHU Zhen-zhen, ZHAO Jin-xi
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (4): 66-69.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.04.462
    Abstract532)      PDF(pc) (1038KB)(637)       Save
    Mastery of TCM four diagnostic methods and learning to write case report are two important contents of clinical noviciate of TCM internal medicine. But there are some difficulties in both teaching and learning aspects. This paper adopted DOPS based effective feedback method to conduct teaching reform. The teachers were required to observe students’ feedback of their mastery of the four diagnostic methods, and their interactive group assignments of case reports. It was found out that this method helped to improve students’ clinical comprehensive qualities, and obtain good effect in teaching practice.
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    “Introduction of ‘Compendium of Acupuncture and Moxibustion’ ”: an innovation textbook in “13th Five-Year Plan” for higher TCM education
    Chen Bo, Chen Yilin, Wen Jingrong, Pan Xingfang, Li Zhongzheng, Guo Yi
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2018, 37 (4): 78-80.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2018.04.473
    Abstract347)      PDF(pc) (1037KB)(632)       Save
    The background, characteristics and guiding thought of compiling “Introduction of ‘Compendium of Acupuncture and Moxibustion’ ” is introduced, including selecting carefully master copy for restore “Compendium of Acupuncture and Moxibustion”, revealing the research progresses by contemporary scholars based on collation, respecting compiling principles, and keeping original content but refactoring chapters. The compiling structure, chapter outline and reasons of chaptering are introduced. “Introduction of ‘Compendium of Acupuncture and Moxibustion’ ” stresses teaching guidance for students in aspects of reading, studying, understanding, thinking and applying, and protrudes the completion of theory, methods, acupoints and technique of acupuncture and moxibustion. At the same time of improving theory accomplishment, to strengthen training of clinical practical skills is emphasized.
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    Application of student-centered flipped classroom in teaching pathophysiology course
    LIU Hui-ping, GU Xu-yu, ZHANG Guo-ming, Yu Rong, GE Jin-wen, HUANG Shan-shan
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (4): 33-35.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.04.605
    Abstract543)      PDF(pc) (1207KB)(625)       Save
    Objective To discuss application and effect of flipped classroom in the teaching of pathophysiology and form new teaching thoughts. Methods Shock chapter of the textbook was selected. Teaching plan based on the flipped classroom mode was designed and complemented. Control experiment and questionnaire survey were conducted to compare students’ learning effects. Results The experiment group scored 82.48 while the control group scored 80.71 on average. In terms of excellent (scoring above 90) rate, the experiment group was 5.31% higher than the control group. The experiment group was 10.26% higher than and 15.39% lower than the control group in terms of the rates scoring between 80 and 89, and scoring below 80. Conclusion Application of flipped classroom in teaching pathophysiology can serve to improve students’ scores and stimulate their learning interest.
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    Cited: Baidu(5)
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (5): 56-58.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.05.125
    Abstract379)      PDF(pc) (1020KB)(622)       Save
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    Ritual connotation-based exploration on significance of teaching Zhang Zhongjing’s original preface
    ZHANG Tao, MA Ming-yue, ZHANG Guo-jun
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2016, 35 (1): 34-35.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2016.01.288
    Abstract491)      PDF(pc) (1055KB)(614)       Save
    In the teaching of the Treatise on Febrile Diseases, the section of “Zhang Zhongjing’s original preface” is not only an introduction to the writer and background of the written time, but it also possesses vital teaching significance. Teaching activities are of certain ritual connotation and they are of more value for teaching of TCM classics. It is supposed to play a vital role to manifest ritual connotation of the original preface and to interpret its ritual significance so that teaching objective can be fulfilled and students’ confidence and determination can be built in learning TCM.
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    Investigation of effect of innovative entrepreneurship training activities onnurturing of students’ innovative entrepreneurial ability
    ZHANG Xiao-yong, FAN Lu, WANG Ying, GAO Peng, YIN Ran, LIU Dan-tong
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (4): 51-54.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.04.649
    Abstract491)      PDF(pc) (1057KB)(613)       Save
    Objective To understand the effect of innovative entrepreneurship training activities on the nurturing of students’ innovative entrepreneurial ability, and to seek effective ways and methods. Methods Descriptive studies and T-test method were used. Results There was a difference (P<0.05) between the students who participated in the training activities and those who didn’t take part in such activities in all four aspects of metacognition factor, creative ability factor, psychological enduring capacity factor, and practical ability factor. Conclusion Innovative entrepreneurship training activities have certain function of improving students’ innovative entrepreneurial ability. Fundamental courses should be set up for innovative entrepreneurship training activities. Training process management should be strengthened. Entrepreneurial practice platform should be constructed. These methods can help cultivate students’ innovative entrepreneurial ability.
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    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (5): 14-17.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.05.704
    Abstract415)      PDF(pc) (1149KB)(610)       Save
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    Study on reform and innovation of TCM talent training in the period of the new normal
    PAN Hua-feng,WANG Zheng,YAN Yan,LAI Qiu-hua,REN Jin-ling
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (5): 1-3.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.05.204
    Abstract513)      PDF(pc) (1018KB)(605)       Save
    The new normal and new act to promote TCM higher educational reform is to adapt to the mode of innovation-driven intensive development. First, with the reform of the education system as the focal point, the new mechanism of education mode with four statuses and one system should be constructed relying on CEEUSRO. Secondly, the process of education reform should be taken as an important path, to achieve a recombination of course education relying on the market orientation and the occupation post demand. Thirdly, the output of education reform should be regarded as the standard to establish a new system of education quality evaluation depending on the paper and scientific research achievements.
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    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (4): 81-82.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.04.404
    Abstract455)      PDF(pc) (1155KB)(598)       Save
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    Application and effectiveness evaluation of training method of pulse-chart drawing in teaching of pulse diagnosis
    WANG Jing, QU Hong-da, DUAN Xin-fen, YU Jie-ying, XU Wen-xue
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2017, 36 (3): 17-20.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2017.03.406
    Abstract313)      PDF(pc) (1111KB)(593)       Save
    The training method of pulse-chart drawing is a practical training method for assisting teaching, which is established according to the abstract and indigestible characteristics of pulse condition in teaching of pulse diagnosis. The teaching effectiveness was superior in test group to that in control group after compared between pulse-chart drawing combining conventional theory teaching and conventional theory teaching. This method can concretize pulse condition through strengthening psychological construction during the course of pulse diagnosis. Students can enhance their comprehension to pulse condition and get three-dimensional image through pulse-chart drawing. The teaching effectiveness has been improved.
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    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (5): 53-55.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.05.126
    Abstract375)      PDF(pc) (1018KB)(585)       Save
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    Classroom instructional design under guidance of scientific research thoughts ——Enlightenment from teaching design reform in Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine
    ZHANG Bo-li, ZHOU Gui-tong, ZHANG Zhi-guo
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2016, 35 (3): 1-3.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2016.03.081
    Abstract424)      PDF(pc) (915KB)(581)       Save
    TCM classroom instructional design should be carried out under guidance of scientific research concepts. The design basis should be objective, and the process should be systematic. The design should conform to law of education and embody logicality and innovation of teaching. Well-designed classroom teaching is of great significance to improving classroom quality, increasing learning effect, and fulfilling student-centered educational concept.
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    Animal ethics problems of experiment teaching in TCM colleges and universities
    HUANG Shan-shan, LIU Hui-ping, ZHANG Guo-min, WANG Hong-bao, GE Jin-wen, XIAO Yi
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2016, 35 (2): 36-38.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2016.02.585
    Abstract587)      PDF(pc) (960KB)(577)       Save
    Experimental animal is an important part of clinical training in medical education, so it is necessary to support the training of students’ ability. Experimental teaching needs a large number of experimental animals and animal experimental ethics problem has gradually attracted people’s attention. In the teaching process, we find that medical students’ cognition on animal ethics needs to be perfected. They should be taught to show due respect to experimental animals. In theoretical courses, we use medical ethics to study the moral issues in medical field, and we also need to guide the students to learn how to respect the experimental animals in experiment courses. In this regard, from undergraduate teaching we began using a variety of ways to enhance the teaching of knowledge of animal ethics, such as strengthening students’ classroom education and extracurricular counseling, strengthening teachers’ training and improving animal laboratory environment in order to strengthen medical students’ awareness of animal rights.
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    Education of Chinese Medicine    2014, 33 (1): 84-85.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2014.01.280
    Abstract272)      PDF(pc) (965KB)(571)       Save
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    Flipped classroom based “internet plus classroom” mode applied in teaching TCM internal medicine
    MENG Li-feng, YANG Duan-yun, SU Sheng-yong
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2017, 36 (1): 28-32.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2017.01.124
    Abstract318)      PDF(pc) (977KB)(563)       Save
    Internet information technology not only brings challenge to traditional medicine educational mode, but also leads to innovation in medical teaching and learning mode. Flipped classroom is a new teaching mode which is based on internet information technology to realize effective overturn of traditional medicine education. This paper introduces what the flipped classroom is, and investigates the problem and feasibility of its application in the teaching of TCM internal medicine. This mode is believed to have a bright future in TCM internal medicine teaching practice.
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    Cited: Baidu(4)
    Comparative study of experimental acupuncture textbooks
    LIU Yang-yang, ZHAO Xue, GUO Yi, WANG Xiu-yun
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2016, 35 (6): 70-74.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2016.06.186
    Abstract277)      PDF(pc) (1030KB)(542)       Save
    This paper introduced the development process of experimental acupuncture textbooks, compared their content and written form, in order to find the advantages and defects of these textbooks in three aspects of developmental features, exploratory features and foundational features. It is hoped to provide a reference for future textbook writing.
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    Integrating ideological and political elements into Pharmaceutical Administration and Regulations *
    Shen Qun, Dai Jiaojiao, Zhang Chunhui
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (6): 58-61.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.341
    Abstract106)      PDF(pc) (1107KB)(538)       Save
    The purpose of ideological and political education in Pharmaceutical Administration and Regulations is to cultivate students' awareness of the rule of law, quality, responsibility and service, and also to cultivate the socialist professional ethics of pharmacy. The course is based on the knowledge and skills of Pharmaceutical Administration and Regulations, integrating the following elements into teaching, such as positive influence of celebrities, reflection and discussion of cases, motivation of brand stories, reconsideration of film and television, and evaluation of online resources. Students are able to perceive scientific spirit, patriotism, professional ethics, and learning attitudes inside and outside classroom in a subtle way like “the rain moistening the crops gently and silently”. The evaluation of ideological and political education can be obtained through questionnaire, reflection and message sharing.
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    Research of employment effect of the new medical reform on medical students: A case study of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
    ZHANG Yan-ling,ZHENG Shi-chao,JIANG Lu-di,ZHAO Na,DAI Sheng-yun,LIU Bing-lin,AI-Lu
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (5): 11-13.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.05.661
    Abstract472)      PDF(pc) (1142KB)(526)       Save
    The full implementation of the new medical reform brings opportunities and challenges to the medical college students' employment. In order to analyze the influence of new medical reform policy on medical and pharmaceutical students' employment, the Internet questionnaire was implemented by the medical and pharmaceutical students of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. This research analyzed and discussed their employment intention under the influence of new medical reform to promote their employment status. Guidance was also provided by present study for their rational employment.
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    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (5): 59-61.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.05.269
    Abstract423)      PDF(pc) (1022KB)(525)       Save
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    J4   
    New thought on education of ecological ethics with holistic view of integration of man and nature in universities of traditional Chinese medicine
    FANG Nan
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2014, 33 (5): 50-53.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2014.05.097
    Abstract411)      PDF(pc) (1004KB)(522)       Save
    By analyzing ecological ethical thought in traditional Chinese medicine, this paper holds that reinforcing education of ecological ethics in TCM colleges and universities is of great significance in developing humanistic quality education, consolidating professional concepts, and training thinking mode typical of Chinese medicine as well. Meanwhile consideration is given to herb compatibility by following the principle of “monarch-minister-assistanassistant-guide” so as to carry out education of ecological ethics in reasonable way.
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    Relevant international standards as a supplement to bilingual textbook of acupuncture and moxibustion
    TIAN Kai-yu
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (6): 70-72.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.06.093
    Abstract438)      PDF(pc) (1033KB)(521)       Save
    Bilingual education of acupuncture and moxibustion has been conducted in many TCM colleges and universities. It is necessary to ensure bilingual textbook construction paced with bilingual teaching of the course. WHO and ISO acupuncture and moxibustion related international standards should be introduced into the course book. Hence, relevant contents have been added in different chapters of introduction, meridians and acupoints, acupuncture techniques and acupuncture treatment in the bilingual textbook.
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    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (4): 46-47.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.04.494
    Abstract492)      PDF(pc) (1020KB)(520)       Save
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    Education of Chinese Medicine    2015, 34 (6): 46-48.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2015.06.144
    Abstract387)      PDF(pc) (1029KB)(518)       Save
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    Concept discrimination of zhongman (fullness in the middle) and piman (stuffiness and fullness)
    WU Chun-yan, ZHANG Lin, GUO Xia-zhen
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2017, 36 (6): 80-82.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2017.06.430
    Abstract302)      PDF(pc) (1010KB)(506)       Save
    In learning of TCM classics and clinical teaching, the cognition, understand and differentiation of the concepts of zhongman (fullness in the middle) and piman (stuffiness and fullness) are frequently encountered. These concepts often appear in works by doctors of all dynasties. They are difficult to distinguish and cause confusion in teaching and clinical practice. The authors consider that piman (stuffiness and fullness) is induced by spleen-stomach dysfunction, uncontrolled upward and downward of qi and stomach-qi congestion, location of disease is below heart, and conscious symptoms are epigastric distention and fullness with the features of intangible by touch and soft and painless by press. While zhongman (fullness in the middle) is induced by disorders of spleen-qi transportation, disharmony of spleen and stomach in the middle energizer, and symptoms are gastric and abdominal distention and fullness and constant pain as clinical features. They have similar pathogenesis, but different locations and symptoms and signs, so diagnosis and therapies are different in teaching and clinical practice.
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    Education of Chinese Medicine    2014, 33 (6): 29-31.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2014.06.223
    Abstract487)      PDF(pc) (975KB)(498)       Save
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