主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1003-305X CN 11-1349/R

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    Exploration and practice of integrating ideological and political elements into the teaching of Pharmaceutical Botany *
    Zhu Yun, Liu Qingguang, Liao Kai, Zhang Ke, Wang Xiangfei, Liu Wenxia, Tang Hui
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 67-69.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.347
    Abstract324)      PDF(pc) (543KB)(60)       Save
    Pharmaceutical Botany, one of the core courses of TCM Pharmacy, plays a very significant role for the subsequent study and research of TCM students. Guided by Number 6 Document issued by the Ministry of Education (MOE) on integrating ideological and political elements into the entire cultivation, Pharmaceutical Botany integrated worldviews and methodologies of dialectical materialism; and then identified the connections between Pharmaceutical Botany and the values and methodologies of dialectical materialism. The teaching aims at constructing a course embodying knowledge, competence, and value to cultivate TCM talents with both political integrity and talent in line with the needs of the society.
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    Emergency management mode of college students during COVID-19 outbreak: Taking Beijing University of Chinese Medicine as an example
    Li Wei, Zhao Na, Ai Hua, Wang Yaoxian
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 23-26.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.086
    Abstract272)      PDF(pc) (677KB)(66)       Save
    Confronted with “postponing the start of school but not suspending education” during COVID-19 outbreak, Beijing University of Chinese Medicine has taken the following countermeasures: conducting a thorough screening for detailed information of 7805 students, setting up a database for their daily activities, establishing an emergency prevention-control team; and working out an emergency plan. During the sudden epidemic outbreak, we implemented the multi-dimensional management mode in terms of time, space, people and events. The management mode has achieved desirable outcomes in both successful prevention and control the spread of COVID-19, and also innovative exploration of classified management of students.
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    Countermeasures of psychological impacts of COVID-19 on TCM college students *
    Li Xiuyan, Wang Yanhong, Lv Shaowa, Guan Qingxia, Wang Qiuying, Zang Lingling, Wang Boyan, Li Yongji
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 19-22.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.080
    Abstract263)      PDF(pc) (729KB)(44)       Save
    During the outbreak of COVID-19, colleges students are required to stay at home and learn online. This new situation has imposed such challenges to college students as information overload, trauma stress, psychological changes, crisis of trust, safety of going abroad, and employment. This paper provides the understanding of epidemic situations and information of the major events during the epidemic periods from the perspective of TCM specialists. Together with the past experiences of epidemic psychological impacts on college students, this paper highlights the outstanding contributions of medical staff in fighting against epidemics, emphasizes the party’s strong leadership and the unity of the people during the epidemic outbreak, and stresses the significant role TCM in battling the epidemic. Guided by the above principles, colleges students are facilitated to adjust their attitudes, re-identify their goals, reconstruct their habits to get rid of negative emotions. Besides, stories of those dedicated people and their bravery deeds should be gathered, designed into course cases in combination with TCM knowledge. The author believes that the implementation of well-designed courses will not only enhance students’ enthusiasm for TCM, sense of national pride, and their self-esteem, but also stabilize their state of mind, as well as restoring their optimistic and positive learning state.
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    Exploration and implementation of integrating ideological and political elements into the teaching of Chinese Materia Medica *
    Liu Yu, Hao Lei, Shi Cheng, Wang Xi, Han Xue, Lu Aiyangzi, Zhang Yixin
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 55-58.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.360
    Abstract262)      PDF(pc) (816KB)(48)       Save
    Integration of ideological and political elements into the teaching of Chinese Materia Medica should be guided by the following teaching principles: teaching should be based on the needs of students; desirable learning outcomes are achieved by thorough and comprehensive teaching; proper cases should be provided and analyzed in depth; teaching content and teaching methods should stimulate students’ interests; emotional factors should be taken into consideration; and teaching should integrate moral values throughout. In terms of teaching content, we integrate traditional Chinese cultures, Chinese national spirits, and Chinese Dreams to expand the width and breadth of the teaching in order to embody the core socialist values. In terms of teaching methods, we employ multiple ways to enrich the teaching forms in order to integrate both ideological and political education and knowledge education. The above explorations will enhance the level of teaching comprehensively.
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    Cogitation on the disciplinary construction of Infectious Diseases during COVID-19 pandemic *
    Gu Xiaohong
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 1-3.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.224
    Abstract258)      PDF(pc) (625KB)(34)       Save
    This paper identified the existing problems and causes of TCM treatment and prevention against infectious diseases during COVID-19 outbreak. The author pointed out that the disciplinary construction of Infectious Diseases integrating both TCM and Western medicine should be at the top of the agenda. The construction should alse be problem-based and goals-oriented with long-term planning. Confronted with current challenges, the author put forward the following countermeasures in disciplinary construction of Infectious Diseases: raising the political awareness and strengthening cultural confidence; reinforcing interdisciplinary and cross-boundary corporations to construct integrative discipline of Infectious Diseases; improving clinical treatment capacity by integrating TCM with Western medicine; inheriting TCM essences by attaching great importance to TCM classics and experiences of eminent TCM doctors; raising the level of scientific research by platform construction; enhancing the construction of talent team; and establishing the long-term mechanism. The reinforcing of the disciplinary construction of Infectious Diseases integrating both TCM and Western medicine will give full play to the advantages of TCM in preventing and treating infectious diseases, and it is also of great significance to the inheritance and innovation of TCM.
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    Quality control of online TCM teaching and learning during the fight against COVID-19
    Xiang Leyuan, Wang Lin, Hu Hongyi, Mao Huan, Wang Yimin, Zha Jianlin, Shen Yuhong, Jin Yong, Shu Jing
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 27-31.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.087
    Abstract253)      PDF(pc) (798KB)(58)       Save
    Online teaching not only provides us opportunities to adopt new teaching methods, but also imposes us challenges to conduct quality control of online teaching and learning during COVID-19 pandemic. How to enhance online teaching and learning is a pressing issue currently. The research conducted a survey on student analysis in 12 TCM colleges and universities. Guided by the principles of in-depth learning, together with the findings of the survey, this paper put forward standards of quality control for online TCM teaching and learning, identifying learning objectives, increasing the challenge degree of online tasks, reinforcing effective interaction between teachers and students, enhancing mutual supporting among teachers, and implementing supervision of teaching and learning. It offers effective reference for the design, implementation and evaluation of online TCM teaching and learning.
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    Reflections and countermeasures of admission doctoral students during COVID-19 pandemic: Taking the discipline of TCM as an example *
    Jiang Youming, Zhang Liping, Fan Lu, Zhang Qian, Zhang Hong
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 32-35.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.119
    Abstract251)      PDF(pc) (636KB)(21)       Save
    Since December 2019, the epidemic spread of COVID-19 has brought great challenges to the 2020 enrollment of doctoral candidates. If the traditional onsite exams cannot be organized due to COVID-19 outbreak, the impending challenge the Ministry of Education (MOE) confronted with is to optimize and improve an assessment system to construct a scientific, standardized and feasible enrollment mode, thus guaranteeing the safety of candidates and teaching staff as well and ensuring the fairness, impartiality and openness of the admission. Based on the current investigations and surveys, this paper summarizes the experimental practice of “application-admission assessment system” of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, clarifies major problems where the accommodation with the new enrollment is necessary, and puts forward countermeasures and suggestions to solve the problems. It is expected to provide other high education institutions with some references in decision-making and solutions to the doctoral-student enrollment under the current circumstance, and in the long run, contribute new ways to further optimize and comprehensively implement the “application-admission assessment system”.
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    Teaching strategies of “non-stoppin teaching and learning” during COVID-19 pandemic: Taking Immunology Basis and Pathogenic Biology as an example *
    Wei Ke, He Qinghu, Lu Fangguo, Chen Lingli, Hu Jue
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 13-15.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.067
    Abstract251)      PDF(pc) (558KB)(49)       Save
    The Ministry of Education (MOE) postponed the start of the spring semester to prevent the spreading of COVID-19, and MOE also deployed “non-stopping teaching and learning” scheme to counteract the suspension of teaching. This paper reviewed the teaching reform of Immunology Basis and Pathogenic Biology in Hunan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine and summarized the following five strategies: using information technology to explore online teaching and learning resources; organizing teachers to reinforce online tutorials; improving teaching methods to arouse student’s interests; integrating related parts of the teaching content to enhance students’ ability to fight epidemics, and emphasizing the sense of mission to cultivate the spirit of dedication. The reform proved practical by applying online teaching and learning platform and provided reference for the future online teaching of Immunology Basis and Pathogenic Biology.
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    Study on the new mode of TCM inheritance teaching of undergraduates: Taking Zhejiang Chinese Medical University as an example
    Li Junwei, Chen Jian, Zhang Yizhou, Wu Jiannong, Lu Jianhua, Ding Xi
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 39-41.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.327
    Abstract244)      PDF(pc) (1090KB)(40)       Save
    Teaching not closely associated with clinical practices has been the problem of current TCM undergraduate teaching. Under the threefold guidance of “studying the TCM classics-learning from the eminent TCM physicians-training in clinical practices”, Zhejing Chinese Medical University innovated a TCM inheritance teaching mode of undergraduates by making fully use of the high-quality facilities and resources of the affiliated and teaching hospitals as well as the Internet technology. Guided by eminent TCM physicians, students have broadened their horizons, made closer, more in-depth and comprehensive study in clinical practices, thus improved their TCM clinical competence.
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    A visualized analysis of hot research topics of Education of Chinese Medicine in the past 25 years
    Wang Xiaoxuan, Jiao Nan, Yuan Na, Wu Yue, Zhai Shuangqing
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 42-46.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.030
    Abstract243)      PDF(pc) (1145KB)(31)       Save
    This paper first retrieves the articles of Education of Chinese Medicine from Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) between 1995 and 2019, analyzing them according to numbers of papers published, citation frequency, downloads, and hot research topics, and then visualizes the data by CiteSpace. Based on these data, altogether 4,373 articles are collected, each with 2.87 average citation frequency and 112.65 average downloads. These articles indicate that the main research focuses are teaching reform, talents cultivation, teaching methods, TCM colleges and universities, etc. The identified research focuses are closely related to the national education reforms and developments, and the papers published have provided corresponding references for the research of Chinese medicine education.
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    Exploration and introspection on integrating ideological and political elements into basic courses of Chinese Meteria Medica: Taking Inorganic Chemistry as an example
    Hu Xiao, Lin Ya, Sha Mei, Wang Yinghao, Xu Wei, Chen Li
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 59-62.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.044
    Abstract242)      PDF(pc) (739KB)(25)       Save
    In order to achieve the dual goal of “imparting knowledge” and “educating people”, as well as exploring the educational functions of basic courses in more depth, this paper explores the teaching mode of integrating ideological and political elements into basic courses from the following aspects: identifying ideological and political elements from the basic courses, re-designing teaching by integrating ideological and political elements, reinforcing the political awareness and improving teaching ability of teachers, and evaluating from the perspective of students and teachers respectively. The results show that Inorganic Chemistry integrated with ideological and political elements not only promotes students’understanding of the course, cultivates students’morality, enhances their professional confidence, but also plays a certain role in guiding students to establish a positive attitude towards life. At the same time, this integration has also improved teachers’ comprehensive quality and the ability of ideological and political education.
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    Practice and implications of teaching reform of Clinical Chinese Materia Medica during COVID-19 pandemic *
    Zhang Xiaomeng, Lin Zhijian, Zhang Bing, Liu Xin, Wu Qing
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 16-18.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.071
    Abstract242)      PDF(pc) (512KB)(49)       Save
    During the outbreak of COVID-19, the Ministry of Education (MOE) postponed the start of the spring semester and deployed “non-stopping teaching and learning” scheme to counteract the suspension of teaching. The teaching team of Clinical Chinese Materia Medica of Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine has actively responded to the call and taken certain measures to meet the current challenges. Multiple teaching strategies, namely, online-guidance of famous teachers, integration of high quality resources, and flexible distance learning, have been implemented in this teaching reform to ensure the quality of teaching. The curricula of some major courses such as Chinese Materia Medica, Adverse Drug Reaction and Pharmacovigilance of Chinese Materia Medica, have been redesigned to tailor the teaching reform. In addition, online teaching and learning platforms such as China University MOOC platform, Chaoxing platform, BB platform and Qingxin classroom on campus have been optimized and supplemented to enrich the teaching and learning resources. The assessment system has also been adjusted to provide adequate feedbacks on the reform of online teaching.
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    Learning by doing, innovating by inheriting: Implications of COVID-19 to the development of the discipline of Warm Diseases *
    Zhao Yansong
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 4-8.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.057
    Abstract242)      PDF(pc) (925KB)(28)       Save
    Warm Diseases is the major discipline of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) for the study of treatment of epidemic diseases, and it is now the main TCM reference to combat COVID-19. According to the clinical reports of COVID-19 infected patients in Wuhan, Hubei province since December 2019, the author reviewed the name, etiology, pathogenesis, location and transmission of thisvirus at different stages. The findings and analysis can complement the content of Warm Diseases in TCM textbooks. The author also put forward the following suggestions in the learning and researching of Warm Diseases: understanding classics of Warm Diseases to lay a solid foundation of TCM knowledge; observing epidemic diseases objectively and gathering information based on facts; having a sense a social responsibility and fullfilling the doctor’s mission to spare patients from sickness and pain with benevolence.
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    Exploration of cloud-assisted employment mode during COVID-19 outbreak in TCM colleges and universities from the perspective of enhancing career competency
    Tian Runping, Xu Jing, Li Yang, Wang Shuo, Shao Yue, Zhai Shuangqing
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 9-12.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.072
    Abstract239)      PDF(pc) (815KB)(43)       Save
    This paper aims at exploring cloud-assisted employment mode in TCM colleges and universities during COVID-19 outbreak to meet the requirements of “postponing the start of the spring semester but not suspending teaching and online employment service guidance” issued by the Ministry of Education (EOM). Guided by the principle of enhancing TCM graduates’ career competency, this mode creatively applies cloud technology to deal with the current employment challenges via cloud-services, cloud-recruitment, and cloud-class. Additionally, this mode allows TCM graduates to better adapt themselves to the new employment situations by enhancing the efficiency of career education in the development of their professional confidence, professional skills, creative thinking, employment skills, comprehensive competence as well as the establishment of correct view of world, life and values.
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    Research on the constrnction of teachers’ teaching-quality evaluation system *
    Zhang Cong, Zhang Mengpei, Zhang Haoxiang, Wang Zhiheng, Zhu Wentao
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 47-50.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.023
    Abstract231)      PDF(pc) (635KB)(28)       Save
    Objectives This paper aims at constructing a comprehensive evaluation index system of teachers’ teaching quality in line with the characteristics of Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine (BUCM), and improving the scientific and normative evaluation of teachers’ comprehensive teaching quality. Methods The index pool and index framework are determined by literature research method and expert consultation method, and the evaluation index and its weight are determined by Delphi method and analytic hierarchy process. Results Through two rounds of Delphi consultations with 20 experts, a comprehensive evaluation index system for the teaching quality of BUCM teachers, including 4 first-level indicators and 20 second-level indicators, was constructed, and the index weights at all levels were assigned. Conclusion The experts participating in this research are well-represented, highly motivated, and highly authoritative. Expert opinions from all levels of index entries are concentrated, and the research results are highly credible. The index system constructed reflects the characteristics of education and teaching at BUCM and can provide reference for teachers’ teaching quality evaluation.
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    Construction of medical English writing courses in TCM colleges and universities *
    Shi Yulan
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 78-81.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.196
    Abstract224)      PDF(pc) (626KB)(23)       Save
    In order to improve students’ performance in medical English writing and perfect medical English writing courses construction in TCM colleges and universities, the research group conducted students’ needs analysis, teachers’ needs analysis and doctors’ needs analysis by questionnaire and interviews. We found that all subjects think it highly necessary to foster the medical English writing ability. Thus, the paper focuses on the description of medical English writing objectives, curricula,teaching methods and faculty training. We try to put forward a scientific and reasonable idea of medical English writing courses construction.
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    Practice of ideological and political education in Medicinal Botany based on Rain Classroom *
    Liu Changli, Wu Xiaoyi, Gao Wei
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 63-66.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.388
    Abstract217)      PDF(pc) (704KB)(27)       Save
    In order to achieve the educational goal of establishing the correct ideas and developing good moral character, the ideological and political ideas and resources should be implicitly integrated into the explicit professional knowledge. As students in the new era are characterized by Net natives who are familiar with the Internet, teachers should make the best use of this feature and apply Rain Classroom mode to facilitate students’ autonomous learning rather than dictating their learning. Teachers should cultivate students’ TCM thinking and research innovation by telling students stories of TCM masters, enlighten them to understand the meaning of life by appreciation lives of herbs, and enhance students’ confidence in TCM culture by quoting Xi Jinping’s speeches on herbs, traditional Chinese medicine and the youth.After two years of exploration in Medicinal Botany, we constructed an ideological and political mode based on Rain Classroom. This mode promoted culture construction of this course in pursuit of the truth and understanding the law of nature. It also helped students to form an idea of healthy growth.
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    Approaches to translating TCM pathological terms: Implications of translation practice and teaching *
    Xie Yufei, Zhang Ziling, Li Xiaoli, Wu Qing
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 51-54.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.015
    Abstract215)      PDF(pc) (690KB)(24)       Save
    Pathological terms are very important components of TCM terminology, most of them, however, do not have the corresponding counterparts in Western medicine semantically. These terms are rich in connotation with profound cultural backgrounds. The translation of these pathological terms have already been undertaken while the research on the translation approaches has hardly been explored so far. From the perspective of “faithfulness” and guided by criteria of optimal approximation in translation, this paper takes “ duanxie” from Synopsis of Golden Chamber as an example, analyzing its connotation and differentiating all the existing English translation versions to discuss translation approaches and provide translation suggestions. This paper also discusses how the translation approaches of TCM terms could be used in further translation practice and teaching by applying 3W teaching mode.
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    Practice and effect analysis of significant event analysis teaching method in Dermatology *
    Zhang Huimin, He Xufeng, He Xiang, Yang Lili
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 73-77.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.367
    Abstract211)      PDF(pc) (744KB)(24)       Save
    Objectives This research aims to identify the difficulties resident doctors encountered during standardized clinical training in Dermatology department by applying significant event analysis (SEA) teaching method, and determine the impact of SEA method on students’ coping ability in clinical practice. Method Using SEA questionnaire survey, students described the impressive events in the practice of Dermatology department, reflected on the actions taken to deal with the situations, then discussed the solutions that can be provided. Teachers determined the rationality of students’ solutions before and after SEA reflections and statistically analyzed the results. Results Questionnaire survey showed the common problems encountered by medical students in Dermatology clinical practice were “difficulties in explaining informed consent”, “methods to gain patients’ trust and to improve compliance”, “difficulties in handling the elderly and child patients”, “gaps between theories and practices in clinical situations”. After SEA reflection, the proportion of students with more reasonable management plans against the problems was significantly increased. Conclusion SEA teaching method is helpful for students to acquire professional skills through in-depth reflection on their clinical experiences.
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    Reflections on the teaching reform of Classical Chinese for postgraduates of Chinese Medical History and Literature *
    Fu Jiangping, Fu Jiangying
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 82-85.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.024
    Abstract209)      PDF(pc) (618KB)(40)       Save
    Chinese Medical History and Literature is characterized by its own uniqueness and requirements apart from the general characteristics of Classical Chinese. Therefore, the teaching should consider both the general and particular features, that is, the teaching should integrate the generality of Classical Chinese to the particularity of Chinese Medical History and Literature. In terms of teaching content, we should not only retain the advantage of three-combined elements: selective readings, general theories and basic knowledge, and commonly used words, but also integrate classics of Chinese Medical History and Literature. Teaching methods should also be multiple to facilitate students’ ability to solve problems.
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    Orientation return of management in TCM colleges and universities
    Zuo Zhengyun, Xiao Xiaofei, Jian Hui, Zhong Lingyun, Ye Yaohui
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 36-38.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.344
    Abstract209)      PDF(pc) (527KB)(19)       Save
    San Yi Zhi Yi, which literally means the diagnosis and treatment in accordance with time, place and individuality, is a traditional humanistic concept and has always been the value pursuit of TCM. We should advocate the concept of San Yi Zhi Yi and the orientation return of the concept of “humanistic value” in the management in TCM colleges and universities. We promote the teaching reform, teacher development and management reform in the new era from the three aspects: multiple approach to cultivate students, individualized approach to promote teachers, and once-for-all approach to improve administrative efficiency.
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    Application of integrating effective combination of acupuncture-moxibustion techniques into teaching materials *
    Ji Laixi, Cheng Yanting
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (3): 70-72.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.03.216
    Abstract205)      PDF(pc) (558KB)(20)       Save
    The selection of acupoints and application of acupuncture-moxibustion techniques are the two fundamental factors. However, in acupuncture-moxibustion teaching materials, there is more emphasis on acupoints techniques. Based on the advantage of effective combination of acupuncture-moxibustion techniques, this paper put forward that the combined techniques should be implemented in the teaching, and acupuncture-moxibustion prescriptions should be modified. This teaching reform will benefit students and clinical practitioners in grasping and applying acupuncture-moxibustion techniques in practice.
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    Survey of online teaching in TCM colleges and universities from the perspective of teacher during COVID-19
    Jiao Nan, Gu Xiaohong, Yuan Na, Li Lu, Zhai Shuangqing
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 1-6.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.234
    Abstract129)      PDF(pc) (1299KB)(65)       Save
    This paper aims at analyzing current online teaching status and problems during COVID-19 outbreak, and then providing data for the improvement of teaching in TCM colleges and universities. By using mixed methods, we conducted nationwide online questionnaires covering 24 TCM colleges and universities as well as several telephone interviews in the first two weeks. We also collected 5,076 valid questionnaires and 12 in-depth telephone interviews teachers in the front line. The findings show that the dimension of teachers’ emotional cognition scored the highest, while other dimensions like the current online teaching conditions, the sense of teaching efficacy and social supporting were higher than the theoretical mean. Meanwhile, teachers experienced certain degree of pressure but that did not exceed the theoretical mean. Also, teachers’ experiences of online or blended teaching prior to the epidemic scored the lowest, which was below the theoretical mean. The findings indicate that the overall online teaching during COVID-19 is satisfactory yet there is room to improve in certain aspects. This paper points out that TCM colleges and universities should improve students’ ability in discussion, autonomous and cooperative learning; enhance interactions between teachers and students; relieve teachers’ pressure by effective use of social supporting; reinforce the sense of teaching efficacy; promote reform in blended-teaching mode; and provide teachers with precise and individualized training.
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    Exploration of integrating ideological and political elements into the teaching of Otorhinolaryngology of TCM
    Liu Siming, Jiao Lulu, Liu Lili, Gong Zheng, Liu Qiaoping, Yan Zhanfeng, Liu Jianhua
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 49-52.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.279
    Abstract87)      PDF(pc) (1139KB)(32)       Save
    Objective This paper aims at integrating ideological and political elements into the overall process of professional course teaching to realize ideological and political education, and to cultivate high-quality medical talents. Methods Based on the characteristics of Otolaryngology of TCM, we firstly identified ideological and political elements embodied in this course, and then explored various teaching methods such as the integration of classroom teaching with traditional cultures; the integration of classroom education with professional competence; the integration of classroom teaching with online teaching, and the intepration of ideological and political elements into the teaching of Otorhinolaryngology of TCM. Results For ideological and political education, integrating ideological and political elements is an important way in contemporary colleges and universities. For Otorhinolaryngology of TCM, the integration has played a very important role in ideological education. Conclusion The ideological and political education in Otolaryngology of TCM realizes its dual goal of knowledge imparting and value guiding. By so doing, in the whole process it cultivates high-quality TCM talents with both integrity and ability.
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    Investigation and countermeasures of psychological health of staying-on-campus medical postgraduates during COVID-19
    Lang Shuang, Wang Yaoxian, Zhang Jing, Zhang Chongxu, Fan Lu
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 7-9.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.215
    Abstract84)      PDF(pc) (1136KB)(23)       Save
    During COVID-19, colleges and universities have to delay the opening of school, however, quite a number of medical postgraduates have to study and work on campus due to the particularity of teaching and training of medical schools. According to the overall requirements of epidemic prevention and control, students can only move around on campus with stricter restrictions on time and movement area. In this case, schools have to attach great importance to these students’ physical and psychological health. Taking Beijing University of Chinese Medicine as an example, the school conducted an online questionnaire and telephone interviews to investigate the physical and psychological conditions of 268 postgraduates on campus. We collected 268 valid questionnaires and interviewed 45 graduate students. The findings show that postgraduates’ psychological health is generally good, yet a small number of students manifest different degrees of anxiety and depression. The school has taken the following countermeasures to alleviate the negative emotions and improve their psychological health: providing online counselling for each postgraduate; offering guidance in group; reinforcing mentor’s guidance and supervision; offering online courses; implementing morning fitness programs; and organizing Qihuang online activities.
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    Construction and application of comprehensive training and assessment system of four diagnostic techniques of TCM *
    Wang Lijuan, Zhang Ruiyi, Zhang Weifei, Zhu Longying, Wu Yaohui, Xu Ge, Zou Lu, Xu Ying, Li Fufeng
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 62-64.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.371
    Abstract76)      PDF(pc) (1134KB)(28)       Save
    In order to improve the level and quality of TCM diagnosis practice teaching, cultivate students’ clinical thinking and strengthen clinical training, it is necessary to reinforce the training in practice teaching. It is urgent to construct a training platform for clinical skills of TCM diagnosis. Modern information technology and Internet interaction technology are used to collect the four diagnostic data of real clinical patients. A comprehensive training and assessment system of four TCM diagnostic techniques is constructed, characterized by personalized and open network with high interaction and efficient learning outcome. This system allows students to study actively by choosing their own learning content and setting their own learning pace. It also enables students to integrate medical theories to clinical practice systematically thus better mastering the skills of four TCM diagnosis.
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    Teaching strategy design and reflection on “Cloud practice” during CONVID-19
    Shen Yuhong, Hu Hongyi, Shu Jing, Li Fufeng, Zhang Yi, Wang Xueqi
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 10-12.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.355
    Abstract74)      PDF(pc) (1133KB)(31)       Save
    During the fight against COVID-19 pandemic, colleges and universities have been committing to implementing effective online teaching. As Traditional Chinese Medicine is a discipline built on practice, the clinical internship for graduates is an indispensable part of the entire TCM education. For TCM colleges and universities, it is quite challenging to implement clinical internship online during COVID-19 prevention and control. Based on re-construction of the core competence goals of the clinical internship of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, this paper introduced the design of “six in one” virtual practice teaching strategy as well as the preliminary exploration of the closed-loop teaching management for online internship. It is hoped to construct a proper, feasible and high-quality system of “Cloud practice” teaching.
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    Application of blended model in TCM Emergency distance teaching aided by flipped classroom during COVID-19 *
    Liu Fusheng, Wang Sumei, Liu Zhi, Zheng Xiangchun, Fang Xiaolei
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 22-25.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.136
    Abstract74)      PDF(pc) (1453KB)(35)       Save
    Distance teaching has become a counter-measure to deal with “non-stopping teaching and learning” during COVID-19 outbreak. Guided by the concept of flipped classroom teaching, TCM Emergency department constructed teaching resources database for distance teaching, and adopted multiple teaching methods aiming at promoting students’ post competence of TCM emergency by blended teaching model of online teaching (BB platform and WeChat) + offline teaching. Moreover, the teaching emphasized previewing, classroom learning and reviewing through the whole process. The preliminary practice shows that this teaching model is suitable for the teaching requirements under the epidemic. At the same time, this teaching model based on flipped classroom teaching concept has been improved as well.
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    Reconsideration of cultivating value orientation and literacy goals of TCM talents in the fight against CONVID-19
    Sun Xiangru, He Qinghu, Chen Hong, Chen Xiaoping, Zhang Jindong
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 17-21.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.123
    Abstract72)      PDF(pc) (1211KB)(27)       Save
    Based on news reports, medical strategies, clinical efficacy as well as public opinions on COVID-19, the authors of this paper put forward that the TCM talent cultivation should establish dedication-centered and scientific-oriented value system. Moreover, practical ability and innovative thinking should be equally strengthened to fullfil the goals of quality-oriented education. By so doing, we can lay a solid foundation of TCM talent reserve to tackle the possible public health emergency in the future.
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    Reinforcing the study of TCM classics in clinical teaching of Gynecology of TCM *
    Chen Yun, Ren Qingling
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 58-61.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.385
    Abstract72)      PDF(pc) (1199KB)(25)       Save
    The classical theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has played an important role in the establishment and formation of the theoretical system of TCM. It has also contributed to the establishment of the system of syndrome differentiation and treatment. Therefore, TCM classics is the basis of TCM clinical thinking and has still significantly guided clinical treatment. Based on the problems of classics teaching in gynecology in TCM, this paper proposes teachers should improve their skills in using classics flexibly in daily life, take initiative to teaching classics in class, guide students to apply classics in their clinical practice, and simulate students’ confidence in using classics to differentiate patterns and treat diseases. Teachers also should give full play to the role of guiding students in learning classics, integrating information technology to the teaching of Gynecology of TCM, and cultivating TCM gynecological professionals to use classical theory clinically for better inheritance and development of Gynecology of TCM.
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    Practice and exploration of inheritance and innovation of TCM higher education *
    Yu Shuguang, Hu Yimei, Li Yong, Jian Shengnan
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 30-34.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.356
    Abstract71)      PDF(pc) (1209KB)(24)       Save
    The institutions of higher education of TCM have cultivated numerous TCM practitioners and prominent maters in the past 60 years with its unique talent growth path as well as continuous reforms. As the main body of TCM higher education in China, TCM colleges and universities have realized the transformation from traditional education mode to modern education mode. TCM higher education has gradually formed its preliminary framework: TCM colleges and universities as the main body coordinated by organizations of different levels and types. Guided by this framework, the construction of talent cultivating model should give full play to the advantages of TCM with coordination of multiple disciplines, levels and types. By so doing, higher education of TCM can play its due role in inheritance and innovation of TCM.
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    Research on the characteristics of the inheritance system of TCM prominent physicians Shi Jinmo and Zhu Shenyu *
    Wang Yang, Zhu Jinpu, Wang Limin, Zhu Zhaogang
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 43-45.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.228
    Abstract71)      PDF(pc) (1195KB)(13)       Save
    The inheritance system of Shi Jinmo and Zhu Shenyu is derived from one of the four Beijing prominent TCM masters Shi Jinmo, passing down for four generations, and eventually has developed into an academic system with both apprentice education and school education. Over the past decades, guided by the motto of “integrity in personality and conscientiousness in treatment”, tens of thousands of patients have sought treatment here and it has cultivated many high-level TCM physicians. This paper summarizes the following features of inheritance approach: smooth connection between school education and apprentice education; sharing of clinical experiences and learning reflections; integration and innovation of modern medicine and traditional medicine; improvement of medical skills and ethics.
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    Teaching exploration from “Prevention First” during COVID-19 containment *
    Zhou Guangwen, Wu Yonggui, Chen Hongbo, Xiang Nan, Chen Li, Wang Jingzhi
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 13-16.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.274
    Abstract70)      PDF(pc) (1143KB)(51)       Save
    The thought of “prevention first”, the basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), has been applied in the whole process of diagnosis and treatment, and effectively guided the clinical practice of TCM. However, students have difficulty in understanding and applying this theory clinically due to its theoretical abstraction and condensation. During COVID-19 epidemic, especially in Wuhan, Hubei Province, traditional Chinese medicine has actively participated in the whole process in fighting against COVID-19, and achieved remarkable results and proved effective. This paper analyzed the prevention and treatment measures of TCM against COVID-19, and explored the specific application of “prevention first” plus its implementation in teaching. It is hoped to deepen students’ understanding of “prevention first” and further strengthen their confidence in TCM theories and culture.
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    Exploring innovative approach of “Cloud model” for Communist Youth League and Student Union during COVID-19: A case study of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
    Han Xue, Li Xiang, Zhao Jianlei, Gao Peng, Yan Xiaoxue, Yu Huan, Liu Dongmiao, Liu Mo, Liu Yafei
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 26-29.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.187
    Abstract69)      PDF(pc) (1144KB)(35)       Save
    During COVID-19 outbreak, the Ministry of Education (MOE) has postponed and adjusted the time of the opening of school. In this process, college students are prone to experience some negative emotions like anxiety, fear and restlessness. The Communist Youth League should give full play to its leading and linking role at this critical moment. In this paper, the authors introduced the “Cloud model” composed of the following activities: employing “Cloud search”, constructing “Cloud platform”, providing “Cloud services”, organizing “Cloud meeting”, carrying out “Cloud activities”, and implementing “Cloud management”. Aided by this “Cloud model”, the Communist Youth League and Student Union of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine has enriched students’ lives, guiding students’ thinking, and regulating students’ emotions. The “Cloud model” played an important role and laid a solid foundation for college students to overcome difficulties during COVID-19.
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    Discussion on community clinical practice during vacation for clinical medical students *
    Guo Yaqin, He Ziwei, Meng Caixia, Gao Min, Xu Xiaoying, Zhang Tingting
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 53-57.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.411
    Abstract69)      PDF(pc) (1153KB)(26)       Save
    Clinical practice is a way to transform students of clinical medicine from school to hospital, from classroom to practice, and from rationality to sensibility. This paper first discusses the significance of community practice for clinical medical students. Moreover, based on existing problems of clinical practice, it puts forward the idea of community clinical practice during summer and winter vacations. For grade one to grade three medical students, they can go to widely distributed community hospitals to carry out clinical practice during summer and winter vacations. This paper also discusses the possibility and feasibility of this approach as well as the problems to be handled for successful clinical practice.
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    Construction of discipline and specialty: Working towards the common goal for “double first-class initiative” TCM colleges and universities *
    Sun Zhongren, Guo Hongwei, Yan Zhonghong
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 35-38.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.396
    Abstract63)      PDF(pc) (1141KB)(17)       Save
    Discipline and specialty construction is the foundation of the survival and development of higher education institutions. It is also an important way to realize the connotative and sustainable developments. These two constructions should work towards the same goal in order to establish solid foundation for specialty construction and develop advantaged and characteristic discipline; to build high quality specialized teaching team and discipline team; to accomplish high-level teaching and scientific achievements, and to cultivate TCM talents by considering both talent quality and social assessment and supervision. By so doing, we can promote the construction of “double first-class initiative” of TCM collepes and universities.
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    Research and reflection on the construction of virtual simulation experiment teaching project *
    Jiang Shan, Yan Yonghong, Lin Yan
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 65-68.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.023
    Abstract63)      PDF(pc) (1140KB)(60)       Save
    Virtual simulation experiment teaching plays an important role in experimental teaching and talent cultivating, and has been rapidly developed and popularized in colleges and universities all over the country in recent years. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (BUCM) has yielded considerable results and accumulated some experience in the construction of virtual simulation experiment teaching project. Based on BUCM’s successful experience and existing problems, together with the current situation of COVID-19, we actively explore the approach of construction of virtual simulation experiment teaching project in TCM colleges and universities, improve the quality of construction, and promote the comprehensive quality of teaching, education and talent cultivation.
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    Tentative study on the application of POA in TCM reading teaching aided with blended learning *
    Li Mengru, Li Yiran, Zhai Shujuan, Wu Qing
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 82-85.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.370
    Abstract55)      PDF(pc) (1148KB)(25)       Save
    Production-oriented Approach (POA) was designed to make optimally efficient and effective the teaching and learning of English at tertiary level in China and has been applied by many teachers across the nation. POA is seen commonly experimented in writing and oral classes while seldom considered in reading class, not to mention TCM (traditional Chinese medicine) reading classes. From the perspective of course design and its underlying rationale, this paper intends to probe into the application of POA into the teaching of TCM reading aided with blended learning, which is believed to help improve TCM English teaching methods and production.
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    Application of task-driven flipped classroom teaching mode in Pharmacy of TCM *
    Wang Yingzi, Du Shouying, Wu Qing, Wang Yunli, Wang Huinan
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 69-72.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.287
    Abstract51)      PDF(pc) (1143KB)(11)       Save
    Pharmacy of TCM, the main course of TCM specialty, is difficult for students to fully understand and master due to fragmentary knowledge points and abstract content. The task-driven flipped classroom is a new teaching mode, which can cultivate students’ ability to analyze and solve problems independently and learn independently. Formative assessment focuses on students’ learning process, which can effectively make up for many negative effects brought by one-sided summative evaluation and overemphasis on teaching effect. The task-driven flipped classroom teaching mode and formative assessment are applied to the teaching of Pharmacy of TCM. The reformed teaching mode and assessment put more emphasis on cultivating students’ practical competence, innovation, and application knowledge into practice, all of which will stimulate their learning enthusiasm and interests, create relaxed learning environment for students to communicate, enhance students’ autonomous learning, analytic ability and learning efficiency.
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    Teaching reform of Hospital Information System for health administration-oriented specialty: Taking ShanghaiUniversity of Traditional Chinese Medicine as an example *
    Yu Jing, Hou Yu, Che Lijuan
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 73-77.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.183
    Abstract50)      PDF(pc) (1154KB)(20)       Save
    The rapid development of medical information requires a large number of health administration talents with computer and information system knowledge. Based on current social needs, taking Hospital Information System of health administration specialty of Shanghai University of traditional Chinese Medicine as an example, we first summarized the early teaching practice, then analyzed the problems in the teaching process, and put forward specific measures for teaching reform. The teaching reform included the following aspects: adjusting teaching objectives according to specialty characteristics and employment needs; enriching teaching contents to broadening students’knowledge; improving teaching methods to stimulate students’ learning enthusiasm; focusing on learning process for comprehensive assessment. The teaching reform aims at optimizing the course teaching, and cultivating students’ ability in independent thinking and problem solving.
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