主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1003-305X CN 11-1349/R

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    Survey of online teaching in TCM colleges and universities from the perspective of teacher during COVID-19
    Jiao Nan, Gu Xiaohong, Yuan Na, Li Lu, Zhai Shuangqing
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 1-6.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.234
    Abstract175)      PDF(pc) (1299KB)(103)       Save
    This paper aims at analyzing current online teaching status and problems during COVID-19 outbreak, and then providing data for the improvement of teaching in TCM colleges and universities. By using mixed methods, we conducted nationwide online questionnaires covering 24 TCM colleges and universities as well as several telephone interviews in the first two weeks. We also collected 5,076 valid questionnaires and 12 in-depth telephone interviews teachers in the front line. The findings show that the dimension of teachers’ emotional cognition scored the highest, while other dimensions like the current online teaching conditions, the sense of teaching efficacy and social supporting were higher than the theoretical mean. Meanwhile, teachers experienced certain degree of pressure but that did not exceed the theoretical mean. Also, teachers’ experiences of online or blended teaching prior to the epidemic scored the lowest, which was below the theoretical mean. The findings indicate that the overall online teaching during COVID-19 is satisfactory yet there is room to improve in certain aspects. This paper points out that TCM colleges and universities should improve students’ ability in discussion, autonomous and cooperative learning; enhance interactions between teachers and students; relieve teachers’ pressure by effective use of social supporting; reinforce the sense of teaching efficacy; promote reform in blended-teaching mode; and provide teachers with precise and individualized training.
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    Exploration of integrating ideological and political elements into the teaching of Otorhinolaryngology of TCM
    Liu Siming, Jiao Lulu, Liu Lili, Gong Zheng, Liu Qiaoping, Yan Zhanfeng, Liu Jianhua
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 49-52.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.279
    Abstract174)      PDF(pc) (1139KB)(85)       Save
    Objective This paper aims at integrating ideological and political elements into the overall process of professional course teaching to realize ideological and political education, and to cultivate high-quality medical talents. Methods Based on the characteristics of Otolaryngology of TCM, we firstly identified ideological and political elements embodied in this course, and then explored various teaching methods such as the integration of classroom teaching with traditional cultures; the integration of classroom education with professional competence; the integration of classroom teaching with online teaching, and the intepration of ideological and political elements into the teaching of Otorhinolaryngology of TCM. Results For ideological and political education, integrating ideological and political elements is an important way in contemporary colleges and universities. For Otorhinolaryngology of TCM, the integration has played a very important role in ideological education. Conclusion The ideological and political education in Otolaryngology of TCM realizes its dual goal of knowledge imparting and value guiding. By so doing, in the whole process it cultivates high-quality TCM talents with both integrity and ability.
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    Construction and application of comprehensive training and assessment system of four diagnostic techniques of TCM *
    Wang Lijuan, Zhang Ruiyi, Zhang Weifei, Zhu Longying, Wu Yaohui, Xu Ge, Zou Lu, Xu Ying, Li Fufeng
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 62-64.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.371
    Abstract129)      PDF(pc) (1134KB)(67)       Save
    In order to improve the level and quality of TCM diagnosis practice teaching, cultivate students’ clinical thinking and strengthen clinical training, it is necessary to reinforce the training in practice teaching. It is urgent to construct a training platform for clinical skills of TCM diagnosis. Modern information technology and Internet interaction technology are used to collect the four diagnostic data of real clinical patients. A comprehensive training and assessment system of four TCM diagnostic techniques is constructed, characterized by personalized and open network with high interaction and efficient learning outcome. This system allows students to study actively by choosing their own learning content and setting their own learning pace. It also enables students to integrate medical theories to clinical practice systematically thus better mastering the skills of four TCM diagnosis.
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    Investigation and countermeasures of psychological health of staying-on-campus medical postgraduates during COVID-19
    Lang Shuang, Wang Yaoxian, Zhang Jing, Zhang Chongxu, Fan Lu
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 7-9.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.215
    Abstract116)      PDF(pc) (1136KB)(43)       Save
    During COVID-19, colleges and universities have to delay the opening of school, however, quite a number of medical postgraduates have to study and work on campus due to the particularity of teaching and training of medical schools. According to the overall requirements of epidemic prevention and control, students can only move around on campus with stricter restrictions on time and movement area. In this case, schools have to attach great importance to these students’ physical and psychological health. Taking Beijing University of Chinese Medicine as an example, the school conducted an online questionnaire and telephone interviews to investigate the physical and psychological conditions of 268 postgraduates on campus. We collected 268 valid questionnaires and interviewed 45 graduate students. The findings show that postgraduates’ psychological health is generally good, yet a small number of students manifest different degrees of anxiety and depression. The school has taken the following countermeasures to alleviate the negative emotions and improve their psychological health: providing online counselling for each postgraduate; offering guidance in group; reinforcing mentor’s guidance and supervision; offering online courses; implementing morning fitness programs; and organizing Qihuang online activities.
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    Reconsideration of cultivating value orientation and literacy goals of TCM talents in the fight against CONVID-19
    Sun Xiangru, He Qinghu, Chen Hong, Chen Xiaoping, Zhang Jindong
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 17-21.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.123
    Abstract110)      PDF(pc) (1211KB)(66)       Save
    Based on news reports, medical strategies, clinical efficacy as well as public opinions on COVID-19, the authors of this paper put forward that the TCM talent cultivation should establish dedication-centered and scientific-oriented value system. Moreover, practical ability and innovative thinking should be equally strengthened to fullfil the goals of quality-oriented education. By so doing, we can lay a solid foundation of TCM talent reserve to tackle the possible public health emergency in the future.
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    Application of blended model in TCM Emergency distance teaching aided by flipped classroom during COVID-19 *
    Liu Fusheng, Wang Sumei, Liu Zhi, Zheng Xiangchun, Fang Xiaolei
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 22-25.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.136
    Abstract106)      PDF(pc) (1453KB)(77)       Save
    Distance teaching has become a counter-measure to deal with “non-stopping teaching and learning” during COVID-19 outbreak. Guided by the concept of flipped classroom teaching, TCM Emergency department constructed teaching resources database for distance teaching, and adopted multiple teaching methods aiming at promoting students’ post competence of TCM emergency by blended teaching model of online teaching (BB platform and WeChat) + offline teaching. Moreover, the teaching emphasized previewing, classroom learning and reviewing through the whole process. The preliminary practice shows that this teaching model is suitable for the teaching requirements under the epidemic. At the same time, this teaching model based on flipped classroom teaching concept has been improved as well.
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    Exploring innovative approach of “Cloud model” for Communist Youth League and Student Union during COVID-19: A case study of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
    Han Xue, Li Xiang, Zhao Jianlei, Gao Peng, Yan Xiaoxue, Yu Huan, Liu Dongmiao, Liu Mo, Liu Yafei
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 26-29.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.187
    Abstract106)      PDF(pc) (1144KB)(64)       Save
    During COVID-19 outbreak, the Ministry of Education (MOE) has postponed and adjusted the time of the opening of school. In this process, college students are prone to experience some negative emotions like anxiety, fear and restlessness. The Communist Youth League should give full play to its leading and linking role at this critical moment. In this paper, the authors introduced the “Cloud model” composed of the following activities: employing “Cloud search”, constructing “Cloud platform”, providing “Cloud services”, organizing “Cloud meeting”, carrying out “Cloud activities”, and implementing “Cloud management”. Aided by this “Cloud model”, the Communist Youth League and Student Union of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine has enriched students’ lives, guiding students’ thinking, and regulating students’ emotions. The “Cloud model” played an important role and laid a solid foundation for college students to overcome difficulties during COVID-19.
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    Discussion on community clinical practice during vacation for clinical medical students *
    Guo Yaqin, He Ziwei, Meng Caixia, Gao Min, Xu Xiaoying, Zhang Tingting
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 53-57.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.411
    Abstract106)      PDF(pc) (1153KB)(55)       Save
    Clinical practice is a way to transform students of clinical medicine from school to hospital, from classroom to practice, and from rationality to sensibility. This paper first discusses the significance of community practice for clinical medical students. Moreover, based on existing problems of clinical practice, it puts forward the idea of community clinical practice during summer and winter vacations. For grade one to grade three medical students, they can go to widely distributed community hospitals to carry out clinical practice during summer and winter vacations. This paper also discusses the possibility and feasibility of this approach as well as the problems to be handled for successful clinical practice.
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    Integrating ideological and political elements into Pharmaceutical Administration and Regulations *
    Shen Qun, Dai Jiaojiao, Zhang Chunhui
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (6): 58-61.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.341
    Abstract106)      PDF(pc) (1107KB)(538)       Save
    The purpose of ideological and political education in Pharmaceutical Administration and Regulations is to cultivate students' awareness of the rule of law, quality, responsibility and service, and also to cultivate the socialist professional ethics of pharmacy. The course is based on the knowledge and skills of Pharmaceutical Administration and Regulations, integrating the following elements into teaching, such as positive influence of celebrities, reflection and discussion of cases, motivation of brand stories, reconsideration of film and television, and evaluation of online resources. Students are able to perceive scientific spirit, patriotism, professional ethics, and learning attitudes inside and outside classroom in a subtle way like “the rain moistening the crops gently and silently”. The evaluation of ideological and political education can be obtained through questionnaire, reflection and message sharing.
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    Research on the characteristics of the inheritance system of TCM prominent physicians Shi Jinmo and Zhu Shenyu *
    Wang Yang, Zhu Jinpu, Wang Limin, Zhu Zhaogang
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 43-45.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.228
    Abstract104)      PDF(pc) (1195KB)(36)       Save
    The inheritance system of Shi Jinmo and Zhu Shenyu is derived from one of the four Beijing prominent TCM masters Shi Jinmo, passing down for four generations, and eventually has developed into an academic system with both apprentice education and school education. Over the past decades, guided by the motto of “integrity in personality and conscientiousness in treatment”, tens of thousands of patients have sought treatment here and it has cultivated many high-level TCM physicians. This paper summarizes the following features of inheritance approach: smooth connection between school education and apprentice education; sharing of clinical experiences and learning reflections; integration and innovation of modern medicine and traditional medicine; improvement of medical skills and ethics.
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    Teaching strategy design and reflection on “Cloud practice” during CONVID-19
    Shen Yuhong, Hu Hongyi, Shu Jing, Li Fufeng, Zhang Yi, Wang Xueqi
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 10-12.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.355
    Abstract101)      PDF(pc) (1133KB)(64)       Save
    During the fight against COVID-19 pandemic, colleges and universities have been committing to implementing effective online teaching. As Traditional Chinese Medicine is a discipline built on practice, the clinical internship for graduates is an indispensable part of the entire TCM education. For TCM colleges and universities, it is quite challenging to implement clinical internship online during COVID-19 prevention and control. Based on re-construction of the core competence goals of the clinical internship of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, this paper introduced the design of “six in one” virtual practice teaching strategy as well as the preliminary exploration of the closed-loop teaching management for online internship. It is hoped to construct a proper, feasible and high-quality system of “Cloud practice” teaching.
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    Reinforcing the study of TCM classics in clinical teaching of Gynecology of TCM *
    Chen Yun, Ren Qingling
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 58-61.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.385
    Abstract100)      PDF(pc) (1199KB)(47)       Save
    The classical theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has played an important role in the establishment and formation of the theoretical system of TCM. It has also contributed to the establishment of the system of syndrome differentiation and treatment. Therefore, TCM classics is the basis of TCM clinical thinking and has still significantly guided clinical treatment. Based on the problems of classics teaching in gynecology in TCM, this paper proposes teachers should improve their skills in using classics flexibly in daily life, take initiative to teaching classics in class, guide students to apply classics in their clinical practice, and simulate students’ confidence in using classics to differentiate patterns and treat diseases. Teachers also should give full play to the role of guiding students in learning classics, integrating information technology to the teaching of Gynecology of TCM, and cultivating TCM gynecological professionals to use classical theory clinically for better inheritance and development of Gynecology of TCM.
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    Teaching exploration from “Prevention First” during COVID-19 containment *
    Zhou Guangwen, Wu Yonggui, Chen Hongbo, Xiang Nan, Chen Li, Wang Jingzhi
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 13-16.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.274
    Abstract99)      PDF(pc) (1143KB)(87)       Save
    The thought of “prevention first”, the basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), has been applied in the whole process of diagnosis and treatment, and effectively guided the clinical practice of TCM. However, students have difficulty in understanding and applying this theory clinically due to its theoretical abstraction and condensation. During COVID-19 epidemic, especially in Wuhan, Hubei Province, traditional Chinese medicine has actively participated in the whole process in fighting against COVID-19, and achieved remarkable results and proved effective. This paper analyzed the prevention and treatment measures of TCM against COVID-19, and explored the specific application of “prevention first” plus its implementation in teaching. It is hoped to deepen students’ understanding of “prevention first” and further strengthen their confidence in TCM theories and culture.
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    Tentative study on the application of POA in TCM reading teaching aided with blended learning *
    Li Mengru, Li Yiran, Zhai Shujuan, Wu Qing
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 82-85.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.370
    Abstract98)      PDF(pc) (1148KB)(70)       Save
    Production-oriented Approach (POA) was designed to make optimally efficient and effective the teaching and learning of English at tertiary level in China and has been applied by many teachers across the nation. POA is seen commonly experimented in writing and oral classes while seldom considered in reading class, not to mention TCM (traditional Chinese medicine) reading classes. From the perspective of course design and its underlying rationale, this paper intends to probe into the application of POA into the teaching of TCM reading aided with blended learning, which is believed to help improve TCM English teaching methods and production.
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    First-class teachers enhancing the cultivation of first-class TCM talents *
    Xiong Lei, Zhang Xiaoyuan, Zhao Huaiqing, Yang Yang
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 39-42.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.004
    Abstract93)      PDF(pc) (1138KB)(42)       Save
    First-class teachers are the strategic resources for colleges and universities to cultivate first-class talents, promote the construction of “double first-class initiative”, and enhance the core competitiveness. Based on the existing problems at different degrees in TCM colleges and universities, such as decreased motivation in cultivating students, inadequate professional competence, rigid management and assessment, and declined productivity, Yunnan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine has taken the following measures to improve the quality of teachers and construct first-class teaching team: strengthening the supervision and evaluation of teachers’ ethics, developing characteristic cultures for teachers, and reinforcing teachers’ determination and dedication to teaching and education, adhering to the holistic view of teacher development, improving teaching and research competence, recruiting top-talents to reinforce teaching team, improving the evaluation mechanism, all of which further enhance the cultivation of first-class students.
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    Research and reflection on the construction of virtual simulation experiment teaching project *
    Jiang Shan, Yan Yonghong, Lin Yan
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 65-68.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.023
    Abstract92)      PDF(pc) (1140KB)(104)       Save
    Virtual simulation experiment teaching plays an important role in experimental teaching and talent cultivating, and has been rapidly developed and popularized in colleges and universities all over the country in recent years. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (BUCM) has yielded considerable results and accumulated some experience in the construction of virtual simulation experiment teaching project. Based on BUCM’s successful experience and existing problems, together with the current situation of COVID-19, we actively explore the approach of construction of virtual simulation experiment teaching project in TCM colleges and universities, improve the quality of construction, and promote the comprehensive quality of teaching, education and talent cultivation.
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    Practice and exploration of inheritance and innovation of TCM higher education *
    Yu Shuguang, Hu Yimei, Li Yong, Jian Shengnan
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 30-34.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.356
    Abstract91)      PDF(pc) (1209KB)(39)       Save
    The institutions of higher education of TCM have cultivated numerous TCM practitioners and prominent maters in the past 60 years with its unique talent growth path as well as continuous reforms. As the main body of TCM higher education in China, TCM colleges and universities have realized the transformation from traditional education mode to modern education mode. TCM higher education has gradually formed its preliminary framework: TCM colleges and universities as the main body coordinated by organizations of different levels and types. Guided by this framework, the construction of talent cultivating model should give full play to the advantages of TCM with coordination of multiple disciplines, levels and types. By so doing, higher education of TCM can play its due role in inheritance and innovation of TCM.
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    Construction of discipline and specialty: Working towards the common goal for “double first-class initiative” TCM colleges and universities *
    Sun Zhongren, Guo Hongwei, Yan Zhonghong
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 35-38.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.396
    Abstract88)      PDF(pc) (1141KB)(35)       Save
    Discipline and specialty construction is the foundation of the survival and development of higher education institutions. It is also an important way to realize the connotative and sustainable developments. These two constructions should work towards the same goal in order to establish solid foundation for specialty construction and develop advantaged and characteristic discipline; to build high quality specialized teaching team and discipline team; to accomplish high-level teaching and scientific achievements, and to cultivate TCM talents by considering both talent quality and social assessment and supervision. By so doing, we can promote the construction of “double first-class initiative” of TCM collepes and universities.
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    Consideration and exploration of curriculum construction of Lemology of TCM *
    Liu Tiegang, Gu Xiaohong
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (6): 1-3.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.339
    Abstract86)      PDF(pc) (1171KB)(77)       Save
    Based on the background of COVID-19 prevention and control, the authors has made in-depth exploration on curriculum construction of Lemology of TCM in TCM colleges and universities. They believe courses of Lemology of TCM should strengthen the confidence of TCM culture and reinforce ideological and political teaching; inherit TCM classics and cultivate TCM thinking; emphasize the ability to apply theories into clinical practices and deepen medical and educational collaboration; attach importance to integrate TCM to Western medicine and lay equal stress on TCM and Western medicine; reinforce teaching-researching integration and strengthen the interdisciplinary cooperation; innovate teaching modes and optimize teaching staff. The curriculum construction of Lemology of TCM is of great significance to give full play to the advantages of traditional Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases.
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    Exploration and practice of new teaching mode of Lemology of TCM *
    Li Candong, Xu Kexiang, Huang Guohui
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2021, 40 (2): 1-3.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.888
    Abstract83)      PDF(pc) (560KB)(59)       Save
    The innovative development mission of TCM colleges and universities is to cultivate virtuous TCM talents, enhance construction of talents with TCM characteristics, and build a high-level TCM team to prevent and treat epidemic diseases. Faced with “New Emerging Medicine”, the current task is to construct a proper talents cultivating program and design suitable curricula to emphasize TCM thinking based on four basic TCM classics. Taking the new teaching mode of TCM Lemology as an example, this paper explains the integration of TCM classics and lemology, and the integration of theory and practice, thus forming a new teaching mode of TCM Lemology, consisting of five modules: core module, thinking module, theoretical module, clinical module, experimental and practical teaching module. The teaching reform has been proved effective.
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    Application of task-driven flipped classroom teaching mode in Pharmacy of TCM *
    Wang Yingzi, Du Shouying, Wu Qing, Wang Yunli, Wang Huinan
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 69-72.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.287
    Abstract80)      PDF(pc) (1143KB)(31)       Save
    Pharmacy of TCM, the main course of TCM specialty, is difficult for students to fully understand and master due to fragmentary knowledge points and abstract content. The task-driven flipped classroom is a new teaching mode, which can cultivate students’ ability to analyze and solve problems independently and learn independently. Formative assessment focuses on students’ learning process, which can effectively make up for many negative effects brought by one-sided summative evaluation and overemphasis on teaching effect. The task-driven flipped classroom teaching mode and formative assessment are applied to the teaching of Pharmacy of TCM. The reformed teaching mode and assessment put more emphasis on cultivating students’ practical competence, innovation, and application knowledge into practice, all of which will stimulate their learning enthusiasm and interests, create relaxed learning environment for students to communicate, enhance students’ autonomous learning, analytic ability and learning efficiency.
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    Teaching reform of Hospital Information System for health administration-oriented specialty: Taking ShanghaiUniversity of Traditional Chinese Medicine as an example *
    Yu Jing, Hou Yu, Che Lijuan
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 73-77.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.183
    Abstract77)      PDF(pc) (1154KB)(47)       Save
    The rapid development of medical information requires a large number of health administration talents with computer and information system knowledge. Based on current social needs, taking Hospital Information System of health administration specialty of Shanghai University of traditional Chinese Medicine as an example, we first summarized the early teaching practice, then analyzed the problems in the teaching process, and put forward specific measures for teaching reform. The teaching reform included the following aspects: adjusting teaching objectives according to specialty characteristics and employment needs; enriching teaching contents to broadening students’knowledge; improving teaching methods to stimulate students’ learning enthusiasm; focusing on learning process for comprehensive assessment. The teaching reform aims at optimizing the course teaching, and cultivating students’ ability in independent thinking and problem solving.
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    Reconsideration of the reform of Traditional Chinese Medicine Education
    Sun Xiaoguang, Ma Chongyang
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (6): 35-41.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.445
    Abstract77)      PDF(pc) (1369KB)(36)       Save
    In this paper the authors point out that enhancing TCM clinical thinking ability and multidisciplinary cultivating are the decisive factors for high quality TCM talents based on the review of TCM education since 1949. It is suggested that we should attach importance to top-level design, identify cultivating goals, develop clinical ability, and respect the law of TCM development. We should also promote teaching reform by integrating research, constructing teaching and learning assessment based on TCM disciplines, and emphasizing teachers' ability. TCM clinical practice should be emphasized by TCM classics learning and practice. Practice bases should be characterized by master-apprentice teaching mode which can link classroom teaching, clinical practice and employment. In this process, we should construct TCM clinic-oriented teaching team.
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    Cultivating clinical thinking of Traditional Chinese Medicine for undergraduates *
    Liu Wen
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (6): 55-57.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.100
    Abstract74)      PDF(pc) (1152KB)(53)       Save
    TCM thinking is a process in which TCM doctors make decision based on investigation, research, analysis and judgment on diseases. It is very important to cultivate TCM clinical thinking and is very important for the cultivation of TCM clinical talents. The key stage is in undergraduate education. At this stage, we should start from the following aspects to improve the clinical thinking: four diagnostic methods to collect patients' data; core pathogenesis to understand the nature and development of diseases; quantitative analysis to analyze primary and secondary contradictions; dialectical thinking and logical thinking combined to identify patterns and prescribe treatment; inheritance and innovation of Tcm.
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    Innovative practice and implication of ideological and political education in Chinese Materia Medica online course during COVID-19 Outbreak *
    Lin Zhijian, Zhang Xiaomeng, Zhang Bing, Liu Xin
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (6): 11-14.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.143
    Abstract74)      PDF(pc) (1101KB)(51)       Save
    This article aims to explore the rich traditional cultural,ideological and political elements, and further innovatively apply these valuable resources into the teaching of Chinese Materia Medica. It is particularly important to implement online ideological and political education in professional courses during COVID-19 outbreak. This online course can better integrate elements such as patriotism, academic confidence, integrity, diligence and selflessness into the teaching during the special period. The practice has renewed the teaching concepts, increased the breadth and depth of ideological and political teaching and developed students' ability of self-study. The COVID-19 outbreak has presented challenges to teaching and exerted profound impacts on students psychologically, spiritually and behaviorally, all of which will bring opportunities for the development of ideological and political teaching. In this case, this teaching practice provided a good reference for the implementation of the ideological and political education in professional courses.
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    Research and application of artificial intelligence test paper proposition and its analytic system during COVID-19 *
    Wang Li, Zhou Xuemei, Li Lingxiu, Wu Fan, Chen Renming, Huang Wen, Dong Changwu
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (6): 8-10.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.294
    Abstract73)      PDF(pc) (1097KB)(72)       Save
    In the era of “Internet+education”, schools should actively adopt to the new technological changes. In this paper, the authors introduced the use of analytic system of artificial intelligence test paper proposition for Diagnostics of TCM during COVID-19 outbreak. The normalization and standardization of test paper proposition, analysis and feedback of Diagnostics of TCM improved the credibility and validity of the course assessment. Meanwhile, the function of paperless assessment made online assessment possible. The customized system is multi-functional, convenient and meets the requirements of the course. It can provide efficient services during and after the epidemic prevention and control.
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    Exploration and practice of class management in TCM colleges and universities during COVID-19 outbreak
    Tang Yang, Hao Silan, Wang Yafei, Cheng Jiaxuan, Chang An, Liu Weichao, Liu Dongmiao, Zhao Jianlei
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (6): 4-7.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.140
    Abstract72)      PDF(pc) (1104KB)(82)       Save
    Class management is an important part of grid management in colleges and universities, especially during the fight against COVID-19. In this paper, we explored the class management mode from the following five aspects: measures to prevent and control the epidemic, guidance of ideological and political education plus psychological counseling, confidence-building for specialty, optimization of students' self-management mode, and extension of characteristic projects. Practically, we screened the epidemic information to ensure students' security, integrated ideological and political education as the core to strengthen students' value; reinforced students'professional confidence by making best use of professional advantages, regulated students' self-management with online courses, and made progress by benefiting from characteristic projects.
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    Historical review on the 65 th anniversary of “Western medicine learning from traditional Chinese medicine” *
    Jiang Longkui
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 46-48.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.116
    Abstract71)      PDF(pc) (1135KB)(35)       Save
    Chairman Mao Zedong called on the movement of “Western medicine learning from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)” to re-orient the health policy in the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. The initial objective of this movement was to correct ignorance and discrimination of TCM as well as integrating TCM with Western medicine in healthcare system. The movement started from the learning the Party’s policies, and turned out to organize TCM lectures, TCM in-service training and full-time training nationwide. After the country experienced the climax of the Great Leap Forward, it returned to normal conditions. The movement has helped to remove the barriers between Western medicine and TCM, enhance the status of TCM, cultivate TCM talents, and most importantly, build a solid foundation for the development of TCM.
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    Consideration and practice of TCM master-apprentice teaching mode assisted by the Internet
    Chen Zhong, Li Junwei, Ding Xi, Zhang Yizhou
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (6): 24-26.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.145
    Abstract69)      PDF(pc) (1093KB)(45)       Save
    TCM master-apprentice teaching mode has played a very important role and received more and more attention in TCM colleges and universities. However, the application of this teaching mode has been largely restricted due to the limitation of time and space. Thanks to the Internet technology, a “triple-dimensional mode”, which includes master-apprentice teaching platform, online learning communities and remote synchronous classrooms, is established to break through the temporal and spacious limitations. Aided by the Internet, the teaching enables teachers and students to approach prominent TCM doctors in their clinics, and the teaching and learning can be conducted online at different places. The outcome is satisfactory and a wider range of students can benefit from this new mode of teaching. It is believed that master-apprentice mode assisted by the Internet will play its positive role in TCM education.
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    Exploration of integrating ideological and political elements into Pharmaceutics of TCM *
    Lu Xurang, Li Zhaoxia, Pan Xueqiang, Li Jing, He Rui, Wu Sha, Ma Li, Wang Manyuan, Qiu Feng, Gong Muxin
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (6): 62-64.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.359
    Abstract69)      PDF(pc) (1095KB)(90)       Save
    The core of integrating ideological and political elements into courses is to guide students to transform knowledge and skills into virtues and qualities, achieving the effective combination of knowledge imparting and value guidance. Pharmaceutics of TCM, a main professional course characterized by comprehensive scientific application, is the course to accomplish this task. With moral education as the basic goal, teachers should not only impart the professional knowledge and skills, but also explore the integration of ideological and political elements into teaching. We explored methods of cultivating students' patriotism, reinforcing their confidence in TCM, developd their innovation and craftsmanship, establishing their professional integrity, and stimulating their enthusiasm to dedicate to the TCM cause through a variety of teaching methods and techniques. The teaching has been effective in “promoting moral education with target and compatibility by best use of classroom teaching”, and it has also improved teachers' quality and teaching levels.
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    Exploration of applying split-class mode in bilingual teaching of Diagnostics of TCM *
    Li Xiuyang, Ren Jian, Liu Juhai, Li Yuqiu, Xu Wanli
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (5): 78-81.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.276
    Abstract65)      PDF(pc) (1146KB)(46)       Save
    Under the context of attaching more importance to cultivating international TCM talents and advocating “student-centered” teaching philosophy, the bilingual teaching team of Diagnostics of TCM has systematically applied the split-class mode concerning teaching objects, teaching contents, and teaching outcomes. In the process of this teaching reform, the team has identified teaching objectives, teaching methods and teaching assessment, and obtained experience and reflection. From this teaching exploration, the team hoped to provide a classroom teaching mode and characteristic practices suitable for bilingual teaching of Diagnostics of TCM in order to stimulate students’ enthusiasm and improve students’ TCM bilingual competence.
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    Bilingual teaching of integrated experiments of Pharmacy and its advantages of diversified teaching *
    Gu Weiliang, Cui Hongyan, Cao Jiaoxian, Guo Fujiang, Han Han, Pu Yiqiong, Shen Xuhua, Song Long, Wang Ying, Zhang Hongmei, Zhang Liuqiang, Zhang Tong, Cui Yajun
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (6): 42-45.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.625
    Abstract64)      PDF(pc) (1480KB)(49)       Save
    Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine has designed and implemented bilingual teaching of integrated experiments of Pharmacy to reinforce the overall concept of pharmacy and improve the comprehensive quality of students. The course focuses on research and findings of the newly developed drugs, integrating related experimental methods, techniques and skills from multiple disciplines such as Pharmacognosy, Natural Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutics, Analytical Chemistry and Pharmacology, etc. Teachers redesigned teaching goals and assessment system to adopt to this reform. After eight-year practice, a relatively mature teaching system has been established, breaking down boundaries of main courses of pharmacy, integrating the theoretical knowledge and experimental skills at different stages of research and development of TCM medicinals. The teaching also conducted bilingually and applied TBL teaching. The course is of great help to improve students ,professional English level and cultivate their cooperative spirit, analytical ability and innovative quality. This paper introduces the course from teaching design, objectives and assessment so as to provide a reference for other colleges and universities.
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    Research on Gynecology of TCM teaching based on mind mapping *
    Tang Lei, Wang Guohua, Li Yunbo, He Xiangyu, Jiang Zixi, Liu Yuxin
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2021, 40 (2): 39-43.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.379
    Abstract60)      PDF(pc) (810KB)(31)       Save
    This paper discusses the connotation, strategies, and considerations of applying mind mapping in teaching and analyzes the application values and advantages for both students and teachers, It is hoped to stimulate students’ learning interest, enhance their critical thinking ability, improve their autonomous learning competence, develop their innovation and sense of cooperation. By so doing, we can improve the teaching quality and promote the new concept of Gynecology of TCM.
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    Practice and exploration of “Five Ones” online teaching of Tuina *
    Zhang Jing, Fang Min, Xiang Leyuan, Sheng Feng, Liu Xiaomei, Li Weijiang, Xiao Bin, Yao Fei
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (6): 19-23.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.195
    Abstract58)      PDF(pc) (1110KB)(41)       Save
    During COVID-19 outbreak, students need to optimize their autonomous learning under “non-stopping teaching and learning” situation. The online teaching of Tuina has adopted the “Five One” autonomous learning scheme to encourage teachers to design their courses from the perspective of teaching, learning, practicing and assessing. In this case, teaching can be conducted in depth and in detail, and can fully stimulate the enthusiasm and initiative of students' autonomous learning, so as to achieve the designed online learning objectives. The “Five One” teaching design not only meets the needs of teaching and learning in the current special period, it can also provide guidance for online and offline teaching.
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    “One Body Two Wings” mode of TCM undergraduate elite education based on popularity of higher education *
    Wang Peng, Peng Daiyin, Xu Fan, Zhang Luyao, Wang Hanwen, Wang Kunli
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (6): 27-30.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.340
    Abstract55)      PDF(pc) (1101KB)(43)       Save
    On the basis of goal-oriented, problem-oriented and demand-oriented background analysis, this paper puts forward the basic idea of educational reform mode of TCM talents under popularity of higher education. “One Body” refers to popular professional education as the main body, while “Two Wings” refers to cultivating the ability to inherit academic TCM and further innovate TCM. The individualized cultivation of undergraduate TCM talents should integratively adopt the following strategies such as bottom-line admission, graded selection, graded progression as well as lenient admission and strict graduation. Also, the cultivation of TCM talents should be carried out by all staff, in the full length and with comprehensive participation of students. This reform has explored a construction not only meeting the needs of large-scale professional education for talent cultivation, but also the needs of teaching according to student's different proficiency, from excellent students to students with special needs. This new mode will promote the growth and success of students with potential, ability, interest and expertise in learning. The authors introduce the concrete measures to promote the implementation of this reform from organizational structure, faculty, curriculum system, personalized training and institutional mechanism.
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    Practice and exploration of cultivating TCM engineering talents “Emerging Engineering Education”: Taking Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine as an example *
    Yao Yong, Hu Hongyi, Shu Jing, Tang Wenchao, Yang Huayuan
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2021, 40 (2): 15-18.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.340
    Abstract55)      PDF(pc) (619KB)(17)       Save
    The strategy of “Healthy China” needs the support of interdisciplinary talents. The integration of medicine and engineering is significant for the construction of “Emerging Engineering Education”, “Emerging Medicine Education” and the cultivation of talents. Based on five-year practice of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, this paper puts forward the following measures: constructing talents training system, innovating teaching methods, establishing mechanism of integrating production and education, promoting internationalized education and so on. It focuses on exploring talents training modes of integrating medicine and engineering with TCM characteristics, so as to provide new concepts and methods for the talents cultivation of TCM engineering.
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    Application of the concept of “integration of medicine and pharmacy” in the teaching of Chinese Materia Medica for undergraduates *
    Liu Haiyan, Zhong Gansheng, Chen Shaohong, Xiu Linlin
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (6): 71-73.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.056
    Abstract55)      PDF(pc) (1094KB)(39)       Save
    Chinese materia medica is one of the core and the main course connecting fundamental theories of TCM and the clinical practice. Based on the concept of medical integration, teachers should equip with: basic knowledge of TCM theories, relevant knowledge of Formulas of TCM, knowledpe of common diseases in clinic, and general knowledge of Chinese Materia Medica. Guided by this concept, the authors advocate that the teaching of Chinese Materia Medica should be tailored according to different specialties and different professional career developments. It is predicted the outcome of the teaching reform from three perspectives. This paper offers an approach to cultivating excellent TCM talents who are proficient in both medicine and pharmacy.
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    Exploration of phased clinic teaching Internal Medicine of TCM *
    Sun Xuanqiu, Jiang Jian, He Yixiao, Qian Chengqiu, Shen Ruobing, Dou Danbo, Qiu fei
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (6): 82-84.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.003
    Abstract55)      PDF(pc) (1166KB)(46)       Save
    Clinic teaching of Internal Medicine of TCM is an important opportunity to train students'pattern differentiation and treatment technology. In January 2018, Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine set up a phased clinic teaching of Internal Medicine of TCM, aiming at training interns 'skills in pattern identification and treatment, focusing on the collection of medical history and the eight principles differentiation, and implementing it in a phased and progressive manner. The one-year operation shows that the phased teaching clinic can strengthen interns 'medical history gathering skills in a short time, and form relatively standardized basic dialectical thinking, laying a more reliable foundation for further improving the level of pattern differentiation and treatment, which is worthy of further research.
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    Reflection on group seminar teaching mode for postgraduates majoring in Neijing *
    Xu Zihang, Zou Chunpu, Zhao Xinhua, Wang Qingqi, Li Haifeng, Wang Lihui, Xue Hui, Chen Zheng, Chen Xiao
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (6): 31-34.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.351
    Abstract53)      PDF(pc) (1108KB)(38)       Save
    With the process of modernization of traditional Chinese medicine, the ancient Neijing has also began to seek for modern language expression. Among them, more attention has been paid to use natural science research (scientific research) to interpret Neijing with modern scientific connotations. The author constructed the teaching mode of group seminar for postgraduates of the Basic Theory of TCM (majoring in Neijing), so as to cultivate their thinking in doing TCM scientific research. The group seminar mode is characterized by TCM elements. In addition, this seminar mode can also be conducted online and offline to facilitate postgraduates research by applying TCM thinking.
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    Teaching exploration of Treatise on Febrile Diseases from the perspective of enhancing core professional competence *
    Xie Xuejiao, Gao Wenhui, Liu Juan, Wu Ruoxia, Zou Xufeng
    Education of Chinese Medicine    2020, 39 (6): 68-70.   DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.165
    Abstract52)      PDF(pc) (1100KB)(42)       Save
    As the fundamental course of TCM, Treatise on Febrile Diseases has played an important role in the cultivation of TCM talents in the past two thousand years. Based on the concept of enhancing core professional competence, this paper explored the teaching reform from teaching orientation, course goals, course implementation, and course evaluation with consideration of features of TCM talents cultivation. It is hoped to optimize the teaching of Treatise on Febrile Diseases and to improve the cultivating quality of TCM talents in their core competence.
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