主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1003-305X CN 11-1349/R
30 March 2021, Volume 40 Issue 2 Previous Issue   
Exploration and practice of new teaching mode of Lemology of TCM*
Li Candong, Xu Kexiang, Huang Guohui
2021, 40 (2):  1-3.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.888
Abstract ( 35 )   PDF (560KB) ( 23 )  
The innovative development mission of TCM colleges and universities is to cultivate virtuous TCM talents, enhance construction of talents with TCM characteristics, and build a high-level TCM team to prevent and treat epidemic diseases. Faced with “New Emerging Medicine”, the current task is to construct a proper talents cultivating program and design suitable curricula to emphasize TCM thinking based on four basic TCM classics. Taking the new teaching mode of TCM Lemology as an example, this paper explains the integration of TCM classics and lemology, and the integration of theory and practice, thus forming a new teaching mode of TCM Lemology, consisting of five modules: core module, thinking module, theoretical module, clinical module, experimental and practical teaching module. The teaching reform has been proved effective.
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Practical exploration of talents cultivation reform in TCM colleges anduniversities in the new era: Taking Changchun University of Chinese Medicine as an example*
Guan Shouning, Li Shanshan, Song Bolin
2021, 40 (2):  4-6.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.886
Abstract ( 17 )   PDF (471KB) ( 10 )  
Changchun University of Chinese Medicine has been resolutely carrying out the Party’s policies and principles, fulfilling the tasks to cultivate high quality talents by integrating ideological and political education into courses. The university conducted teaching reform in TCM classics teaching, and lunched TCM outstanding talents cultivation program and top-talent of Chinese Meteria Medica cultivation program. The reforms followed the law of TCM talents growth and also innovated new ways to cultivate TCM talents. In order to further improve students’abilities, the school carried out innovative education reforms like sunshine sports programs to strengthen their body and foster their innovative and practical capabilities, all of which will lay a solid foundation for comprehensive and lifelong development of students.
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Practice and consideration of constructing TCM general practice education system under the context of public health*
Shu Qin, Qian Yanjuan, Shi Rong, Hu Hongyi
2021, 40 (2):  7-10.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.363
Abstract ( 16 )   PDF (596KB) ( 7 )  
After the outbreak of COVID-19, improving general practice education system and enhancing public health prevention and control capacity have been put on the agenda again. Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine has constructed a general practice education system of TCM. It is proposed that general practice education of TCM should run through the whole process, covering college education, post-graduation education and continuing education. Education and healthcare systems should cooperate to innovate the training mechanism of general practice talents of TCM. The connection between clinical practice and public health should be strengthened. Medical colleges and universities should increase academic support to community health service centers. It is necessary to give full play to the advantages of TCM in prevention and treatment, and cultivate teams of general practitioners of TCM.
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Practice and exploration of establishing grade examination of TCM classicsknowledge in TCM colleges and universities
Chen Xianchun, Zeng Yuaner
2021, 40 (2):  11-14.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.258
Abstract ( 17 )   PDF (542KB) ( 8 )  
TCM classics are the foundation and essence of TCM, and it is a must for the making of TCM talents. This paper identified the necessity and significance of grade examination of TCM classics knowledge in TCM colleges and universities. Based on teaching reforms of TCM classics, the authors put forward the construction of grade examination of TCM classics knowledge, and explored approaches to reform TCM classics teaching. The practice also explored methods to cultivate students’ TCM thinking, consolidate their basic knowledge of TCM and offered beneficial attempts to improve clinical level of TCM talents.
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Practice and exploration of cultivating TCM engineering talents “Emerging Engineering Education”: Taking Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine as an example*
Yao Yong, Hu Hongyi, Shu Jing, Tang Wenchao, Yang Huayuan
2021, 40 (2):  15-18.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.340
Abstract ( 27 )   PDF (619KB) ( 6 )  
The strategy of “Healthy China” needs the support of interdisciplinary talents. The integration of medicine and engineering is significant for the construction of “Emerging Engineering Education”, “Emerging Medicine Education” and the cultivation of talents. Based on five-year practice of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, this paper puts forward the following measures: constructing talents training system, innovating teaching methods, establishing mechanism of integrating production and education, promoting internationalized education and so on. It focuses on exploring talents training modes of integrating medicine and engineering with TCM characteristics, so as to provide new concepts and methods for the talents cultivation of TCM engineering.
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Practice and reflection on integrated course of Structure and Function of Human Body Ⅱ*
Guo Jian, Sun Hongmei, Cheng Wei, Zhu Qingwen, Chen Yucai
2021, 40 (2):  19-22.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.575
Abstract ( 13 )   PDF (592KB) ( 7 )  
Structure and Function of Human Body is a reform course for Qihuang TCM class in Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. The course is composed of Structure and Function of Human Body I and Ⅱ, integrating the following three courses: Human Anatomy, Histoembryology and Physiology. The content of Structure and Function of Human Body II is normal function and mechanism of human body. This paper identifies teaching philosophies and features, and analyzes the teaching effects by investigating students’ feedbacks on teaching modes and teaching contents via questionnaires. The findings show that the teaching content and teaching methods of this integrated course have fulfilled the multiple teaching objectives, including knowledge, skills, abilities and emotions, which have been recognized by students. The student-oriented teaching provides concepts and experiences for further improvement of this course in the future.
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Implications of biological science development courses in Nanyang Technological University to undergraduate teaching in China*
Chu Zhulang, Zhen Weizhe, Guo Jian, Sun Hongmei, Fei Yutong
2021, 40 (2):  23-26.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.588
Abstract ( 26 )   PDF (640KB) ( 17 )  
The Bioscience Development Project in Nanyang Technological University(NTU) is an overseas study and training program for undergraduates of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (BUCM). This paper analyzes the teaching characteristics of biological science development courses in NTU from the aspects of teaching hours, teaching materials, classroom teaching, course assessment and score composition, and summarizes the questionnaire survey of students participating in the project. This paper puts forward some implications for domestic undergraduate teaching from the perspectives of improving students’autonomous learning and communication and cooperation ability, scientific research feeding back teaching, teaching in English, so as to further enhance the teaching level and talents training quality of domestic undergraduate.
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Survey on “TCM going globally” from translative action perspective:Taking Unschuld’s English version of Huangdi Neijing as an example*
Huang Jing
2021, 40 (2):  27-31.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.527
Abstract ( 18 )   PDF (751KB) ( 4 )  
Objective: This paper explores the effective overseas transmission mode of TCM through Unschuld’s English Version of Huangdi Neijing, and offers references for translation of TCM classics. Methods Based on the translative action theory, an analysis is conducted on the Unschuld’s English Version of Huangdi Neijing. The analysis is carried out from the following five aspects respectively: the translator, the version, the channel, the readers, and the critic reviews. Results Unschuld’s English Version of Huangdi Neijing has exerted positive impact and significant effect on overseas transmission of TCM. Conclusion An effective transmission mode can be identified from the study of Unschuld’s English Version of Huangdi Neijing to actually promote “TCM going globally”.
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Research on constructing virtual simulation training course of TCM Diagnostics*
Jian Weixiong, Liang Hao, Li Xin, Hu Zhixi, Wang Jianguo
2021, 40 (2):  32-34.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.186
Abstract ( 14 )   PDF (469KB) ( 4 )  
The training course of TCM Diagnostics has played a positive role in cultivating students’ operational skills, dialectical thinking and broadening their horizons, however, the teaching quality of this training course is undesirable due to some factors. The virtual simulation technology and teaching platform which simulates various practical operation processes intuitively and vividly is favored but still at its initial stage. This study attempted to construct a virtual simulation training platform for the training course of TCM Diagnostics, focusing on virtual simulation physiologically and pathologically. It is hoped to apply virtual simulated technology in TCM Diagnostics and provide teaching concepts and methods to more TCM courses.
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Current situation and hotspots analysis on research of Synopsis of the Golden Chamber teaching*
Cao Shan, Lin Lianmei, Cai Rong, Yang Fan, Wang Hongwu, Li Yunhai
2021, 40 (2):  35-38.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.551
Abstract ( 17 )   PDF (877KB) ( 5 )  
Objective This paper aims at exploring current situation and hot spots on the teaching of Synopsis of the Golden Chamber by analyzing published articles to provide concepts and methods to improve teaching in the future. Method Published years, journal distribution, authors’ institutions, core authors, high frequency keywords are bibliometrically analyzed. Results (1) There are 280 related research papers in this study, and the annual number of published articles shows an overall upward trend, among which the highest is 26 in 2015. (2) According to Price law, “core journals” and “core author” have been formed already based on the analysis of the published papers. (3) “Case teaching” is most frequent keyword apart from Synopsis of the Golden Chamber and “teaching”. Based on cluster analysis, the highest frequency keywords can be roughly divided into five categories, indicating such hot spots as teaching methods, concepts and talents training. Conclusion As one of the core basic courses of traditional Chinese medicine, Synopsis of the Golden Chamber has gained more attention. Its teaching methods have especially been explored in recent years. The findings also show that we must attach importance to clinical practice while introducing new teaching modes in cultivating practical talents of TCM.
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Research on Gynecology of TCM teaching based on mind mapping*
Tang Lei, Wang Guohua, Li Yunbo, He Xiangyu, Jiang Zixi, Liu Yuxin
2021, 40 (2):  39-43.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.379
Abstract ( 19 )   PDF (810KB) ( 8 )  
This paper discusses the connotation, strategies, and considerations of applying mind mapping in teaching and analyzes the application values and advantages for both students and teachers, It is hoped to stimulate students’ learning interest, enhance their critical thinking ability, improve their autonomous learning competence, develop their innovation and sense of cooperation. By so doing, we can improve the teaching quality and promote the new concept of Gynecology of TCM.
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Application of PBL mode based on Wechat in the teaching of Medicinal Plant Resource*
Huang Linfang, Zheng Yan, Sun Xiao, Xu Wanqi Tian Lixia, Zhang Xinke
2021, 40 (2):  44-47.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.283
Abstract ( 18 )   PDF (609KB) ( 6 )  
To strengthen the construction of Double First-rate disciplines and promote the reform of teaching of Medicinal Plant Resource for postgraduates, we introduced PBL (Problem-based Learning) teaching by integrating WeChat new media platform and considering the characteristics of current college students. Based on the elite education concept of “small-scale with characteristics” of Peking Union Medical College as well as the specialty of Medicinal Plant Resource, we established a new PBL teaching mode assisted by WeChat media platform, analyzed the teaching features, and demonstrated the teaching effects. The findings show that this new teaching mode has enhanced students’ learning enthusiasm and initiatives, aroused their interest in applying theory into practice. It has fulfilled the goal of cultivating innovative talents in the field of Medicinal Plant Resource, and the teaching mode is worth further promoting.
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Research and application on PBL-based teaching mode in courses of hospital accounting and financial management*
Jiang Yan, Cheng Wei, Zhao Liying
2021, 40 (2):  48-51.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.278
Abstract ( 17 )   PDF (556KB) ( 3 )  
According to the teaching characteristics of finance and accounting courses, we reformed the course system of hospital accounting and financial management based on a PBL teaching mode, and also conducted a questionnaire of 128 students. The findings showed that most students were satisfied with the team-learning style and interactive assessment of the PBL teaching mode. The classroom atmosphere can be greatly activated, and students’ enthusiasm can be stimulated so that students can better obtain knowledge in class. Statistically, the reform greatly improved students’ final examination scores and course performances. However, we should take some issues into consideration in the reforming process, such as team construction, assessment, preparation for teaching cases and higher requirements for the comprehensive ability of teachers.
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Application of mind mapping in the teaching of Chinese Formulas*
Fu Shufei, Liu Hongyan, Zhou Zhihuan
2021, 40 (2):  52-55.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.043
Abstract ( 18 )   PDF (1218KB) ( 6 )  
The object of this study is to explore the application of mind mapping in the teaching of Chinese Formulas. From 2016 to 2019 three consecutive academic years, we randomly selected one or two TCM-majored classes as experimental groups applying mind mapping teaching, while the rest classes were control groups using traditional teaching methods. Statistical analysis was based on final exam scores. The findings showed that the average score, excellent rate, and passing rate of the experimental groups were significantly higher than those of the control groups. Mind mapping as a tool for thinking training in the teaching of Chinese Formulas can be further implemented.
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Practice of developing critical thinking based on WeChat platform: Taking Japanese Newspaper Reading as an example*
Chen Jing, Zhang Ping
2021, 40 (2):  56-61.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.254
Abstract ( 16 )   PDF (1876KB) ( 4 )  
As the core quality of talents in the 21st century, the mode and strategy of cultivating critical thinking ability has always been the focus of college education.With the development of science and technology, network information technology has provided powerful technical support and application space for the training of critical thinking ability. Based on the theory of critical thinking, this study designed critical thinking-oriented classroom activities of Japanese Newspaper Reading by integrating the following WeChat functions such as communication groups, public accounts, and educational applets. The study also examined its teaching effects through experiments. The findings showed that the mode has a positive impact on critical thinking in terms of “analyticity”, “curiosity” and “openness”, and can effectively promote the development of critical thinking ability.
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Reflection and application of traditional cultures in the teaching of Chinese Formulas*
Huang Hong, Huang Jiansheng, Shen Minhe, Ji Xuming, Guo Haifeng, Tao Fangfang
2021, 40 (2):  62-65.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.179
Abstract ( 18 )   PDF (661KB) ( 3 )  
Traditional Chinese medicine is rooted in China’s specific historical and cultural backgrounds, and its theoretical system has been influenced by traditional cultures. As one of the important courses of traditional Chinese medicine, the teaching of Chinese Formulas should focus on the integration of traditional cultures into the teaching system and teaching content. This paper exemplifies the representation of traditional cultures, such as Zhouyi, Confucianism, Taoism, and Bingjia in the teaching of Chinese Formulas, which can help students to understand, connect, and apply the knowledge. The integration of traditional cultures also enhance students’ humanistic quality.
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Discussion on the thinking of change in Diagnostics of TCM*
Guo Ziyi, Gao Na, Long Tianjian, Li Yiming, Che Zhiying
2021, 40 (2):  66-68.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.298
Abstract ( 14 )   PDF (486KB) ( 3 )  
The thinking of change in ancient Chinese philosophy is an important foundation for the construction of TCM philosophy, and it has also exerted an important impact on the theoretical system of TCM. This paper expounds the thinking of change from four aspects by interpreting the concept of the thinking of change, the actual representations of the thinking of change in TCM and Diagnostics of TCM. It also analyzes the thinking of change in the syndrome differentiation and diagnostic methods in order to establish modes of TCM thinking.
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“Character-image” memorizing method of medicinals based on Chinese character glyph*
Wang Xiaoqiang, Zeng Weiling, Wang Raoqiong, Pu Yuting, Bai Xue
2021, 40 (2):  69-71.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.225
Abstract ( 15 )   PDF (482KB) ( 6 )  
This paper puts forward Image-picture” memorizing method of medicinals based on Chinese character glyph with the help of Chinese character patterns, analogy in TCM, memory assisted by images, positional memorizing, and story associating to memorizing. This method takes a single Chinese character in the name of a medicinal as a “memory site”. The first step is to sort out the medicinal’s taste, property, meridian and actions, then draw the analogies between the characteristics of the medicinal and the character glyph, identifying corresponding representations in the character and then locating these characteristics in the “memory site” by using keywords and images. A complete “character-image” picture will be formed once all the elements of a medicinal are filled into the Chinese character. By associating the name of the medicinal and the character-image memory site formed by its containing images, students can quickly recall the taste, property and meridian and actions of the medicinal. This method adopts the thinking principle of traditional Chinese medicine images and positioning memory skills, which can not only reduce the difficulty of memorizing the knowledge points, but also exercise the thinking ability of traditional Chinese medicine images.
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Application of mind mapping in the teaching of Immunology*
Liu Qi, Wang Jianguo, Jia Lu, Guo Yu, Li Baozhen, Hao Huiqin
2021, 40 (2):  72-74.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.162
Abstract ( 12 )   PDF (466KB) ( 3 )  
The aim of this study is to improve the teaching quality of Immunology for undergraduates. In teaching, we should guide the students to use different types of mind mapping such as diverqent mind mapping, convergent mind mapping, and classified mind mapping so as to improve the learning outcome and achieve the goals of teaching. The application of mind mapping can stimulate students’ enthusiasm and interest in learning, and enhance their initiative in the course. Mind mapping is an effective teaching method.
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Application of online BOPPPS teaching mode in Pathologoy*
Li Suyun, Zhang Yue, Zhou Chunxian, Wu Linqun
2021, 40 (2):  75-77.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.443
Abstract ( 27 )   PDF (443KB) ( 7 )  
Under the special circumstances of the pandemic, we applied BOPPPS teaching mode into Pathology online teaching by integrating such elements as teaching goals, pre-test, interaction, post-test and summary. Guided by the general teaching goals, we implemented the online teaching mode of “online self-study+online interactive teaching broadcasting+online homework discussion”. We also enhanced student’s autonomous learning ability by making best use of online resources and electronic textbooks. Aided by interactive online teaching, we tried to help students to grasp the key content and erase their learning difficulties. We could learn students learning and provide timely feedbacks via online homework and discussion. This online teaching mode fully reflects the closed loop teaching process with the emphasis on students’ participation and teachers’ feedback. The teaching realized the goal of “teaching without stopping” and also guaranteed the desirable effects of the online teaching of Pathology.
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Practical teaching strategies for residents’ standardized training of Dermatology of TCM*
Liu Yumin, Zhou Tao
2021, 40 (2):  78-81.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.289
Abstract ( 14 )   PDF (652KB) ( 6 )  
Standardized training of residents in Dermatology of TCM is characterized by its own specialized features and different from that of Internal Medicine. Based on the analysis of its characteristics and common problems in standardized training, the authors put forward the following countermeasures to deal with the existing problems: making proper plans for training in the department of TCM Dermatology, constructing learning databases, formulating assessment schemes and regulating working systems, developing concepts of medical humanities, etc. It is hoped to provide new concepts for practical teaching of residents’ standardized training of Dermatology of TCM.
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Medical case analysis of Dongyang Chenshushan Xiaonan in Biography of Hua Tuo
Tian Hu, Zhang Haihong, Liu Juan
2021, 40 (2):  82-84.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.585
Abstract ( 15 )   PDF (541KB) ( 3 )  
Medical case Dongyang Chenshushan Xiaonan, recorded in Biography of Hua Tuo, has been a case difficult to understand. The composition of medicinals of this formula is controversial. This paper analyzes the four ingredients from the perspective of medical theories and philology, claiming that Siwu Nvyuan Pill is composed of four medicinals plus Nvyuan. The four medicinals are ingredients of Lizhong Decoction, i.e., Renshen, Baizhu, Ganjiang and Gancao.
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