主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1003-305X CN 11-1349/R
30 November 2020, Volume 39 Issue 6 Previous Issue   
Consideration and exploration of curriculum construction of Lemology of TCM*
Liu Tiegang, Gu Xiaohong
2020, 39 (6):  1-3.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.339
Abstract ( 44 )   PDF (1171KB) ( 40 )  
Based on the background of COVID-19 prevention and control, the authors has made in-depth exploration on curriculum construction of Lemology of TCM in TCM colleges and universities. They believe courses of Lemology of TCM should strengthen the confidence of TCM culture and reinforce ideological and political teaching; inherit TCM classics and cultivate TCM thinking; emphasize the ability to apply theories into clinical practices and deepen medical and educational collaboration; attach importance to integrate TCM to Western medicine and lay equal stress on TCM and Western medicine; reinforce teaching-researching integration and strengthen the interdisciplinary cooperation; innovate teaching modes and optimize teaching staff. The curriculum construction of Lemology of TCM is of great significance to give full play to the advantages of traditional Chinese medicine in the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases.
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Exploration and practice of class management in TCM colleges and universities during COVID-19 outbreak
Tang Yang, Hao Silan, Wang Yafei, Cheng Jiaxuan, Chang An, Liu Weichao, Liu Dongmiao, Zhao Jianlei
2020, 39 (6):  4-7.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.140
Abstract ( 38 )   PDF (1104KB) ( 28 )  
Class management is an important part of grid management in colleges and universities, especially during the fight against COVID-19. In this paper, we explored the class management mode from the following five aspects: measures to prevent and control the epidemic, guidance of ideological and political education plus psychological counseling, confidence-building for specialty, optimization of students' self-management mode, and extension of characteristic projects. Practically, we screened the epidemic information to ensure students' security, integrated ideological and political education as the core to strengthen students' value; reinforced students'professional confidence by making best use of professional advantages, regulated students' self-management with online courses, and made progress by benefiting from characteristic projects.
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Research and application of artificial intelligence test paper proposition and its analytic system during COVID-19*
Wang Li, Zhou Xuemei, Li Lingxiu, Wu Fan, Chen Renming, Huang Wen, Dong Changwu
2020, 39 (6):  8-10.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.294
Abstract ( 28 )   PDF (1097KB) ( 25 )  
In the era of “Internet+education”, schools should actively adopt to the new technological changes. In this paper, the authors introduced the use of analytic system of artificial intelligence test paper proposition for Diagnostics of TCM during COVID-19 outbreak. The normalization and standardization of test paper proposition, analysis and feedback of Diagnostics of TCM improved the credibility and validity of the course assessment. Meanwhile, the function of paperless assessment made online assessment possible. The customized system is multi-functional, convenient and meets the requirements of the course. It can provide efficient services during and after the epidemic prevention and control.
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Innovative practice and implication of ideological and political education in Chinese Materia Medica online course during COVID-19 Outbreak *
Lin Zhijian, Zhang Xiaomeng, Zhang Bing, Liu Xin
2020, 39 (6):  11-14.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.143
Abstract ( 37 )   PDF (1101KB) ( 18 )  
This article aims to explore the rich traditional cultural,ideological and political elements, and further innovatively apply these valuable resources into the teaching of Chinese Materia Medica. It is particularly important to implement online ideological and political education in professional courses during COVID-19 outbreak. This online course can better integrate elements such as patriotism, academic confidence, integrity, diligence and selflessness into the teaching during the special period. The practice has renewed the teaching concepts, increased the breadth and depth of ideological and political teaching and developed students' ability of self-study. The COVID-19 outbreak has presented challenges to teaching and exerted profound impacts on students psychologically, spiritually and behaviorally, all of which will bring opportunities for the development of ideological and political teaching. In this case, this teaching practice provided a good reference for the implementation of the ideological and political education in professional courses.
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Wisdom Class-based teaching mode of “listening-watching-practicing- thinking-reflecting” during COVID-19: A case study of Integrated Chinese and Western Internal Medicine*
Xian Xiaole, Chang Hong, Ding Peijie, Cao Ying, Zhang Zhongyong, Li Ji'an
2020, 39 (6):  15-18.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.122
Abstract ( 25 )   PDF (1112KB) ( 9 )  
Based on the existing teaching problems of Internal Medicine of Integrated Chinese and Western Medicine, we adopted output-oriented approach to fulfilling teaching objectives, orienting curriculum, adjusting teaching content, reforming teaching methods, evaluating teaching efficacy, and improving assessment system. The Wisdom Class-based teaching mode of “listening-watching-practicing-thinking-reflecting” was formed to optimize online teaching and enhance students' intelligence. We actively turned the crisis into opportunities, integrating professional expertise with experiences gained from the fight against COVID-19, training students to use TCM knowledge and apply clinical thinking in the face of the pandemic. By so doing, the course construction and training objectives can be connected, and the training objectives can be in line with the professional needs. The online teaching reform enabled orderly teaching possible during COVID-19 outbreak.
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Practice and exploration of “Five Ones” online teaching of Tuina*
Zhang Jing, Fang Min, Xiang Leyuan, Sheng Feng, Liu Xiaomei, Li Weijiang, Xiao Bin, Yao Fei
2020, 39 (6):  19-23.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.195
Abstract ( 30 )   PDF (1110KB) ( 14 )  
During COVID-19 outbreak, students need to optimize their autonomous learning under “non-stopping teaching and learning” situation. The online teaching of Tuina has adopted the “Five One” autonomous learning scheme to encourage teachers to design their courses from the perspective of teaching, learning, practicing and assessing. In this case, teaching can be conducted in depth and in detail, and can fully stimulate the enthusiasm and initiative of students' autonomous learning, so as to achieve the designed online learning objectives. The “Five One” teaching design not only meets the needs of teaching and learning in the current special period, it can also provide guidance for online and offline teaching.
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Consideration and practice of TCM master-apprentice teaching mode assisted by the Internet
Chen Zhong, Li Junwei, Ding Xi, Zhang Yizhou
2020, 39 (6):  24-26.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.145
Abstract ( 23 )   PDF (1093KB) ( 13 )  
TCM master-apprentice teaching mode has played a very important role and received more and more attention in TCM colleges and universities. However, the application of this teaching mode has been largely restricted due to the limitation of time and space. Thanks to the Internet technology, a “triple-dimensional mode”, which includes master-apprentice teaching platform, online learning communities and remote synchronous classrooms, is established to break through the temporal and spacious limitations. Aided by the Internet, the teaching enables teachers and students to approach prominent TCM doctors in their clinics, and the teaching and learning can be conducted online at different places. The outcome is satisfactory and a wider range of students can benefit from this new mode of teaching. It is believed that master-apprentice mode assisted by the Internet will play its positive role in TCM education.
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“One Body Two Wings” mode of TCM undergraduate elite education based on popularity of higher education*
Wang Peng, Peng Daiyin, Xu Fan, Zhang Luyao, Wang Hanwen, Wang Kunli
2020, 39 (6):  27-30.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.340
Abstract ( 21 )   PDF (1101KB) ( 16 )  
On the basis of goal-oriented, problem-oriented and demand-oriented background analysis, this paper puts forward the basic idea of educational reform mode of TCM talents under popularity of higher education. “One Body” refers to popular professional education as the main body, while “Two Wings” refers to cultivating the ability to inherit academic TCM and further innovate TCM. The individualized cultivation of undergraduate TCM talents should integratively adopt the following strategies such as bottom-line admission, graded selection, graded progression as well as lenient admission and strict graduation. Also, the cultivation of TCM talents should be carried out by all staff, in the full length and with comprehensive participation of students. This reform has explored a construction not only meeting the needs of large-scale professional education for talent cultivation, but also the needs of teaching according to student's different proficiency, from excellent students to students with special needs. This new mode will promote the growth and success of students with potential, ability, interest and expertise in learning. The authors introduce the concrete measures to promote the implementation of this reform from organizational structure, faculty, curriculum system, personalized training and institutional mechanism.
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Reflection on group seminar teaching mode for postgraduates majoring in Neijing*
Xu Zihang, Zou Chunpu, Zhao Xinhua, Wang Qingqi, Li Haifeng, Wang Lihui, Xue Hui, Chen Zheng, Chen Xiao
2020, 39 (6):  31-34.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.351
Abstract ( 18 )   PDF (1108KB) ( 14 )  
With the process of modernization of traditional Chinese medicine, the ancient Neijing has also began to seek for modern language expression. Among them, more attention has been paid to use natural science research (scientific research) to interpret Neijing with modern scientific connotations. The author constructed the teaching mode of group seminar for postgraduates of the Basic Theory of TCM (majoring in Neijing), so as to cultivate their thinking in doing TCM scientific research. The group seminar mode is characterized by TCM elements. In addition, this seminar mode can also be conducted online and offline to facilitate postgraduates research by applying TCM thinking.
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Reconsideration of the reform of Traditional Chinese Medicine Education
Sun Xiaoguang, Ma Chongyang
2020, 39 (6):  35-41.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.445
Abstract ( 30 )   PDF (1369KB) ( 9 )  
In this paper the authors point out that enhancing TCM clinical thinking ability and multidisciplinary cultivating are the decisive factors for high quality TCM talents based on the review of TCM education since 1949. It is suggested that we should attach importance to top-level design, identify cultivating goals, develop clinical ability, and respect the law of TCM development. We should also promote teaching reform by integrating research, constructing teaching and learning assessment based on TCM disciplines, and emphasizing teachers' ability. TCM clinical practice should be emphasized by TCM classics learning and practice. Practice bases should be characterized by master-apprentice teaching mode which can link classroom teaching, clinical practice and employment. In this process, we should construct TCM clinic-oriented teaching team.
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Bilingual teaching of integrated experiments of Pharmacy and its advantages of diversified teaching*
Gu Weiliang, Cui Hongyan, Cao Jiaoxian, Guo Fujiang, Han Han, Pu Yiqiong, Shen Xuhua, Song Long, Wang Ying, Zhang Hongmei, Zhang Liuqiang, Zhang Tong, Cui Yajun
2020, 39 (6):  42-45.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.625
Abstract ( 23 )   PDF (1480KB) ( 23 )  
Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine has designed and implemented bilingual teaching of integrated experiments of Pharmacy to reinforce the overall concept of pharmacy and improve the comprehensive quality of students. The course focuses on research and findings of the newly developed drugs, integrating related experimental methods, techniques and skills from multiple disciplines such as Pharmacognosy, Natural Medicinal Chemistry, Pharmaceutics, Analytical Chemistry and Pharmacology, etc. Teachers redesigned teaching goals and assessment system to adopt to this reform. After eight-year practice, a relatively mature teaching system has been established, breaking down boundaries of main courses of pharmacy, integrating the theoretical knowledge and experimental skills at different stages of research and development of TCM medicinals. The teaching also conducted bilingually and applied TBL teaching. The course is of great help to improve students,professional English level and cultivate their cooperative spirit, analytical ability and innovative quality. This paper introduces the course from teaching design, objectives and assessment so as to provide a reference for other colleges and universities.
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Constructing and exploring Formula-centered database for TCM main courses
Sun Xiaoxiao, Ma Ran, Zhang Lin
2020, 39 (6):  46-50.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.103
Abstract ( 21 )   PDF (3606KB) ( 14 )  
We constructed a learning database that can be used to present and search interrelated knowledge of different main courses of TCM by using Microsoft Access 2019 software. The database is centered on formulas from Formulas of TCM, supplemented by key knowledge on Chinese Materia Medica, Internal Medicine of TCM, External Medicine of TCM, Gynecology of TCM, Pediatrics of TCM, and Theories of Different Schools of TCM. The database contains four sections: basic information, composition and application of TCM formulas; basic information of TCM medicinals, the pharmacological actions and the indications in TCM formulas; basic information, works and academic thoughts of formula makers; charts and diagrams presenting connections of knowledge. The database can not only provide assistance for the online teaching of TCM under COVID-19 epidemic, but also provide convenient and effective services for students to review TCM knowledge and identify the interrelated logic and relation.
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Construction and application of virtual simulation experiment teaching project of Processing of Chinese Medicinals*
Ma Zhiguo, Xu Jun, Tan Qiutong, Zhang Ying, Wu Menghua, Cao Hui
2020, 39 (6):  51-54.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.007
Abstract ( 18 )   PDF (1103KB) ( 6 )  
The application of virtual simulation technology in Processing of Chinese Medicinals can make up the limitations of the experiment teaching. This paper introduced the construction approach of virtual simulation experiment teaching project by taking processing genuine medicinal materials. It also introduced the construction content and indentifing some existing problems as well. With the development of new technology and hardware, the construction of virtual simulation projects with more perfect functions can enrich the teaching resources of virtual simulation system, providing a powerful supplement for the traditional teaching mode of Processing of Chinese Medicinals.
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Cultivating clinical thinking of Traditional Chinese Medicine for undergraduates*
Liu Wen
2020, 39 (6):  55-57.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.100
Abstract ( 31 )   PDF (1152KB) ( 18 )  
TCM thinking is a process in which TCM doctors make decision based on investigation, research, analysis and judgment on diseases. It is very important to cultivate TCM clinical thinking and is very important for the cultivation of TCM clinical talents. The key stage is in undergraduate education. At this stage, we should start from the following aspects to improve the clinical thinking: four diagnostic methods to collect patients' data; core pathogenesis to understand the nature and development of diseases; quantitative analysis to analyze primary and secondary contradictions; dialectical thinking and logical thinking combined to identify patterns and prescribe treatment; inheritance and innovation of Tcm.
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Integrating ideological and political elements into Pharmaceutical Administration and Regulations*
Shen Qun, Dai Jiaojiao, Zhang Chunhui
2020, 39 (6):  58-61.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.341
Abstract ( 25 )   PDF (1107KB) ( 55 )  
The purpose of ideological and political education in Pharmaceutical Administration and Regulations is to cultivate students' awareness of the rule of law, quality, responsibility and service, and also to cultivate the socialist professional ethics of pharmacy. The course is based on the knowledge and skills of Pharmaceutical Administration and Regulations, integrating the following elements into teaching, such as positive influence of celebrities, reflection and discussion of cases, motivation of brand stories, reconsideration of film and television, and evaluation of online resources. Students are able to perceive scientific spirit, patriotism, professional ethics, and learning attitudes inside and outside classroom in a subtle way like “the rain moistening the crops gently and silently”. The evaluation of ideological and political education can be obtained through questionnaire, reflection and message sharing.
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Exploration of integrating ideological and political elements into Pharmaceutics of TCM*
Lu Xurang, Li Zhaoxia, Pan Xueqiang, Li Jing, He Rui, Wu Sha, Ma Li, Wang Manyuan, Qiu Feng, Gong Muxin
2020, 39 (6):  62-64.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.359
Abstract ( 19 )   PDF (1095KB) ( 30 )  
The core of integrating ideological and political elements into courses is to guide students to transform knowledge and skills into virtues and qualities, achieving the effective combination of knowledge imparting and value guidance. Pharmaceutics of TCM, a main professional course characterized by comprehensive scientific application, is the course to accomplish this task. With moral education as the basic goal, teachers should not only impart the professional knowledge and skills, but also explore the integration of ideological and political elements into teaching. We explored methods of cultivating students' patriotism, reinforcing their confidence in TCM, developd their innovation and craftsmanship, establishing their professional integrity, and stimulating their enthusiasm to dedicate to the TCM cause through a variety of teaching methods and techniques. The teaching has been effective in “promoting moral education with target and compatibility by best use of classroom teaching”, and it has also improved teachers' quality and teaching levels.
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Application of case method in the teaching of Neijing*
Chen Zijie, Wu Yufeng, Han Yizhen, Zhai Shuangqing
2020, 39 (6):  65-67.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.163
Abstract ( 27 )   PDF (1099KB) ( 21 )  
The application of case method in the teaching of Neijing aims at improving students'theoretical knowledge and cultivating their ability to solve clinical problems in practice. Based on the authors' teaching experience, this paper first identifies the important role of case method in the teaching of Neijing, and then explores the main aspects of case selection and application, including clinical cases, prescription cases, expert's cases, theory cases, etc. The authors also emphasize the integration of other teaching methods to guarantee and enhance the teaching effectiveness, such as lead-in, discussion, PBL, comparison as well as blended teaching methods.
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Teaching exploration of Treatise on Febrile Diseases from the perspective of enhancing core professional competence*
Xie Xuejiao, Gao Wenhui, Liu Juan, Wu Ruoxia, Zou Xufeng
2020, 39 (6):  68-70.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.165
Abstract ( 26 )   PDF (1100KB) ( 15 )  
As the fundamental course of TCM, Treatise on Febrile Diseases has played an important role in the cultivation of TCM talents in the past two thousand years. Based on the concept of enhancing core professional competence, this paper explored the teaching reform from teaching orientation, course goals, course implementation, and course evaluation with consideration of features of TCM talents cultivation. It is hoped to optimize the teaching of Treatise on Febrile Diseases and to improve the cultivating quality of TCM talents in their core competence.
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Application of the concept of “integration of medicine and pharmacy” in the teaching of Chinese Materia Medica for undergraduates*
Liu Haiyan, Zhong Gansheng, Chen Shaohong, Xiu Linlin
2020, 39 (6):  71-73.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.056
Abstract ( 26 )   PDF (1094KB) ( 11 )  
Chinese materia medica is one of the core and the main course connecting fundamental theories of TCM and the clinical practice. Based on the concept of medical integration, teachers should equip with: basic knowledge of TCM theories, relevant knowledge of Formulas of TCM, knowledpe of common diseases in clinic, and general knowledge of Chinese Materia Medica. Guided by this concept, the authors advocate that the teaching of Chinese Materia Medica should be tailored according to different specialties and different professional career developments. It is predicted the outcome of the teaching reform from three perspectives. This paper offers an approach to cultivating excellent TCM talents who are proficient in both medicine and pharmacy.
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Action research on blended learning mode of Chinese Materia Medica assisted by MOOC*
Yuan Ying, Zhang Guibiao, He Shimin, Yang Baican, Jin Suan
2020, 39 (6):  74-77.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.026
Abstract ( 21 )   PDF (1106KB) ( 21 )  
This paper explores the application of MOOC-based blended learning mode in Chinese Materia Medica by using action research method. We constructed a blended learning mode and conducted the action research on teaching based on the following four procedures: planning, acting, observing and reflecting. The findings showed that MOOC-based blended learning combined the advantages of traditional teaching and online learning, expanded the time and space of class, enhanced students' autonomous learning, and also achieved the expected learning outcome in terms of examination results. This action study also provides a reference for further blended learning practices.
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Practice and reflection on blended teaching of Basic Theory of TCM assisted by MOOC*
Yan Can, Wu Lili, Zhu Penghui, Liu Lingyun, Liu Yamei, Wu Zuchun, Chen Jie, Wang Hanzhang
2020, 39 (6):  78-81.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.153
Abstract ( 17 )   PDF (1511KB) ( 18 )  
Blending teaching is a teaching mode that combines traditional classroom teaching (offline teaching) with Internet teaching (online teaching) to achieve the optimal teaching effect through the use of a variety of teaching media and tools. Basic Theory of TCM is a main course in TCM curriculum system, and its teaching quality plays an important role in the cultivation of TCM talents. Based on the self-developed MOOC, after the two semesters of integrated online and offline teaching of basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine, this paper summarizes the teaching practice from five aspects: teaching philosophy, teaching design, teaching implementation, teaching methods and teaching resources, and teaching effect evaluation. At the same time, the problems in teaching practice and the future work are reflected and suggestions are put forward.
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Exploration of phased clinic teaching Internal Medicine of TCM*
Sun Xuanqiu, Jiang Jian, He Yixiao, Qian Chengqiu, Shen Ruobing, Dou Danbo, Qiu fei
2020, 39 (6):  82-84.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.06.003
Abstract ( 23 )   PDF (1166KB) ( 18 )  
Clinic teaching of Internal Medicine of TCM is an important opportunity to train students'pattern differentiation and treatment technology. In January 2018, Shuguang Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine set up a phased clinic teaching of Internal Medicine of TCM, aiming at training interns 'skills in pattern identification and treatment, focusing on the collection of medical history and the eight principles differentiation, and implementing it in a phased and progressive manner. The one-year operation shows that the phased teaching clinic can strengthen interns 'medical history gathering skills in a short time, and form relatively standardized basic dialectical thinking, laying a more reliable foundation for further improving the level of pattern differentiation and treatment, which is worthy of further research.
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