主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1003-305X CN 11-1349/R

Table of Content

    30 September 2020, Volume 39 Issue 5 Previous Issue   
    Survey of online teaching in TCM colleges and universities from the perspective of teacher during COVID-19
    Jiao Nan, Gu Xiaohong, Yuan Na, Li Lu, Zhai Shuangqing
    2020, 39 (5):  1-6.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.234
    Abstract ( 59 )   PDF (1299KB) ( 35 )   Save
    This paper aims at analyzing current online teaching status and problems during COVID-19 outbreak, and then providing data for the improvement of teaching in TCM colleges and universities. By using mixed methods, we conducted nationwide online questionnaires covering 24 TCM colleges and universities as well as several telephone interviews in the first two weeks. We also collected 5,076 valid questionnaires and 12 in-depth telephone interviews teachers in the front line. The findings show that the dimension of teachers’ emotional cognition scored the highest, while other dimensions like the current online teaching conditions, the sense of teaching efficacy and social supporting were higher than the theoretical mean. Meanwhile, teachers experienced certain degree of pressure but that did not exceed the theoretical mean. Also, teachers’ experiences of online or blended teaching prior to the epidemic scored the lowest, which was below the theoretical mean. The findings indicate that the overall online teaching during COVID-19 is satisfactory yet there is room to improve in certain aspects. This paper points out that TCM colleges and universities should improve students’ ability in discussion, autonomous and cooperative learning; enhance interactions between teachers and students; relieve teachers’ pressure by effective use of social supporting; reinforce the sense of teaching efficacy; promote reform in blended-teaching mode; and provide teachers with precise and individualized training.
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    Investigation and countermeasures of psychological health of staying-on-campus medical postgraduates during COVID-19
    Lang Shuang, Wang Yaoxian, Zhang Jing, Zhang Chongxu, Fan Lu
    2020, 39 (5):  7-9.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.215
    Abstract ( 43 )   PDF (1136KB) ( 16 )   Save
    During COVID-19, colleges and universities have to delay the opening of school, however, quite a number of medical postgraduates have to study and work on campus due to the particularity of teaching and training of medical schools. According to the overall requirements of epidemic prevention and control, students can only move around on campus with stricter restrictions on time and movement area. In this case, schools have to attach great importance to these students’ physical and psychological health. Taking Beijing University of Chinese Medicine as an example, the school conducted an online questionnaire and telephone interviews to investigate the physical and psychological conditions of 268 postgraduates on campus. We collected 268 valid questionnaires and interviewed 45 graduate students. The findings show that postgraduates’ psychological health is generally good, yet a small number of students manifest different degrees of anxiety and depression. The school has taken the following countermeasures to alleviate the negative emotions and improve their psychological health: providing online counselling for each postgraduate; offering guidance in group; reinforcing mentor’s guidance and supervision; offering online courses; implementing morning fitness programs; and organizing Qihuang online activities.
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    Teaching strategy design and reflection on “Cloud practice” during CONVID-19
    Shen Yuhong, Hu Hongyi, Shu Jing, Li Fufeng, Zhang Yi, Wang Xueqi
    2020, 39 (5):  10-12.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.355
    Abstract ( 48 )   PDF (1133KB) ( 20 )   Save
    During the fight against COVID-19 pandemic, colleges and universities have been committing to implementing effective online teaching. As Traditional Chinese Medicine is a discipline built on practice, the clinical internship for graduates is an indispensable part of the entire TCM education. For TCM colleges and universities, it is quite challenging to implement clinical internship online during COVID-19 prevention and control. Based on re-construction of the core competence goals of the clinical internship of Shanghai University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, this paper introduced the design of “six in one” virtual practice teaching strategy as well as the preliminary exploration of the closed-loop teaching management for online internship. It is hoped to construct a proper, feasible and high-quality system of “Cloud practice” teaching.
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    Teaching exploration from “Prevention First” during COVID-19 containment*
    Zhou Guangwen, Wu Yonggui, Chen Hongbo, Xiang Nan, Chen Li, Wang Jingzhi
    2020, 39 (5):  13-16.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.274
    Abstract ( 38 )   PDF (1143KB) ( 22 )   Save
    The thought of “prevention first”, the basic theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), has been applied in the whole process of diagnosis and treatment, and effectively guided the clinical practice of TCM. However, students have difficulty in understanding and applying this theory clinically due to its theoretical abstraction and condensation. During COVID-19 epidemic, especially in Wuhan, Hubei Province, traditional Chinese medicine has actively participated in the whole process in fighting against COVID-19, and achieved remarkable results and proved effective. This paper analyzed the prevention and treatment measures of TCM against COVID-19, and explored the specific application of “prevention first” plus its implementation in teaching. It is hoped to deepen students’ understanding of “prevention first” and further strengthen their confidence in TCM theories and culture.
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    Reconsideration of cultivating value orientation and literacy goals of TCM talents in the fight against CONVID-19
    Sun Xiangru, He Qinghu, Chen Hong, Chen Xiaoping, Zhang Jindong
    2020, 39 (5):  17-21.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.123
    Abstract ( 38 )   PDF (1211KB) ( 15 )   Save
    Based on news reports, medical strategies, clinical efficacy as well as public opinions on COVID-19, the authors of this paper put forward that the TCM talent cultivation should establish dedication-centered and scientific-oriented value system. Moreover, practical ability and innovative thinking should be equally strengthened to fullfil the goals of quality-oriented education. By so doing, we can lay a solid foundation of TCM talent reserve to tackle the possible public health emergency in the future.
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    Application of blended model in TCM Emergency distance teaching aided by flipped classroom during COVID-19*
    Liu Fusheng, Wang Sumei, Liu Zhi, Zheng Xiangchun, Fang Xiaolei
    2020, 39 (5):  22-25.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.136
    Abstract ( 36 )   PDF (1453KB) ( 23 )   Save
    Distance teaching has become a counter-measure to deal with “non-stopping teaching and learning” during COVID-19 outbreak. Guided by the concept of flipped classroom teaching, TCM Emergency department constructed teaching resources database for distance teaching, and adopted multiple teaching methods aiming at promoting students’ post competence of TCM emergency by blended teaching model of online teaching (BB platform and WeChat) + offline teaching. Moreover, the teaching emphasized previewing, classroom learning and reviewing through the whole process. The preliminary practice shows that this teaching model is suitable for the teaching requirements under the epidemic. At the same time, this teaching model based on flipped classroom teaching concept has been improved as well.
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    Exploring innovative approach of “Cloud model” for Communist Youth League and Student Union during COVID-19: A case study of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine
    Han Xue, Li Xiang, Zhao Jianlei, Gao Peng, Yan Xiaoxue, Yu Huan, Liu Dongmiao, Liu Mo, Liu Yafei
    2020, 39 (5):  26-29.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.187
    Abstract ( 44 )   PDF (1144KB) ( 21 )   Save
    During COVID-19 outbreak, the Ministry of Education (MOE) has postponed and adjusted the time of the opening of school. In this process, college students are prone to experience some negative emotions like anxiety, fear and restlessness. The Communist Youth League should give full play to its leading and linking role at this critical moment. In this paper, the authors introduced the “Cloud model” composed of the following activities: employing “Cloud search”, constructing “Cloud platform”, providing “Cloud services”, organizing “Cloud meeting”, carrying out “Cloud activities”, and implementing “Cloud management”. Aided by this “Cloud model”, the Communist Youth League and Student Union of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine has enriched students’ lives, guiding students’ thinking, and regulating students’ emotions. The “Cloud model” played an important role and laid a solid foundation for college students to overcome difficulties during COVID-19.
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    Practice and exploration of inheritance and innovation of TCM higher education*
    Yu Shuguang, Hu Yimei, Li Yong, Jian Shengnan
    2020, 39 (5):  30-34.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.356
    Abstract ( 30 )   PDF (1209KB) ( 12 )   Save
    The institutions of higher education of TCM have cultivated numerous TCM practitioners and prominent maters in the past 60 years with its unique talent growth path as well as continuous reforms. As the main body of TCM higher education in China, TCM colleges and universities have realized the transformation from traditional education mode to modern education mode. TCM higher education has gradually formed its preliminary framework: TCM colleges and universities as the main body coordinated by organizations of different levels and types. Guided by this framework, the construction of talent cultivating model should give full play to the advantages of TCM with coordination of multiple disciplines, levels and types. By so doing, higher education of TCM can play its due role in inheritance and innovation of TCM.
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    Construction of discipline and specialty: Working towards the common goal for “double first-class initiative” TCM colleges and universities*
    Sun Zhongren, Guo Hongwei, Yan Zhonghong
    2020, 39 (5):  35-38.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.396
    Abstract ( 26 )   PDF (1141KB) ( 10 )   Save
    Discipline and specialty construction is the foundation of the survival and development of higher education institutions. It is also an important way to realize the connotative and sustainable developments. These two constructions should work towards the same goal in order to establish solid foundation for specialty construction and develop advantaged and characteristic discipline; to build high quality specialized teaching team and discipline team; to accomplish high-level teaching and scientific achievements, and to cultivate TCM talents by considering both talent quality and social assessment and supervision. By so doing, we can promote the construction of “double first-class initiative” of TCM collepes and universities.
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    First-class teachers enhancing the cultivation of first-class TCM talents*
    Xiong Lei, Zhang Xiaoyuan, Zhao Huaiqing, Yang Yang
    2020, 39 (5):  39-42.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.004
    Abstract ( 27 )   PDF (1138KB) ( 12 )   Save
    First-class teachers are the strategic resources for colleges and universities to cultivate first-class talents, promote the construction of “double first-class initiative”, and enhance the core competitiveness. Based on the existing problems at different degrees in TCM colleges and universities, such as decreased motivation in cultivating students, inadequate professional competence, rigid management and assessment, and declined productivity, Yunnan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine has taken the following measures to improve the quality of teachers and construct first-class teaching team: strengthening the supervision and evaluation of teachers’ ethics, developing characteristic cultures for teachers, and reinforcing teachers’ determination and dedication to teaching and education, adhering to the holistic view of teacher development, improving teaching and research competence, recruiting top-talents to reinforce teaching team, improving the evaluation mechanism, all of which further enhance the cultivation of first-class students.
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    Research on the characteristics of the inheritance system of TCM prominent physicians Shi Jinmo and Zhu Shenyu*
    Wang Yang, Zhu Jinpu, Wang Limin, Zhu Zhaogang
    2020, 39 (5):  43-45.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.228
    Abstract ( 30 )   PDF (1195KB) ( 4 )   Save
    The inheritance system of Shi Jinmo and Zhu Shenyu is derived from one of the four Beijing prominent TCM masters Shi Jinmo, passing down for four generations, and eventually has developed into an academic system with both apprentice education and school education. Over the past decades, guided by the motto of “integrity in personality and conscientiousness in treatment”, tens of thousands of patients have sought treatment here and it has cultivated many high-level TCM physicians. This paper summarizes the following features of inheritance approach: smooth connection between school education and apprentice education; sharing of clinical experiences and learning reflections; integration and innovation of modern medicine and traditional medicine; improvement of medical skills and ethics.
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    Historical review on the 65th anniversary of “Western medicine learning from traditional Chinese medicine”*
    Jiang Longkui
    2020, 39 (5):  46-48.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.116
    Abstract ( 27 )   PDF (1135KB) ( 5 )   Save
    Chairman Mao Zedong called on the movement of “Western medicine learning from traditional Chinese medicine (TCM)” to re-orient the health policy in the early days of the founding of the People’s Republic of China. The initial objective of this movement was to correct ignorance and discrimination of TCM as well as integrating TCM with Western medicine in healthcare system. The movement started from the learning the Party’s policies, and turned out to organize TCM lectures, TCM in-service training and full-time training nationwide. After the country experienced the climax of the Great Leap Forward, it returned to normal conditions. The movement has helped to remove the barriers between Western medicine and TCM, enhance the status of TCM, cultivate TCM talents, and most importantly, build a solid foundation for the development of TCM.
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    Exploration of integrating ideological and political elements into the teaching of Otorhinolaryngology of TCM
    Liu Siming, Jiao Lulu, Liu Lili, Gong Zheng, Liu Qiaoping, Yan Zhanfeng, Liu Jianhua
    2020, 39 (5):  49-52.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.279
    Abstract ( 32 )   PDF (1139KB) ( 10 )   Save
    Objective This paper aims at integrating ideological and political elements into the overall process of professional course teaching to realize ideological and political education, and to cultivate high-quality medical talents. Methods Based on the characteristics of Otolaryngology of TCM, we firstly identified ideological and political elements embodied in this course, and then explored various teaching methods such as the integration of classroom teaching with traditional cultures; the integration of classroom education with professional competence; the integration of classroom teaching with online teaching, and the intepration of ideological and political elements into the teaching of Otorhinolaryngology of TCM. Results For ideological and political education, integrating ideological and political elements is an important way in contemporary colleges and universities. For Otorhinolaryngology of TCM, the integration has played a very important role in ideological education. Conclusion The ideological and political education in Otolaryngology of TCM realizes its dual goal of knowledge imparting and value guiding. By so doing, in the whole process it cultivates high-quality TCM talents with both integrity and ability.
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    Discussion on community clinical practice during vacation for clinical medical students*
    Guo Yaqin, He Ziwei, Meng Caixia, Gao Min, Xu Xiaoying, Zhang Tingting
    2020, 39 (5):  53-57.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.411
    Abstract ( 34 )   PDF (1153KB) ( 18 )   Save
    Clinical practice is a way to transform students of clinical medicine from school to hospital, from classroom to practice, and from rationality to sensibility. This paper first discusses the significance of community practice for clinical medical students. Moreover, based on existing problems of clinical practice, it puts forward the idea of community clinical practice during summer and winter vacations. For grade one to grade three medical students, they can go to widely distributed community hospitals to carry out clinical practice during summer and winter vacations. This paper also discusses the possibility and feasibility of this approach as well as the problems to be handled for successful clinical practice.
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    Reinforcing the study of TCM classics in clinical teaching of Gynecology of TCM*
    Chen Yun, Ren Qingling
    2020, 39 (5):  58-61.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.385
    Abstract ( 38 )   PDF (1199KB) ( 16 )   Save
    The classical theory of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) has played an important role in the establishment and formation of the theoretical system of TCM. It has also contributed to the establishment of the system of syndrome differentiation and treatment. Therefore, TCM classics is the basis of TCM clinical thinking and has still significantly guided clinical treatment. Based on the problems of classics teaching in gynecology in TCM, this paper proposes teachers should improve their skills in using classics flexibly in daily life, take initiative to teaching classics in class, guide students to apply classics in their clinical practice, and simulate students’ confidence in using classics to differentiate patterns and treat diseases. Teachers also should give full play to the role of guiding students in learning classics, integrating information technology to the teaching of Gynecology of TCM, and cultivating TCM gynecological professionals to use classical theory clinically for better inheritance and development of Gynecology of TCM.
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    Construction and application of comprehensive training and assessment system of four diagnostic techniques of TCM*
    Wang Lijuan, Zhang Ruiyi, Zhang Weifei, Zhu Longying, Wu Yaohui, Xu Ge, Zou Lu, Xu Ying, Li Fufeng
    2020, 39 (5):  62-64.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.371
    Abstract ( 27 )   PDF (1134KB) ( 11 )   Save
    In order to improve the level and quality of TCM diagnosis practice teaching, cultivate students’ clinical thinking and strengthen clinical training, it is necessary to reinforce the training in practice teaching. It is urgent to construct a training platform for clinical skills of TCM diagnosis. Modern information technology and Internet interaction technology are used to collect the four diagnostic data of real clinical patients. A comprehensive training and assessment system of four TCM diagnostic techniques is constructed, characterized by personalized and open network with high interaction and efficient learning outcome. This system allows students to study actively by choosing their own learning content and setting their own learning pace. It also enables students to integrate medical theories to clinical practice systematically thus better mastering the skills of four TCM diagnosis.
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    Research and reflection on the construction of virtual simulation experiment teaching project*
    Jiang Shan, Yan Yonghong, Lin Yan
    2020, 39 (5):  65-68.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.023
    Abstract ( 31 )   PDF (1140KB) ( 30 )   Save
    Virtual simulation experiment teaching plays an important role in experimental teaching and talent cultivating, and has been rapidly developed and popularized in colleges and universities all over the country in recent years. Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (BUCM) has yielded considerable results and accumulated some experience in the construction of virtual simulation experiment teaching project. Based on BUCM’s successful experience and existing problems, together with the current situation of COVID-19, we actively explore the approach of construction of virtual simulation experiment teaching project in TCM colleges and universities, improve the quality of construction, and promote the comprehensive quality of teaching, education and talent cultivation.
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    Application of task-driven flipped classroom teaching mode in Pharmacy of TCM*
    Wang Yingzi, Du Shouying, Wu Qing, Wang Yunli, Wang Huinan
    2020, 39 (5):  69-72.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.287
    Abstract ( 26 )   PDF (1143KB) ( 5 )   Save
    Pharmacy of TCM, the main course of TCM specialty, is difficult for students to fully understand and master due to fragmentary knowledge points and abstract content. The task-driven flipped classroom is a new teaching mode, which can cultivate students’ ability to analyze and solve problems independently and learn independently. Formative assessment focuses on students’ learning process, which can effectively make up for many negative effects brought by one-sided summative evaluation and overemphasis on teaching effect. The task-driven flipped classroom teaching mode and formative assessment are applied to the teaching of Pharmacy of TCM. The reformed teaching mode and assessment put more emphasis on cultivating students’ practical competence, innovation, and application knowledge into practice, all of which will stimulate their learning enthusiasm and interests, create relaxed learning environment for students to communicate, enhance students’ autonomous learning, analytic ability and learning efficiency.
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    Teaching reform of Hospital Information System for health administration-oriented specialty: Taking ShanghaiUniversity of Traditional Chinese Medicine as an example*
    Yu Jing, Hou Yu, Che Lijuan
    2020, 39 (5):  73-77.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.183
    Abstract ( 27 )   PDF (1154KB) ( 3 )   Save
    The rapid development of medical information requires a large number of health administration talents with computer and information system knowledge. Based on current social needs, taking Hospital Information System of health administration specialty of Shanghai University of traditional Chinese Medicine as an example, we first summarized the early teaching practice, then analyzed the problems in the teaching process, and put forward specific measures for teaching reform. The teaching reform included the following aspects: adjusting teaching objectives according to specialty characteristics and employment needs; enriching teaching contents to broadening students’knowledge; improving teaching methods to stimulate students’ learning enthusiasm; focusing on learning process for comprehensive assessment. The teaching reform aims at optimizing the course teaching, and cultivating students’ ability in independent thinking and problem solving.
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    Exploration of applying split-class mode in bilingual teaching of Diagnostics of TCM*
    Li Xiuyang, Ren Jian, Liu Juhai, Li Yuqiu, Xu Wanli
    2020, 39 (5):  78-81.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.276
    Abstract ( 28 )   PDF (1146KB) ( 10 )   Save
    Under the context of attaching more importance to cultivating international TCM talents and advocating “student-centered” teaching philosophy, the bilingual teaching team of Diagnostics of TCM has systematically applied the split-class mode concerning teaching objects, teaching contents, and teaching outcomes. In the process of this teaching reform, the team has identified teaching objectives, teaching methods and teaching assessment, and obtained experience and reflection. From this teaching exploration, the team hoped to provide a classroom teaching mode and characteristic practices suitable for bilingual teaching of Diagnostics of TCM in order to stimulate students’ enthusiasm and improve students’ TCM bilingual competence.
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    Tentative study on the application of POA in TCM reading teaching aided with blended learning*
    Li Mengru, Li Yiran, Zhai Shujuan, Wu Qing
    2020, 39 (5):  82-85.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.05.370
    Abstract ( 30 )   PDF (1148KB) ( 15 )   Save
    Production-oriented Approach (POA) was designed to make optimally efficient and effective the teaching and learning of English at tertiary level in China and has been applied by many teachers across the nation. POA is seen commonly experimented in writing and oral classes while seldom considered in reading class, not to mention TCM (traditional Chinese medicine) reading classes. From the perspective of course design and its underlying rationale, this paper intends to probe into the application of POA into the teaching of TCM reading aided with blended learning, which is believed to help improve TCM English teaching methods and production.
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