主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1003-305X CN 11-1349/R

Table of Content

    30 May 2021, Volume 40 Issue 3 Previous Issue   
    Consideration of enhancing the construction of teaching staff under “double first-class” construction context*
    Lyu Wenliang, Hong Yaqun
    2021, 40 (3):  1-4.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.902
    Abstract ( 20 )   PDF (693KB) ( 13 )   Save
    The development of a nation lies in education, and the development of education lies in teachers. The teacher is the organizer and facilitator of the classroom, thus the ability and quality of the teacher will directly affect the teaching quality and education level. The “double first-class” construction is a strategic measure for China to be in the top rank of higher education, and first-class teaching staff will warrant to realize this dream. Therefore, how to reinforce the construction of teaching staff is the utter most important issue that needs to be solved at present. This paper puts forward the strategy of strengthening the university with good teaching staff from the aspects of enhancing the ideological and political quality, improving the quality of teachers, reforming the personnel system and improving the status of teachers.
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    Discussion on the curriculum construction of hierarchical introduction to medical cases of febrile diseases: Taking Hainan Medical University as an example*
    Xie Yiqiang, Gui Yiwei, Wang Xian, Liu Chang, Zhao Jingyu, Liu Yinglian, Li Mi, Li Kai
    2021, 40 (3):  5-8.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.891
    Abstract ( 12 )   PDF (748KB) ( 5 )   Save
    Medical-case teaching, the connection between TCM theory and clinical practice, can improve students’ clinical thinking ability and capacity in syndrome differentiation and treatment. Unfortunately, medical-case teaching has not been systematized, and medical-case course of febrile diseases is not available. Under this circumstance, we constructed a medical-case course of febrile diseases oriented by hierarchical reading. We selected typical TCM cases of febrile dieases, guiding students to study by providing a hierarchical introduction. It is hoped to enhance students’ ability to differentiate patterns of febrile diseases.
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    Construction and practice of GPCE-based comprehensive talent cultivation system for Chinese Medicine in Macao SAR*
    Liu Liang, Zhou Hua, Xu Youhua, Yan Peiyu, Yu Lili
    2021, 40 (3):  9-12.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.536
    Abstract ( 17 )   PDF (826KB) ( 10 )   Save
    Chinese Medicine is highly accepted by Macao population. However, due to historical factors, the development of Chinese Medicine has been severely restricted because of incomplete system and lack of industry control. In response to the higher education development demand of Macao after she returned to China, Macau University of Science and Technology (MUST) was established in 2000 and bachelor’s degree education for Chinese Medicine was initiated at the same time. With the support of the Central and SAR Governments and assistance from universities of Chinese Medicine in Mainland China, a comprehensive talent cultivation system for Chinese Medicine at colleges and universities, mainly including General Education, Professional Education, and Creative Education (GPCE), was established. Under GPCE system, a number of versatile professionals were graduated from MUST, and have become the backbone for development of Chinese Medicine industry in mainland China and Macao SAR.
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    Investigation and research on the effects of standardized training of residents in Beijing after the implementation of medical education coordination policy*
    Gao Yue, Kong Junhui, Wang Jun, Zhao Mingyang, Song Mei, Shi Jingjing, Gan Jirui, Fu Jinjin
    2021, 40 (3):  13-17.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.006
    Abstract ( 11 )   PDF (606KB) ( 6 )   Save
    Objective With job competence as the orientation, this paper aims to investigate the effect of two types of standardized resident-trainees in Beijing after the implementation of the medical education coordination policy. Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted on the basic situation, completion of training, and improvement of training ability of the trainees who have completed the standardized training of residents in 2016-2019 and also participated in the final exam. Results In 2019, 66.67% of the 3 084 subjects who participated in the survey on the effects of standardized training for residents in Beijing were resident doctors, and 33.33% were graduate students with master's degree in clinical medicine. After the standardized, the abilities of the two kinds of trainees have been improved, among which the improvement of professional quality is the most significant one. The overall training effect of resident doctors was better than that of master students. There is no significant difference in the factors affecting the training effect of the two types of resident-trainees. Conclusions After the implementation of the medical-education coordination policy, the overall training effect of resident doctors is better than that of graduate students. It is recommended to further explore the standardized training models that can better meet the different needs of the two types of trainees, and further improve the homogeneity of standardized training of residents.
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    A bibliographic and visualizd analysis of the translation studies on Huangdi Neijing
    Lu Fengjiao, Xie Wenxin, Li Xiaoli, Wu Qing
    2021, 40 (3):  18-23.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.764
    Abstract ( 10 )   PDF (1777KB) ( 6 )   Save
    Based on 405 translation studies of Huangdi Neijing from databases of CNKI, Wanfang and VIP in the last 20 years, this paper mapped the knowledge domains of major authors, institutions, and research highlights with the help of visualization software CiteSpace. It was found that translation study of Huangdi Neijing had witnessed a rapid development between 2015 and 2019, and teachers and students of TCM colleges majoring in foreign languages composed major part of the researchers. Research hotspots included Suwen, rhetorical expressions, theoretical applications, translation strategies, work reviews and culture-loaded words. It is hoped that this researh will provide reference to benefit the research and teaching at the colleges and universities of traditional Chinese medicine in China.
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    Influencing factors on the growth of newly-employed teachers: Talking Beijing University of Chinese Medicine as an example
    Yang Yizhuo, Wang Zhiwei, Zhao Qianqian, Liu Yangrui, Ma Tingting, Zhao Hui, Jiang Xiaoyan, Wnag Peixuan, Chang Hui
    2021, 40 (3):  24-27.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.559
    Abstract ( 9 )   PDF (539KB) ( 7 )   Save
    Objective This paper aims at investigating influencing factors on the growth of newly-employed teachers in Beijing University of Chinese Medicine and providing countermeasures. Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted on teachers within three years of employment, and the chi-square test was used to identify the difference due to composition ratio of different factors. Results In terms of sociological factors, there were statistically significant differences in gender, educational background, pre-employment school, time of employment, and discipline. In terms of working factors, weekly working hours and weekly resting days were statistically different. Conclusions The school should adopt the following countermeasures to the development of newly-employed teachers: improving the relevant guarantee system, expanding the scope of funding, constructing the cooperative platform for growth, giving full play to the guiding role of prominent teachers, making proper plans of personal growth, paying special attention to the growth of non-dominant discipline teachers, and stimulating the enthusiasm and creativity of new teachers.
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    Discussion on common problems of research design of teaching methods
    Qiao Wangzhong
    2021, 40 (3):  28-31.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.075
    Abstract ( 6 )   PDF (551KB) ( 4 )   Save
    With more emphasis on the research of teaching and education, the degree of research has become increasingly in-depth. As the mojority of teaching and education research applicants and paper writers are teachers, the content is more concerned with new teaching methods. At present, there are three kinds of problems in the research design of teaching methods. The first is the combination of teaching methods, usually applying more than two methods. The second is the application of randomized controlled trials in a teaching method in the course of teaching. The third is to evaluate the superiority and feasibility of a teaching method by using examination or test results and questionnaire survey. This paper, from the perspective of medical education research design, analyzed the three problems, pointed out the potential risks, and provided some corresponding solutions to these problems.
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    Understanding and reflection on the academic inheritance and innovation of prestigious TCM physicians*
    Zhou Wei, Lao Yingrong, Weng Heng, Guo Jianwen
    2021, 40 (3):  32-35.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.386
    Abstract ( 16 )   PDF (577KB) ( 5 )   Save
    The academic inheritance of prestigious TCM physicians is an important means for the academic development and innovation of traditional Chinese medicine. This paper analyzes the key elements and strategies of the academic inheritance and innovation of prestigious TCM physicians. It also advocates the application of modern management, technological methods and techniques to enhance the effects of inheritance and innovation. It further reflects on quality improvement from teaching, inheriting and innovating. In conjunction with the concept of modern knowledge management and the method of information technology, this paper attempts to understand and reflect on the “teaching”, “inheritance” and “innovation” of academic thoughts of prestigious TCM physicians.
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    Analysis of Zhang Shichen’s academic thoughts on Chinese Materia Medica based on 60-year academic experience
    Dong Ling, Zhang Xu, Cao Lijuan, Sun Yu, Yu Zhibin, Yang Linyong, Wang Yingchun, Li Fei
    2021, 40 (3):  36-42.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.778
    Abstract ( 14 )   PDF (1059KB) ( 7 )   Save
    This paper made a systematic review on Professor Zhang’s 60-year career in education, management, industry and academic thoughts from the following three aspects. First, he established a clinical-based scientific thinking system of Chinese Materia Medica based on “reading herbal medicine, asking clinical questions and doing research”. Secondly, he constructed an efficacy-oriented scientific management system for the approval and management of Chinese Materia Medica based on the physical properties. Finally, he put forward academic thoughts, scientific research and industrial strategies such as “theoretical foundation of Chinese Materia Medica”, “comprehensive quality system of three indicators”, to tackle the corresponding bottleneck problems. It is hoped to make a comprehensive review of Zhang’s 60 years academic experience so as to inherit and develop his academic thoughts and spirit, and to provide reference for other scholars.
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    Practice and consideration of quality education of “delivering three services to countryside” by student communist party members: Taking College of Clinical Medicine of Chengdu Traditional Chinese Medicine University as an example*
    Wang Yiming, Deng Jianya, Fan Jieyang, Duan Jiamin, Yuan Yongfang, Liao Xueling, Tang Xuemei
    2021, 40 (3):  43-45.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.345
    Abstract ( 12 )   PDF (498KB) ( 10 )   Save
    As representatives of medical colleges and universities, TCM colleges and universities play a key role in the delivering medical services to people at grassroot-level with the wisdom of traditional medicine. In the new era of college education, it is an important way to implement advanced ideological education for student party members to participate in social practice activities, and it is also the requirement for student party members. The College of Clinical Medicine of Chengdu of Traditional Chinese Medicine University responded positively to the call of the state with student party members delivering medical services to the grassroot-level communities. The activities proved successful demonstrating the spirit of new youth. The activity also offered an opportunity to explore the quality education mode in practice and provide reference for the cultivation of party members in TCM colleges and universities.
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    Investigation and analysis of the influence of long-distance running on students’ mental health: Taking Beijing University of Chinese Medicine as an example
    Wang Yitong, Gao Lin, Wang Hongwei, Wu Yufeng, Zhang Jing, Wu Fengzhi, Wang Yuanyuan, Kong Junhui
    2021, 40 (3):  46-50.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.870
    Abstract ( 11 )   PDF (756KB) ( 7 )   Save
    Mental health is one of the major issues faced by current colleges and universities. We first conducted a questionnaire survey to explore the mental health status of Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (BUCM). Then we conducted a 12-week long-distance running experiment to observe and compare the students’ metal health indicators before and after the intervention of the experiment. The findings indicate that BUCM students are willing to participate in the long-distance running exercise. The findings also show that correct, scientific guidance and training as well as cultivating the persistent habits of physical exercises can be of help to the mental health of college students.
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    Practice and reflection on MOOC-based flipped classroom teaching of Treatise of Cold-induced Diseases*
    Zhang Jingyuan, Ling Yun, Ma Junjie, Pu Wenyuan, Sun Songxian, Zhou Chunxiang
    2021, 40 (3):  51-54.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.565
    Abstract ( 14 )   PDF (854KB) ( 6 )   Save
    In line with the current development of education, a flipped teaching of Treatise of Cold-induced Diseases based on MOOC was conducted on students during their second semester of 2018-2019. Guided by in-depth learning, the teaching included pre-class learning, while-class learning of both online and offline, and post-class feedback. Based on the observation and analysis of the students, teaching procedures, teaching methods and other observational indicators, the application of the teaching reform as well as its effects were evaluated. The researchers further summarized the experiences and problems to provide solutions and reference for further teaching reforms.
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    Consideration on the construction and teaching reform of TCM Emergency discipline*
    Chen Liang, Chen Yi, Zhang Qing, Wang Zihan, Wang Qi
    2021, 40 (3):  55-58.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.535
    Abstract ( 11 )   PDF (697KB) ( 5 )   Save
    This paper reflects on the construction and teaching reform of TCM Emergency discipline based on the background of TCM prevention and control of COVID-19. It is believed that traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) plays an important role in prevention and treatment of various infectious diseases, nevertheless, there are some problems to handle. The construction of TCM Emergency should reinforce the top-level design, cultivate students with virtue by promoting reform of ideological and political teaching, systematically tease precious experiences of combating infectious diseases of different times, emphasize the combination of inheritance and innovation, theory and practice to highlight the advantages of TCM as well as making the best use of integrating Western medicine and teaching faculty. On the basis of high-quality discipline construction, we should give full play to the advantages of TCM in prevention and treatment of infectious diseases to cope with infectious diseases occurring at any time and ensure to develop high-quality talents in emergency.
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    Integrating excellent traditional Chinese culture into Chinese Medical History for international students*
    Yang Yiwang, Hu Rong, Yan Na, Xu Chaoqiong, Lu Xiangrong, Gu Yunxiang
    2021, 40 (3):  59-62.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.564
    Abstract ( 16 )   PDF (586KB) ( 9 )   Save
    This paper explores the strategy of integrating excellent traditional Chinese culture into the teaching of Chinese Medical History, taking the international students of Shanghai University of traditional Chinese medicine as the research object. The findings of previous teaching shows that international students have two learning characteristics: not familiar with the Chinese language and traditional Chinese culture but manifesting a strong interest in the knowledge of traditional Chinese medicine. Based on the analysis of the current situation, this paper puts forward three countermeasures: cultivating the thinking ability of traditional Chinese medicine and guiding foreign students to think; innovating the education mode and making good use of teaching resources; enumerating historical facts and cases to provide opportunities for them to appreciate Chinese culture. From the perspective of medical spirit, medical knowledge, medical skills and medical ethics, the core values of Chinese excellent traditional culture such as “benevolence, harmony, refinement and sincerity”, are imperceptibly integrated into all aspects of the teaching of Chinese Medical History, so as to gradually enhance the emotional exchange and cultural assimilation of international students majoring in TCM.
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    Design of early warning system of academic performance at colleges and universities based on database and machine learning technology*
    Zhang Bingzhu, Li Hao, Hou Hexiang, Yu Haitao, Ma Xingguang
    2021, 40 (3):  63-67.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.699
    Abstract ( 12 )   PDF (1132KB) ( 5 )   Save
    The application of information-based early warning system of academic performance at colleges and universities can reduce the huge workload of the traditional early warning one thus greatly improve the efficiency of teaching management. This paper discusses the status quo of academic performance early warning system at colleges and universities, designs the early warning system of academic performance based on database for Beijing University of Chinese Medicine (BUCM), and proposes a model of early warning of academic performance based on machine learning algorithm. The system has timely warned the abnormal academic performances and identified the association rules among the potential correlation among courses. The feasibility of the early warning system is tested via data. The system is significant in guiding the improvement of teaching management method and teaching quality.
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    Study on positive experiences of voluntary medical guidance provided by nursing undergraduates*
    Jiang Ziqi, Shen Qin, Liu Jinling
    2021, 40 (3):  68-71.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.337
    Abstract ( 8 )   PDF (629KB) ( 4 )   Save
    Objective This paper aims at understanding positive experiences of voluntary medical guidance services provided by nursing undergraduates. Methods The semi-structured in-depth interview method was used to interview 11 nursing undergraduates who provided voluntary medical guidance services. After the interview, the traditional content analysis method was used to analyze the data. Results The following four aspects have been indentified from the data analysis: fulfillment of self-worth, improvement of expertise, recognition of professional identity, and establishment of career plan. Conclusions Undergraduate nursing students benefited a lot from voluntary medical guidance services, which exerted positive impacts on professional learning and career prospects. Students’ reflections on the experiences of this activity should be emphasized. The quality of voluntary medical guidance services can be improved by running relevant courses and conducting training.
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    Application of cases in the practical teaching of Orthopedics aided by WeChat platform*
    Yao Zhicheng, Liang Dingtian, Mo Zhisheng, Xu Peiqing, Li Huanyu
    2021, 40 (3):  72-75.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.512
    Abstract ( 11 )   PDF (585KB) ( 6 )   Save
    Objective This paper discusses the application of cases in practical teaching of Orthopedics based on WeChat platform. Methods Eighty undergraduate interns majoring in traditional Chinese medicine were randomly divided into two groups with 40 students in each group. The experimental group adopted case teaching based on WeChat platform, while the control group adopted traditional teaching method. A comparative analysis was conducted between the two groups in students’ performances, self-evaluation on students’ comprehensive ability, and evaluation on students’ satisfaction towards teaching. Results After 1 month of practice, there was statistical significance between the experimental group and the control group in the performance assessment, including the theoretical test scores, operational test scores and case analysis scores (P<0.01). In terms of self-evaluation of students’comprehensive ability, learning interest, communication ability, operational ability and comprehensive ability, there was statistical significance between the two groups (P<0.01). The difference between the two groups was statistically significant in self-study ability, innovative ability, clinical thinking ability, literature retrieval ability, problem analysis ability (P<0.05) . There was statistically significant difference in teaching satisfaction between the two groups (P<0.05).Conclusions The case-based teaching aided by WeChat platform can enhance students’ comprehensive ability in Orthopedics department as well as the improvement of teaching quality.
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    Evaluation and analysis of blended teaching of surgery based on Internet plus
    An Jialing, Yang Chengcheng, Yu Wen, Zhang Fanfan, Liu Baoqing, Zhang Shaohui, Wang Hui, Pei Wenjing, Liu Huiliang, Men Siye, Zhang Dong, Chen Ziyan, Wang Yukun, Yan Shaofei
    2021, 40 (3):  76-81.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.366
    Abstract ( 8 )   PDF (860KB) ( 5 )   Save
    Objective This paper aims to understand the change of critical thinking ability of 205 students in two grades before and after training, and to evaluate the advantages of blended teaching over traditional one by statistical analyzing their theoretical and clinical ability. Methods The research group adopted blended teaching and introduced various teaching methods. The control group of traditional teaching was assessed with critical thinking questionnaire, OSCE examination and final written examination results. Results Statistical results showed that there were significant differences between the two grades except dimension 5(self-confidence in critical thinking). There were no significant differences in OSCE scores and written examination scores. Conclusions Blended teaching has a positive effect on improving students critical thinking ability, and can help improve students’ open thinking, creativity and desire for knowledge. The overall effect of the blended teaching is better than that of the traditional one.
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    Research and consideration on the construction of innovative teaching team of biochemistry in TCM higher vocational colleges*
    Zhu Dan
    2021, 40 (3):  82-85.  doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.03.553
    Abstract ( 10 )   PDF (615KB) ( 5 )   Save
    The construction of innovative teaching team is one of the important strategies guided by “National vocational education reform implementation plan”. Based on the characteristics of TCM higher vocational colleges, this paper puts forward the view that the innovative teaching team has multiple roles: a supporter to improve the training quality of TCM comprehensive technical talents; a practitioner to promote the “three-dimensional teaching” reform of TCM higher vocational education; a performer to implement the achievements of teaching reform of TCM higher vocational education. The author emphasizes the necessity of constructing innovative teaching team and points out the problems such as lack of cooperation and innovation as well as inflexible mechanism. This paper further puts forward, taking biochemistry innovative teaching team as an example, some specific measures such as constructing a bilateral system of both teaching and medical industry, enhancing innovation of the teaching team, and activating the internal dynamics of the team. The research will provide reference for the construction of innovative team.
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