主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1003-305X CN 11-1349/R

中医教育 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 69-71.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2021.02.225

• 教学园地 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于汉字字形的中药“象-图”记忆法*

王小强, 曾伟灵, 王饶琼, 蒲玉婷, 白雪#   

  1. 西南医科大学附属中医医院 泸州 646000
  • 收稿日期:2020-03-20 出版日期:2021-03-30 发布日期:2021-03-31
  • 通讯作者: #白雪,女,硕士,主任中医师,硕士生导师
  • 作者简介:王小强,男,硕士,住院中医师
  • 基金资助:
    *泸州市人民政府—西南医科大学科技战略合作软科学项目(No.2019LZXNYDR07)

“Character-image” memorizing method of medicinals based on Chinese character glyph*

Wang Xiaoqiang, Zeng Weiling, Wang Raoqiong, Pu Yuting, Bai Xue#   

  1. Affiliated Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital to Southwest Medical University,Luzhou 646000
  • Received:2020-03-20 Online:2021-03-30 Published:2021-03-31

摘要: 从中华传统文化的根基:汉字思维、取象比类着手,借助图像记忆法、定位记忆法、故事联想法的记忆法原理,构建出基于汉字字形的中药“象-图”记忆法。该法以中药名中的单个汉字为定位记忆的“地点桩”,首先进行某味中药性味、归经及功效的比类取象,寻找出可对应中药性味、归经及功效的自然表象,然后利用“关键词”“形似法”将表象事物之图像,全部拼接于“地点桩”不同位置上,形成某味中药“象(汉字)-图(图像)”的记忆。通过联想中药名及包含表象所形成的“象-图”记忆地点桩,快速回忆出该味中药的性味、归经及功效。该记忆法采纳中医象思维原理以及定位记忆技巧,既能降低中药知识点的记忆难度,也能锻炼中医象思维能力。

关键词: 中药学, 象思维, 记忆技巧

Abstract: This paper puts forward Image-picture” memorizing method of medicinals based on Chinese character glyph with the help of Chinese character patterns, analogy in TCM, memory assisted by images, positional memorizing, and story associating to memorizing. This method takes a single Chinese character in the name of a medicinal as a “memory site”. The first step is to sort out the medicinal’s taste, property, meridian and actions, then draw the analogies between the characteristics of the medicinal and the character glyph, identifying corresponding representations in the character and then locating these characteristics in the “memory site” by using keywords and images. A complete “character-image” picture will be formed once all the elements of a medicinal are filled into the Chinese character. By associating the name of the medicinal and the character-image memory site formed by its containing images, students can quickly recall the taste, property and meridian and actions of the medicinal. This method adopts the thinking principle of traditional Chinese medicine images and positioning memory skills, which can not only reduce the difficulty of memorizing the knowledge points, but also exercise the thinking ability of traditional Chinese medicine images.

Key words: Traditional Chinese Pharmacy, image thinking, memorizing skills

中图分类号: 

  • G642.1