主 办:北 京 中 医 药 大 学
ISSN 1003-305X CN 11-1349/R

中医教育 ›› 2020, Vol. 39 ›› Issue (1): 13-18.doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1003-305X.2020.01.1004

• 教育研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

基于DEA-BCC静态分析和DEA-Malmquist指数动态分析的中医药院校科技投入产出效率研究*

候贵林1, 李祎迪2, 乔庆彬1, 赵丽颖1#   

  1. 1 北京中医药大学 北京 100029;
    2 北京大学口腔医院 北京 100081
  • 收稿日期:2019-05-23 发布日期:2020-01-20
  • 通讯作者: #赵丽颖,女,硕士,讲师
  • 作者简介:候贵林,女,在读硕士生
  • 基金资助:
    *北京中医药大学重点学科(No.2013-ZDXKKF-17)

Efficiency of scientific and technological input-output in TCM colleges and universities: A combined research of static DEA-BCC analysis and dynamic DEA-Malmquist index*

Hou Guilin1, Li Yidi2, Qiao Qingbin1, Zhao Liying1#   

  1. 1 Beijing University of Chinese Medicine, Beijing 100029;
    2 Peking University Hospital of Stomatology, Beijing 100081
  • Received:2019-05-23 Published:2020-01-20

摘要: 目的 评价中医药院校科技投入产出效率。方法 采用数据包络分析(DEA)和马奎斯特指数(Malmquist指数)的方法分别从静态和动态两个角度对高等中医药院校的科研投入产出效率进行分析和评价。结果 我国高等中医药院校的科研效率为DEA有效的占比56.5%,非DEA有效的高校中,规模效率均为递减,技术效率低为主导的占比50%。从动态趋势来看,69.6%的高校Malmquis全要素生产力指数的平均值大于1,处于增长状态。可以看出高等中医药院校的科研效率增长的原因主要为技术进步,其次为规模效率。结论 应优化科研资源配置,提高中医药院校科技投入产出效率,技术进步则是高等中医药院校的科研效率提升的主要因素。

关键词: DEA, Malmquist指数, 科技投入产出, 高等中医药院校

Abstract: Objective To evaluate the input-output efficiency of science and technology in TCM colleges and universities. Methods The static DEA and dynamic Malmquist index are used to analyze and evaluate the efficiency. Results The research efficiency of TCM colleges and universities is 56.5% for DEA. For non-DEA universities, the scale efficiency is decreasing, and the technical efficiency is 50%. From the dynamic trend, the average value of the Malmquis Total Factor Productivity Index in 69.6% colleges and universities is greater than 1, indicating a stage of growth. The findings showed that the reason for the growth of scientific research efficiency in TCM colleges and universities was mainly technological progress, followed by scale efficiency. Conclusion It is necessary to optimize the allocation of scientific research resources and improve the input-output efficiency of science and technology, because the technological progress is the main factor for the improvement of scientific research efficiency in TCM colleges and universities.

Key words: DEA, Malmquist index, input-output of science and technology, TCM universities and colleges

中图分类号: 

  • G647